See Dogs files
Currently there are the following sizes to classify a breed: giant, large, medium or standard, dwarf or small and toy and miniature. There has also been discussion about the approval or not of the size known as "teacup dogs". It is very common to confuse a dwarf dog with a toy dog, for this reason, it is important to note that the International Cynological Federation (FCI), as well as other international canine organizations, consider that toy dogs are those that weigh as maximum 3 kg. However, as we will see below, it is not always easy to classify a dog as miniature or dwarf..
If you are interested in adopting any of the mini toy dog breeds, don't miss this AnimalWised article, where we will show you some of the main dog breeds considered miniature or toy, as well as other lesser-known hybrids.You may also be interested in: Dwarf dog breeds Index
- Yorkshire terrier
- Prague Mouse
- Toy poodle
- Miniature english bull terrier
- Maltese bichon
- Bichon bolognese
- Italian Greyhound
- Other miniature or toy dogs
One of the most popular small dog breeds is the Yorkshire Terrier. As an adult, its maximum size is around 3 kg, although there have been cases of yorkshires up to 7 kg. This mini toy dog is characterized by having a beautiful medium-long brown and silver gray coat, which is also smooth, fine and very silky. On the other hand, it is a dog easy to care for and educate, making it perfect for first-time tutors.
As a curiosity, ¿did you know that in the 19th century the lower class used the yorkshire terrier to hunt rats? And it's no wonder, as these dogs are vigilant and alert by nature, hence why they typically bark so much. However, they are extremely loving and overprotective for his family.
Another of the most popular miniature toy dogs is, without a doubt, the Chihuahua. This tiny breed comes from Mexico, specifically from the State of Chihuahua, where it was found for the first time and was domesticated by the indigenous people in the time of the Toltec civilization. To this day, we can find different types of Chihuahua, which can arrive despite 1.5 to 4 kg, depending on the breed.
As a general rule, it is a dog very territorial and possessive with its owners, whom it will defend, if necessary, regardless of its small size. However, with a good education we can get a very affectionate and sweet dog for their loved ones. To properly educate your dog and thus avoid harmful behaviors for your coexistence or with other dogs, we recommend you consult this other AnimalWised article on Tips for educating dogs.
The Prague Mouse, also known as the Prague Buzzard, is a breed of mini toy dog whose weight is usually around the 1.5 and 3.5 kg, although its ideal weight is 2.6 kg. Physically, it is characterized, above all, by the colors of its fur: black and tan; although there are other varieties of accepted colors, such as blue and chocolate, chocolate and black, lilac, chocolate, red and merlé. In addition, it is one of the dogs that shed the least hair..
As for his character, he stands out for being a very loving, obedient, active and intelligent which creates strong emotional ties with their owners. On the other hand, ¿Did you know that in the former Czech Republic the Prague mouse was considered a social status symbol? At that time, it was a very popular breed of dog among the monarchy and the nobility. In fact, ¡they even took them to aristocratic parties!
The toy poodle or toy poodle, as it is also known, is one of the most popular and appreciated dogs due to its good character and adorable appearance. Currently there are 4 variants of poodle: the large or standard, the medium, the dwarf or mini poodle and the toy or toy poodle. In the case of the toy poodle, it is a breed of less than 28 centimeters across that, as an adult, weighs between 2 and 2.5 kg.
The toy poodle is a very obedient, active and intelligent, which makes it an easy dog to train and educate. Without going any further, according to Stanley Coren, the poodle is the most intelligent dog in the world.
The papillon, also called a dwarf spaniel or butterfly dog, due to the appearance of its ears, is another of the most popular mini toy dogs. The papillon is about 23 centimeters across and can weigh between 1 and 5 kg, depending on the dog and the size of its parents, which is why it is sometimes also considered a breed of dwarf dog.
Like the Prague mouse, in the 16th century, the papillon gained great popularity after various artists portrayed it in their paintings. Such was its success that the papillon came to be considered a royalty dog. In fact, it is said that even Marie Antoinette had a papillon.
Miniature english bull terrier
As we said above, some dogs are difficult to classify. This is the case of the miniature English bull terrier, which, as its name suggests, is the toy variety of the English bull terrier. However, it must be borne in mind that it is a very muscular dog, so, despite measuring between 30 and 35 centimeters, can weigh between 9 and 16 kg.
Like the Yorkshire, the mini-sized bull terrier emerged in the 19th century in order to hunt and kill rats, a strange sport in which bets were made. Luckily, in Victorian times this activity came to an end.
Another of the most popular toy dog breeds today, especially in European countries, is the Pomeranian, a small dog with lion look. With a weight of between 1.8 and 2.5 kg, the Pomeranian is characterized by having a long and silky coat and for being a hypoallergenic dog.
Formerly, the Pomeranian weighed about 23 kg and was used as a cattle dog and, later, as a sled dog. Later, it became popular in ancient Greece and Rome, especially among the ladies of the high aristocracy. It was at that time that it was decided to make a selective breeding to get a smaller dog with a noble character. This is how the Pomeranian we know today arose.
The Maltese is another of the smallest dogs in the world, weighing about 3 kg. With a cheerful and funny character, the Maltese is a dog very affectionate with their owners. In fact, it is a dog that needs constant company..
Although the exact origins of the Maltese are unknown, we do know that in Egypt it was a highly revered breed. At the grave of Ramses II, for example, stone statuettes in the shape of today's Maltese have been found.
With a similar appearance to the toy poodle and the Maltese, the Bolognese is another of the best-known mini toy dogs. With less than 4 kg in weight and barely 30 centimeters tall, the Bolognese is characterized by having a pure white coat, an arched tail and long, tufted hair.
As a curious fact, in ancient times, the Bolognese Bichon was a highly appreciated breed among the nobility and the monarchy. In fact, between the 15th and 16th centuries, Felipe II considered it "the most majestic gift that can be given to an emperor." Currently, he is employed as a show dog.
Also known as Italian greyhound, the little Italian greyhound is a slender and proportionate breed of dog of small size, being one of the 5 smallest dogs in the world. Their appearance remember the spanish greyhounds, however, the Italian greyhound is considerably smaller than the greyhound, measuring between 32 and 38 centimeters at the withers and weighing, at times, less than 4 kg. The largest specimens, meanwhile, can reach 5 kg.
¿Did you know that the Italian Greyhound is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world? Fossils and paintings of the Italian greyhound from 3,000 BC have been found. In addition, evidence has been found that they accompanied the Egyptian pharaohs more than 6,000 years ago. Like other mini toy dog breeds, the miniature greyhound was also highly prized by nobles and kings for centuries, especially in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance..
Other miniature or toy dogs
In addition to the aforementioned, we leave you a list of other dog breeds that can be considered toy or miniature:
- Chinese crested.
- Yorkie poo.
- Miniature pinscher.
- Teddy roosevelt terrier.