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Vitamins are substances that the body generally cannot manufacture, so it is essential that dogs consume them in the diet, since they are essential for life, even if they are only needed in small amounts. In this AnimalWised article we will focus on the vitamin E for dogs. We will review what are the functions of this vitamin in your body and in which cases it may be necessary to reinforce its contribution to achieve an improvement in health.
If you have noticed symptoms in your dog that may make you think that he suffers from a deficiency of a vitamin such as E, do not hesitate to go to the vet for a complete examination.You may also be interested in: Vitamin C for dogs - Dosage and what it is for Index
- What is vitamin E?
- What is vitamin E for dogs good for?
- Vitamin E dosage for dogs
- How to give vitamin E to a dog
- Side effects of vitamin E for dogs
What is vitamin E?
Vitamins are divided into two groups, depending on whether they are water soluble, which are those that dissolve in water, or fat soluble, which are the ones that do it in fat. Vitamin E belongs to this second group, along with others as well known as vitamin A, K or D.
These types of vitamins can be stored in the body, in body fat and, above all, in the liver. They are excreted mainly in the bile. It is important to know that this storage allows its deficiency to be detected late. Vitamins participate in a multitude of vital metabolic processes for the body. Specifically, vitamin E stands out in the following functions:
- Formation of cell membranes.
- Cellular respiration.
- Fat metabolism.
- Natural antioxidant, protects unsaturated fats from oxidation.
- Protection of cells, tissues and organs against free radicals.
Stopping at the antioxidant function of vitamin E for dogs, it should be noted that it acts in foods such as feed, making it difficult to rancidity of different components, such as fats or vitamin A. In addition, it interacts with selenium, making less quantity needed of this mineral and vice versa.
Finally, vitamin E deficiency can cause intestinal ulcers and bleeding, eye or reproductive problems..
What is vitamin E for dogs good for?
Vitamin E can help improve the condition of dogs that are in situations such as the following:
- In supplements along with other elements such as selenium, contributes to liver care in dogs with chronic liver failure, poisoning or chemotherapy treatments. It would help, in particular, to the regeneration of liver cells, improving symptoms. It is recommended in these cases to combine several antioxidants and increase the dose of vitamin E, since it is a situation in which the absorption of this vitamin will be diminished.
- Another indicated use are joint problems. In its role as an antioxidant, vitamin E helps reduce oxidative damage to cartilage. Thus, it is included among the substances that could slow the progression of arthritis.
- In addition, vitamin E can also participate in solutions for topical use with the aim of repair, protect and regenerate damaged tissues. Thus, we can also find it as an ingredient in skin and coat care products..
Vitamin E dosage for dogs
First of all, the main source of vitamin E for dogs has to be food. If we choose one quality diet adapted to your conditions and your life stage, we will cover your nutritional needs. On the other hand, if it seems to us that our dog needs vitamin E despite receiving a good diet, before supplementing on our own we must consult with the vet. This professional, if he considers that our dog needs an additional supply of vitamin E, will indicate in what dose.
This will depend on the weight of the dog and the prescribed presentation, since each manufacturer will give recommended parameters for use. Vitamin E for dogs can be found, basically, in tablets, injectable solutions or for topical use, usually in products that also include other components. In the latter case, it can be purchased as a spray, which facilitates its application, just like shampoo. If these products are for the regular use of healthy dogs, we can use them according to the manufacturer's recommendations. On the other hand, if our dog has a skin problem or the shampoo with vitamin E is to treat a dermatological pathology, both its use and the frequency of use must follow the guidelines given by the veterinarian.
How to give vitamin E to a dog
A quality diet is the best way to provide the dog with the vitamin E it needs. If the veterinarian considers it, he will prescribe a vitamin E supplement in one of the formats that we have indicated. On the other hand, there are foods with vitamin E for dogs that can be introduced into the diet in a controlled manner. For example:
- Vegetable oils such as sunflower, rapeseed or, to a lesser extent, olive.
- Nuts such as walnuts, hazelnuts or almonds.
- Fish such as pomfret, salmon or sardine.
- Avocado pulp.
- Vegetables like broccoli, chard, or spinach.
Side effects of vitamin E for dogs
As we pointed out at the beginning, fat-soluble vitamins like E have the ability to be stored in the body. That is, a high dose will not be eliminated as easily from the body as the water-soluble ones, which are excreted in the urine, do. The excess vitamins receives the name of hypervitaminosis and can cause symptoms, hence the importance of not supplementing without a veterinary prescription.
On the other hand, when vitamin E is administered injected, a reaction may appear at the point of inoculation, which will disappear spontaneously, or an abscess. In rarer cases, an allergic reaction could be triggered.