Can a dog be vegan or vegetarian?

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Vegetarian and vegan diets are currently on the rise. Every day more people consider taking this type of diet for ethical or health reasons. In addition, vegans and vegetarians who have dogs or cats as pets may find themselves faced with the moral dilemma of whether a dog can be vegan or vegetarian.

If you want to know more about this aspect or even want your dog to wear one vegetarian or vegan diet, continue reading this AnimalWised article to increase your knowledge and solve all your doubts.

You may also be interested in: Can a cat be vegetarian or vegan? Index
  1. Dog feeding
  2. The vegetarian or vegan diet for dogs
  3. Vegan diets and dog health
  4. Can a cat be vegan or vegetarian?

Dog feeding

Like their ancestors, dogs are animals facultative carnivores and not omnivores. This means that you can eat vegetables, but your diet should be based on animal protein. There are two great pieces of evidence that support this claim:

  1. Teething: In the dog, as in the rest of carnivores, we find that the incisors are miniscule in size compared to other teeth, the fangs are very large to cut and tear and the premolars and molars are reduced and placed in rows with very sharp crest shape. On the other hand, in omnivores, the incisors are more similar in size to the rest of the teeth, they have flat molars and premolars that help to grind and grind food and the fangs are not as large as in carnivores..
  2. The length of the intestineOmnivores have a long intestine, with different specializations that help it process a wide variety of foods. Having a long intestine falls back on the need to break down certain plant compounds such as cellulose. Carnivores like dogs have a very short intestine.

In nature, a wild dog not only feeds on the meat of its prey, but also consumes bones, internal organs and intestines (normally loaded with plant material ingested by the prey). So we must not make the mistake of feeding our dog exclusively with muscle-based meat.

The vegetarian or vegan diet for dogs

¿Have you ever wondered what the dogs of some vegans or vegetarians eat? As for humans, vegetarian diet for dogs is based on products of plant origin, although it can also include foods of animal origin such as eggs or dairy products. Instead, a vegan diet does not accept any product of animal origin.

I think vegan or vegetarian for dogs

If you want your dog to carry out this type of diet, as would happen with any other diet change, we must make a progressive diet change, as well as consult a vet to make sure we make the change correctly.

It is best to start by gradually replacing your feed with a I think vegan or vegetarian for dogs that we can find in the market. As usual, the I think that selections must comply one hundred percent with the energy needs of your pet, age, activity and health status. Of course, it is not advisable to make any changes in the diet if our pet suffers from any ailment.

Once the dog has fully accepted the new feed, we can go further and start feeding it with vegetarian / vegan wet food to finish basing its diet on natural and fresh products.

Vegan or vegetarian recipes for dogs

If you want him to eat homemade vegetarian dog food, here is a list of vegetables, fruits and other supplements that you can use to prepare his food:


  • Carrot
  • Yuca (always cooked)
  • Tomato (only ripe)
  • Celery
  • Pumpkin
  • Cucumber
  • Pepper
  • Zucchini
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Artichoke
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Potato (cooked and not abused)
  • Green bean
  • Chard
  • Sweet potato (cooked and not abused)


  • Apple
  • Raspberry
  • Pear
  • Cantaloupe
  • Citrus
  • Plum
  • grenade
  • Coconut
  • Peach
  • Watermelon
  • Pineapple
  • Blueberries
  • Cherry
  • Papaya
  • Khaki
  • Apricot
  • Mango
  • Kiwi
  • Nectarine
  • Custard apple
  • Strawberry
  • FIG
  • Medlar


  • Natural yogurt (without sugar)
  • Kefir
  • Seaweed
  • Devil's Claw
  • Bee products
  • Apple vinager
  • Beer yeast
  • Vegetable oils
  • Parsley
  • Oregano
  • Milk thistle
  • aloe vera
  • Ginger
  • Cumin
  • Thyme
  • Rosemary
  • Echinacea
  • Basil
  • Dandelion

Vegan diets and dog health

Genomic studies Recent reports reveal that dogs have a digestive system adapted to diets rich in carbohydrates. This contradicts other studies that show that a plant-based diet increases the probability of pancreas problems, since this organ is responsible for releasing enzymes to digest these types of molecules.

To this day, many veterinarians use vegetarian diets for some ailments of dogs, but always for a limited time and under strict clinical control. Additionally, vegan soy-based dog diets have been shown to increase the likelihood of skin problems..

Many other studies do not reveal health problems in dogs that follow this type of diet. For example, scientist Semp from the University of Vienna conducted a study of 174 dogs. Their respective owners fed them for six months with commercial vegan feed or vegan homemade dog food. At the end of the study, no dog had developed any health problems, on the contrary, many of them improved certain dermatological problems. Another good example is the study conducted by Brown at the University of New England, which showed that a carefully balanced, meat-free diet can maintain normal hematological values ​​in exercising dogs..

As always, if we want to make any type of change in our pet's diet, we must first talk to a vet and keep a check on the animal's health through visits to the veterinarian and regular analysis to check your general health.

Can a cat be vegan or vegetarian?

Many people ask this same question of other companion animals that are, by nature, carnivores, such as the cat. If you also have a feline and you wonder if a cat can be vegan or vegetarian, then visit our article: ¿Can a cat be vegetarian or vegan?

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