Types of foxes - Names and photos

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All foxes belong to the family Canidae, so they are closely related to other canids, like dogs, jackals or wolves. Depending on the place on the planet they inhabit, their morphology and appearance change, as well as their behavior, although in general they have similar characteristics..

¿You want to know what types of foxes exist, where do they live and how do they behave? Continue reading this AnimalWised article, you will discover fascinating curiosities.

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  1. Fox characteristics
  2. How many types of foxes are there?
  3. Common fox or red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
  4. Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)
  5. Swift fox (Vulpes velox)
  6. Desert fox (Vulpes zerda)
  7. Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
  8. Kit fox (Vulpes macrotis)

Fox characteristics

Foxes are quite intelligent animals. They have a morphology that allows them to be good hunters, fast and effective, in addition, in times of famine they do not hesitate to take advantage of the bodies of dead animals they find, they have even been seen eating human waste, so they are opportunistic animals. They can hunt prey larger than they, but their preferred food is rodents. They can also eat wild fruits or insects. Are from nocturnal habits, so that they go into activity at nightfall.

Physically, all types of foxes are similar to dogs, but they have behavioral characteristics that differentiate them from them. For example, foxes they don't bark and dogs do. On the other hand, they are lonely animals, unlike dogs or other canids that live in packs.

The greatest threat to foxes is humans, who hunt them for their fur, entertainment or to control, supposedly, the population.

How many types of foxes are there?

¿How many kinds of fox are there in the world? The truth is that throughout history they have been discovered more than 20 kinds of foxes different, although some of them are already extinct. Thus, according to data provided by The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [1], there are currently around 13 species, some of them still unknown. However, below we will talk about the 6 most prominent types of foxes and investigated.

Common fox or red fox (Vulpes vulpes)

The red fox or common fox is the most popular of the fox species. It is named after its reddish-orange fur which, on occasions, may appear brown. The fur industry has been the reason why the red fox has been hunted and hunted for so many years.

They have one near global distribution. We can find them throughout the northern hemisphere, in mountains, plains, forests, beaches and even deserts or frozen areas. In the southern hemisphere we can also see specimens, but not as many as in the north. In the 19th century, they were introduced to Australia and to this day they continue to thrive there, being a problem for the local fauna..

They are animals lonely, that only come together during the reproductive season that takes place during the winter months. The raising of the children is carried out by both parents, the male being in charge of bringing food to the female.

This type of fox in captivity can reach 15 years, however, in the wild only lives 2 or 3 years.

Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)

The arctic fox is known for its spectacular winter coat, of an immaculate white. As a curious fact about this type of fox, we can say that the color of its coat turns brown during the warm months, when the snow melts and the earth surfaces..

They are distributed throughout the North Pole, from Canada to Siberia, being one of the few animals that survive at such low temperatures. Your body is prepared to maintain body heat, thanks to its thick skin and very thick hair covering even the foot pads.

Because there are few animals where this fox lives, it makes the most of any resource. It is able to hunt the animals that live under the snow without even seeing them. Their most common prey are lemmings, but they can also eat seals or fish.

The breeding season lasts practically the whole year, except for the months of July and August. These animals are also lonely, but once a couple mates for the first time they will always do so every season, until one of the two dies, constituting one of the most faithful animals to their partner.

Swift fox (Vulpes velox)

The speedy fox may slightly remind us of the red fox, since its fur is also orange, but of a more brownish tone. In addition, it has some black and yellow spots, its body is lighter and it is of small size, similar to a cat.

It is distributed throughout North America, both the United States and Canada. It is an animal of the desert and plains, where it develops very well. The breeding season includes the winter months and part of the spring. It is the females who defend a territory and the males visit these territories only during the mating season; once the offspring are independent the male will leave.

Life expectancy in the wild is somewhat higher than that of other foxes, being approximately 6 years.

Desert fox (Vulpes zerda)

The desert fox, also known as fennec fox, has a very characteristic face, with very small eyes and exaggeratedly large ears. This anatomy is a consequence of the place where it lives, the deserts. Large ears allow for greater internal heat release and body cooling to maintain optimal body temperature. It is a very light beige or cream color, which serves to blend in well with its environment..

It is distributed throughout the north of Africa, inhabiting the Sahara desert, we can also find them in Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Like the rest of the types of foxes that exist, it has nocturnal habits, it feeds on rodents, insects and birds. You can drink, but you don't need it, since it gets all the water it needs from its prey.

It reproduces during the months of March and April, and the parental care of the young is carried out by both the female and the male.

Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)

Despite their name, these foxes they are not gray, its coat alternates black and white hairs that give the appearance of gray. In addition, behind his ears we can see a reddish tone. It is one of the largest species of fox.

They are distributed throughout almost the entire American continent, from Canada to Venezuela. One of the most striking characteristics of this species of fox is that can climb trees thanks to its strong and sharp claws. In addition, can swim. These two qualities give the gray fox a great capacity for hunting. In this way, it tends to chase its prey for long distances, driving them towards the water, where it will be easier to hunt them..

The breeding season is centered in the warmest months of the year. When two gray foxes mate they will mate for life.

Kit fox (Vulpes macrotis)

The fox kit have a look somewhat different from the rest of types of foxes. It has a very thin and slender body, reddish-gray in color, with a black tail tip and large ears. Is the smallest species of fox.

It is distributed by arid prairie areas of the southwestern United States and Mexico. A curiosity about this fox is that it is an animal both night and day, so it has a greater variety of prey than other species of foxes that only feed at night.

Their breeding season is centered in the months of October and November. In this species, the breeding pair can mate for several years in a row or change each season. The female will take care of and feed the cubs, while the male is in charge of getting the food..

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