Doberman types

Animal file: Doberman pinscher

The Doberman is a breed of dog of powerful bearing and excellent capabilities. Although it is well known, the truth is that doubts still circulate about the types of Dobermans that exist, as well as myths around their character.

In this AnimalWised article we will give the keys to this breed of dog and we will explain, according to the International Cynological Federation and the American Kennel Club, what the types of doberman what can we find if we are interested in adopting a specimen.

You may also be interested in: Types of pinscher Index
  1. Basic characteristics of the Doberman
  2. Types of Dobermans according to the International Cynological Federation
  3. Types of Dobermans according to the American Kennel Club
  4. Characteristics of the European Doberman
  5. Characteristics of the American Doberman
  6. Differences between the European Doberman and the American Doberman

Basic characteristics of the Doberman

Dobermans are dogs of German origin whose name comes from the surname of who is considered their first breeder, Friederich Dobermann, who started the development program of these dogs in the 19th century. I was looking for an animal that offer protection, being at the same time loving character. The result was the Doberman, with such excellent qualities that it could also have been a police working dog..

Of size medium-large, Strong, well-muscled body and elegant lines, the Doberman has turned out to be a noble dog, suitable for both company and work. Although his appearance can be intimidating to some people and is even considered among the potentially dangerous dogs, the truth is that the Doberman is a dog of kind nature and very attached to his family. Well cared for and encouraged, he will be peaceful and docile. But, ¿Are there different types of Dobermans? If yes, ¿How many types of Dobermans are there? We explain everything in the following sections.

Types of Dobermans according to the International Cynological Federation

The FCI includes the Doberman in group 2, dedicated to pinscher and schnauzer-type dogs, molossians, and Swiss mountain and cattle-type dogs. In addition to establishing the breed standard, that is, the set of characteristics that purebred Dobermans must meet, it speaks, not of types, but of varieties. The difference between them is in the color.

Thus, it opens the possibility that dogs of this breed are black or brown with rust red and fire marks located in the following places:

  • Snout.
  • Cheeks.
  • Eyebrows.
  • Throat.
  • Chest
  • Metacarpals.
  • Metatarsals.
  • Feet.
  • Inner thighs.
  • Perineal and iliac areas.

White spots are disqualifying.

Types of Dobermans according to the American Kennel Club

For its part, the AKC also has a standard for the Doberman breed. This has led to the existence of two types of doberman: the European Doberman, collected by the FCI, and the American Doberman, standardized by the AKC.

There are some differences between the two, as we will see in the next section. For the moment we can point out that, in terms of colors, the american association admits:

  • Black.
  • Red.
  • Blue.
  • Beige or Isabella.

It also allows rust marks on:

  • Eyes.
  • Snout.
  • Throat.
  • Ledge.
  • Legs.
  • Feet.
  • Under the tail.

It also accepts a white spot on the chest, as long as it is small.

Characteristics of the European Doberman

First of all, starting with physical appearance, the European Doberman is considered somewhat less stylized and rougher in shape. But it is also claimed that he has a greater instinct for protection and a stronger temperament.

Although there are some clearly observable physical differences with little attention, the biggest change between the Doberman types is going to be in the character, being the most balanced european. As these differences are not limited to the aesthetic field, it is important to take them into account when deciding to adopt one or the other dog..

This differentiation may be due to the requirement or not of the work test for the reproduction of specimens. In Europe it is mandatory, while it is not mandatory in the United States. With the work test, the temperament of the animal can be assessed. It is noted if this is balanced, but also the aptitude to work, as well as the skills in the social field. In the United States, the AKC accepts a simple online registration with the only requirement that the parents of the puppy be previously registered there. Therefore, if you are looking for a Doberman participate in tests and activities, the ideal will be the European one, although it also requires a more experienced caregiver.

Finally, due to the different breeding programs, it must be taken into account that the most common genetic diseases may differ. For example, the European Doberman has more eye disorders. On the other hand, von Willebrand disease and hypothyroidism are common in both types.

Characteristics of the American Doberman

The American Doberman Pinscher has been selected with a focus on aesthetics and ease of handling. Is more stylized And it's not exactly notable for its drive toward protection, defense, or work. In other words, the working dog qualities that have been attributed to the Doberman since its inception in Europe are, so to speak, blurred in the American dog, which will not be the most suitable for developing, for example, a dog job. defense or participate in dog tests.

In general, it is common for more shy, even becoming skittish, which can pose a problem in coexistence if the dog always reacts with fear to new situations and elements. Now the American Doberman can be very good family dog, as, as a company, you do not need to excel in protection or work activities and it may even be easier to handle if it does not require as much stimulation as the European type. If this is the first time you are considering adopting a Doberman, we encourage you to read this other article about ¿How to train a Doberman?

Regarding health, Wobbler syndrome and skin and hair problems seem to affect the American specimens more. In the next section we summarize the most important differences between the types of Dobermans..

Differences between the European Doberman and the American Doberman

These are the keys to differentiate the types of European and American Dobermans:

European Doberman

Some of the most outstanding characteristics of the European Doberman are:

  • The European Doberman is somewhat less stylized and of rougher shapes.
  • Has a greater instinct for protection and a stronger temperament.
  • The European is selected based on his qualities for the job, less present in the American.
  • For work or sports activities, the European is considered more suitable.
  • The European requires a more experienced caregiver.
  • Has a higher risk of suffering from eye disorders.

American Doberman

Among the characteristics of the American Doberman, the following stand out:

  • The American Doberman is easier to handle by not requiring as much stimulation.
  • These tend to be more timid, compared to a greater balance of the European type.
  • The American is more thought of as a family dog.
  • Wobbler syndrome and skin and coat problems would affect American specimens more.

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