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Keeping our dog clean it is critical to ensuring your overall health and well-being. During walks, they tend to wallow, play with other dogs, jump and, in general, undergo factors that cause dirt on their fur, the appearance of tangles in long-haired dogs, etc. In addition to bathing them following the veterinarian's instructions, we must be constant with brushing their hair in order to remove added dirt, keep it soft and silky..
Depending on the breed and type of hair of our dog, we must follow some brushing techniques or others. ¿You know the types of dog brushes? To prevent you from selecting the wrong one and turning this very pleasant moment for him into his worst nightmare, at AnimalWised we show you the best brushes and combs according to the type of coat..You may also be interested in: Brushes for long-haired cats Index
- Choose the brush according to the type of hair
- Short Haired Dog Brushes
- Brushes for medium-haired dogs
- Brushes for long-haired dogs
- Water Dog Brushes
- Other brushes to remove dead dog hair
- Anti-flea and anti-lice brushes for dogs
- Tips for brushing your dog correctly
Choose the brush according to the type of hair
As we mentioned, depending on the type of hair of our dog we must use a brush or another. Likewise, the assiduity with which we will have to brush our dog's coat will also depend on its length, thickness and amount of loss. Well, there are dog breeds with a greater tendency to shed their fur than others that, on the contrary, do not shed hair..
After the ride time, the coat brushing It is one of the best moments of the day for our dog. If we do it properly, we will provide you with a state of relaxation and satisfaction while removing the dirt accumulated on your mantle, undoing the tangles that may have been caused and keeping the health of your skin in perfect condition. However, a poor choice of brush or not knowing how to brush the hair can lead to a really uncomfortable and very unpleasant moment for our dog..
In general, we differentiate three types of hair: short, medium and long. Each of them requires a specific type of brush and brushing times. Let's see below which combs we must acquire to comb our dog according to whether it has short, medium or long hair.
Short Haired Dog Brushes
Short-haired dogs require much lighter coat care. As they have a very thin coat, they do not need more than two or three brushings a week. Of course, within the breeds considered short hair, there are different measurements and characteristics of the hair that will stipulate whether we should perform two or three weekly hairstyles. For example, the Chihuahua, despite being a dog with short fur, tends to lose a large amount of it and, therefore, will need more brushing than a Dalmatian or a Boxer, who do not lose as much hair.
Dogs with this type of hair need brushes that are limited to remove excess hair, as they do not have the possibility of accumulating tangles or excessive dirt. So we will need to buy a rubber bristle brush, rubber mitten or card, to avoid damaging the skin of our dog and pulling hairs that we should not. Likewise, it is very easy to clean and maintain in perfect condition. This type of brushes for short-haired dogs allow dead fur to adhere to them easily while we massage the animal gently and pleasantly..
On the other hand, and although it may be strange, another utensil to take into account when combing dogs with the shorter coat is the pumice stone. This product captures dead fur without problems and is therefore a perfect complement to the brush. Of course, it is necessary to always pass the stone in favor of the hair and very gently to avoid damaging the skin. In addition, we will avoid areas without hair or with a very thin layer.
Brushes for medium-haired dogs
Medium-haired dogs such as the American Akita or the Golden Retriever, which have more coat than the previous ones, require a minimum of four brushings a week. If we have enough time to brush their hair once a day, our furry companion will thank us and we will keep the house clean in harmony.
As we have a longer, thicker and denser coat than the short hair, we will need to buy a fine metal bristle brush and gaskets, known by many as a card or racket, to be able to remove all the accumulated dead hair. Of course, paying attention to the shape of their tips, since they must be rounded to avoid damaging the animal's skin or pulling out healthy hair. These dogs tend to lose a lot of hair, so if we do not remove it, it will accumulate and spread throughout the house..
If our dog has medium hair and, in addition, thick and dense, we recommend going to the next section because extra care will be necessary, explained below.
Brushes for long-haired dogs
Long-haired dogs are the ones that require the most attention in terms of caring for their fur, since they tend to present tangles, accumulate dirt and, most, to lose a large amount of hair. It should be noted that this group not only includes dogs with a visibly very long coat, such as the Afghan greyhound, but also those dogs with thick, double-coated hair, such as the German shepherd. In this way, although our dog has a hair considered medium, if it is dense, hard or thick, it is advisable to follow the recommendations given in this section.
We will have to brush every day The hair of our dog if it is long or tends to lose a large amount, after each walk. However, from AnimalWised we recommend that you combine daily brushing at home with a dog grooming session a month, or a month and a half, following the specialist's instructions..
Being dogs with a longer or dense coat and, therefore, special hair needs, it will be necessary to acquire two different types of brushes, one to comb, brush and remove dead hair, and another to detangle when necessary..
