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The anaphylactic shock in cats It is one of the most common veterinary emergencies, however, it must be treated correctly and promptly to avoid putting the feline's health at risk. But, ¿what is anaphylactic shock in cats? It consists of a severe allergic reaction, in which the body releases a large number of inflammatory mediators in the presence of external agents or substances that the body considers a threat.
The most common symptoms of anaphylactic shock in cats are swelling, inflammation or shortness of breath, but there are many more, which we will mention in more detail below..
It is essential that any tutor is adequately informed about this pathology, since rapid action is key to being able to treat it effectively. Let us remember that the anaphylaxis It can affect any species, regardless of sex or age. Next, at AnimalWised, we show you everything you need to know:You may also be interested in: Anaphylactic shock in dogs - Symptoms and treatment Index
- Causes of anaphylactic shock in cats
- Symptoms of anaphylactic shock in cats
- What to do if a cat has anaphylactic shock?
- Treatment of anaphylactic shock in cats
- Is it possible to prevent anaphylactic shock in cats?
Causes of anaphylactic shock in cats
Any cat is susceptible to anaphylactic shock and it can occur for a variety of reasons. One of the most common causes is the vaccination of the cat, therefore, veterinarians recommend always supervise the animal after the injection, even before leaving the clinic.
Other causes of anaphylactic shock in cats are:
- Insect bites
- Administration of antibiotics or certain drugs
- Ingestion of certain substances or foods
However, a risk factor to consider is allergy in cats, as well as the constant exposure to allergens (substances that trigger an allergic reaction).
Symptoms of anaphylactic shock in cats
Acute allergic reactions are common in felines, even if they do not have access to the outdoors. But also, if we let the allergy progress, then anaphylactic shock can occur in cats.
Some of the symptoms of anaphylaxis in cats they are:
- At the beginning of the reaction the cat will be nervous.
- May present hypersalivation.
- There will be swelling in the face, eyes, lips...
- If it has occurred due to an insect bite, inflammation of the affected area will be observed.
- You may have difficulty breathing, which will cause you to stretch your neck and keep your mouth open, caused by a possible contraction of the bronchi and pulmonary edema.
- You may have diarrhea and vomiting.
- Blood pressure drops, a symptom that should alert us.
- The cat will present weakness, due to the collapse.
- Can occur death of the feline if it is not treated in time.
If you have observed one or more of the symptoms in your cat don't wait to go to your vet, it is essential to prevent the reaction from progressing. It may happen that the animal does not present all the symptoms.
What to do if a cat has anaphylactic shock?
Anaphylactic shock is severe and progressive, so you should go immediately to the vet. Do not wait for the next day or self-medicate your cat without first going to a professional, this veterinary emergency is serious and can put your cat's life at risk.
Likewise, it is highly recommended to avoid stress in the face of anaphylactic shock, so we advise you to stay calm and put it in a carrier gently to go to a veterinary center urgently.
Treatment of anaphylactic shock in cats
There are no home remedies that you can put into practice to treat anaphylactic shock in your cat, however, it may be interesting to know the treatment that the veterinarian will carry out to be well informed. Likewise, we must bear in mind that the treatment will depend directly on the severity of the case, the patient's age, weight, cause or location among others.
Generally, after confirming the diagnosis of anphylactic shock in cats, use of antihistamines Y corticosteroids fast acting. The stinger may also need to be removed if the shock is due to a bee sting, and in other cases it may be required antibiotic therapy.
Patient supervision will be maintained for as long as necessary, until symptoms subside and the body returns to normal. Depending on the severity of the condition, the vet may prescribe additional oral medications.
If the anaphylaxis the treatment will be more delicate, as it requires cat hospitalization for intensive care. Your vet will likely order a variety of diagnostic tests, such as chest X-rays or blood tests. Intubation to perform intravenous medication. Oxygen therapy and fluid therapy are also common. The vet will tell us how long it will be necessary to hospitalize the cat before returning home.
Is it possible to prevent anaphylactic shock in cats?
While there are some general tips we can follow, it is not always possible to prevent anaphylactic shock in cats. Still, take note of the following tips:
- Avoid exposing your cat to allergens.
- If your cat is allergic to the bite of some insects, go to your veterinary clinic so that the specialist prescribes a drug that you can apply in case of a bite, in this way you can prevent the anaphylactic shosk from progressing until you can go to a center veterinary health.
- If your cat has an intolerance or allergy to certain foods, you should consult with your veterinarian about the option of carrying out an elimination diet.
Remember: anaphylactic shock in cats is a serious health problem, It can cause the death of your cat if it does not receive urgent veterinary assistance. Before the appearance of one or more symptoms mentioned in this article, do not hesitate, visit the professional.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.