To brush and style
For dogs with a longer coat and also delicate skin, such as Yorkshire, we will need to buy a double sided brush, with rounded bristles on one side and harder synthetic hair on the other. Thus, we can first pass the part of the round bristles, comb the coat very carefully and remove dead hair, and then the other side to provide softness and shine.
For long-haired dogs with thicker and less delicate fur, we can first use a metal bristle brush or card like the one we use for medium hair in order to comb and remove dirt easily. Of course, as you have more hair, you must do it very carefully so as not to damage the animal with jerks.
As you have seen, the two types of brushes for dogs mentioned are used to brush and comb the animal, not to detangle. For this purpose, we will opt for a brush or rake comb, specially designed to undo knots and tangles. This type of brush is preferable to use on dogs with rather thick hair, those with the thinnest coat and the most delicate skin can be damaged.
In addition to removing tangles, the rake helps retain dead fur located close to the skin. Dogs with thick hair tend to retain dead fur much more than other dogs, especially during shedding times, so this type of comb is really useful to remove it. In this way, as we said, in addition to using the metal card, we recommend using the rake despite not having a very long coat.
Water Dog Brushes
Finally, it is worth differentiating the coat of water dogs, characterized by a curly and very dense coat. Dogs such as poodles, poodles, bichon frize, etc., require a special comb very different from those seen in the previous sections. In order to detangle your hair without damaging or pulling it, remove dirt and keep it healthy and strong, we will need to buy a separate thick metal barbed comb, also called knot cutters.
We will have to brush them with this comb every day, after each walk, to avoid the formation of knots. Although they are dogs that do not tend to lose hair, they do tend to generate a large amount of tangles and accumulate mud, sand, etc. In this way, if you have a water dog and you notice that it loses a lot of hair, you should take it to the vet to examine it and find out if it has any nutritional deficiencies..
If the animal has knots that are very close to the skin and are difficult to undo, we will avoid using the knot cutter and will directly use a blunt tip scissors to cut it. In these cases, using this type of comb can cause pain and even injuries, so it is better to cut than to untangle.
Other brushes to remove dead dog hair
In addition to the brushes and combs mentioned in the previous sections, there is another type of brushes for dogs specially designed to remove dead fur. It is known as scraper brush, although the well-known brand FURminator has popularized the name and many identify it as "furminator ", despite being many companies that manufacture it.
The effectiveness of the scrub brush or furminator is truly amazing, since it is proven that it can remove up to 90% of dead hair. It is characterized by presenting a single row of very short, thin and close-fitting metal tines, showing a similar appearance to a rake. Since it is suitable for all types of hair, being ideally used in dogs with medium or long hair, we can find it in different sizes, also allowing us to choose the one that adapts to the size of the animal.
On the other hand, the escarpidor favors the dog's skin and provides shine and softness to the mantle. This is so because it has the ability to easily distribute the natural fat present in the dermis of dogs..
Anti-flea and anti-lice brushes for dogs
Sometimes, periodic brushing allows us to notice the presence of fleas or lice, as well as their trace. For this, we have a type of comb for dogs designed precisely with the aim of identifying the feces of these parasites and thus being able to proceed to apply the antiparasitic treatment stipulated by the veterinarian. These combs are characterized by presenting fine metal tines and joints between Yes to be able to drag and collect the feces. They are suitable for all types of fur and should be used by passing them through the coat with care and patience to avoid pulling.
Once the sample is collected, we will check if it really is parasite feces or dirt. ¿How? Very simple, placing the sample on a gauze and applying a little alcohol. If the sample turns red, it is feces, while if no change is observed, it is dirt.
If the presence of parasites is confirmed, carefully examine the skin of the animal to determine if it is fleas or lice and do not forget to go to the specialist. More information in the following articles:
- Eliminate fleas from your dog
- Lice in Dogs - Symptoms and Treatment
Tips for brushing your dog correctly
First of all, it is important to highlight hygiene of dog brushes. Regardless of the type selected, it is essential to establish a routine and wash them periodically to prevent them from accumulating dirt and damaging the animal's coat..
Now, when it comes to brushing the dog's hair, we recommend doing it always in the direction of the mantle. On the other hand, in long-haired dogs, we can first moisten the coat with a conditioner or special product for them and, after brushing, dry it.
If your dog is restless or nervous, try to relax him first with massages and, above all, try to connect the brushes and the moment with positive stimuli. Forcing the dog to stay still while you brush him will only cause him more fear and rejection, so it can even trigger an aggressive attitude if he feels very threatened. And if you do not know how to handle the situation, do not hesitate to go to a qualified and trusted dog groomer.