Breeds of Spanish dogs

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In the world there are hundreds of breeds of dogs, each of them with characteristics and peculiarities in terms of appearance, size or character. According to the RSCE (Royal Canine Society of Spain) there are 23 Spanish dog breeds, although other federations recognize up to 40 as natives of the country.

In this AnimalWised article we will review the Spanish breeds of dogs endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, explaining in a general way what they are like, the most notable details about their character and a photograph so that you learn to identify them. ¡You can not lose this!

You may also be interested in: Differences between a Spanish and Portuguese water dog Index
  1. Spanish greyhound
  2. Canary hound
  3. Valencian Podenco
  4. Ibizan Hound
  5. Andalusian hound
  6. Handle
  7. Spanish water dog
  8. Spanish hound
  9. Navarrese Pachón
  10. Burgos Perdiguero
  11. Andalusian winemaker buzzard
  12. Valencian buzzard
  13. Majorcan buzzard
  14. Alano Spanish
  15. Pyrenean Mastiff
  16. Spanish Mastiff
  17. Presa canario
  18. Majorcan Dogo
  19. Catalan Shepherd Shepherd
  20. Majorero
  21. Garafian Shepherd Dog
  22. Leonese shepherd
  23. Basque Shepherd
  24. Mallorcan shepherd dog
  25. Can de Palleiro
  26. Villain of the Encartaciones

1. Spanish Greyhound

The spanish greyhound It stands out from all the greyhound breeds for its stylized appearance and, unfortunately, for the serious abuse it suffers in Spain. Annually, hundreds of greyhounds are abandoned and euthanized at the end of the hunting season or when they are of no use in greyhound racing. It therefore belongs to one of the fastest dog breeds in the world..

We are talking about an especially old dog, already known in ancient times, in fact, its origins date back to the second century BC. Like other breeds, it has undergone changes over the centuries until it reaches the characteristics that distinguish it today. Presents a body sleek, slim and strong. It has a short and smooth coat that comes in different shades, such as dark and light brown, black, white and reddish..

The care of the Spanish greyhound focuses on walks, exercise, rest and care of the coat, especially in cold climates, as it must be adequately protected. It is recognized by the FCI.

2. Canary Hound

The canary hound, endemic to the Canary Islands, it was traditionally used for rabbit hunt. It is considered to have excellent smell, as well as prodigious hearing and vision. It is a Spanish dog of big size, that reaches between 53 and 60 centimeters at the withers. It has a tight smooth coat, usually deep red with white spots. Their pointy ears. It is recognized by the FCI and the RSCE.

3. Valencian Podenco

The Valencian hound, As its name suggests, it is originally from the Community of Valencia. It is also known as "xarnego ". Like the Canary Hound, it is one of the Spanish dog breeds used for rabbit hunt. Currently, it stands out for being a very active dog.

It presents a short and smooth coat, with shades brown or tan combined with white, especially in abdomen and legs. It is not recognized by the FCI, however, the RSCE studies accepting it, having already made the standard proposal.

4. Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan hound, also known as "Ca Eivissenc ", it is native to the islands of Mallorca, Ibiza, Formentera and Menorca. It is a primitive dog that is suspected of having been introduced by the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians, and even the Romans. It was developed for hunting the rabbit without a shotgun, as well as for hunting larger game. It measures between 67 and 72 centimeters at the withers and has a prodigious sense of smell.

With regard to the coat, it can be short or long, but always smooth. The color of the coat varies, although shades fire mixed with white or the brindle distribution of these shades. It is recognized by the FCI.

5. Andalusian Hound

The Andalusian hound It is among the Spanish hunting dog breeds. It is characterized by having a medium height with pointed ears and an elongated muzzle. Regarding its coat, there are three clearly differentiated varieties: Sardinian type, which is long and hard, sedeño type, which is also long but silky, and smart type, which is short and fine. The usual colors are cinnamon, white and yellow. It is recognized by the RSCE since 1992.

6. Handle

The handle It is another of the Spanish dog breeds used for hunting rabbits, especially due to its size small, short legs and agile body. However, it performs better in areas with sparse and low vegetation, since its short limbs make it difficult for it to move in spaces with thick vegetation..

Is native of Andalusia and it is characterized by its short coat that appears in sandy or light brown tones. His character is friendly and he enjoys exercise. It is recognized only by the RSCE.

Image: www.caninacostadelsol.es

7. Spanish water dog

The spanish water dog It is a native breed from Cantabria, an area located in the north of Spain, although the largest populations are located in the south, in Andalusia. It is estimated that he descends from the old "Barbet " and for generations he has worked as sheepdog and collection dog, being, therefore, one of the most popular breeds of Spanish shepherd dogs.

It measures between 40 and 50 cm. at the withers and has an abundant, curly, woolly coat. They can be solid white, black or brown in different shades. They can also be bicolor, combining the aforementioned colors. The breed standard is recognized by the FCI.

8. Spanish hound

The spanish hound is a dog whose origins go back to XIV century, when it was used for hunting large and small, including wild boar, foxes, roe deer, deer, wolves and bears. It appears in the "Libro de la Montería " of King Alfonso XI and other classic authors. We are talking about a medium-sized dog with a short coat and a sad look. It measures between 48 and 57 cm. tall at the cross and his mantle is white and orange, although sometimes it can be white and lemon or white and tan. It is recognized by the FCI.

9. Pachón Navarrese

The pachón navarro It is a large sample dog, which usually reaches 60 cm at the withers and weighs approximately 30 kilograms. It is active character, it shows drooping ears and a short, tight, smooth coat. Generally, the coat combines white and orange, but it can also present brown tones. It is recognized by the RSCE.

Image: pachonnavarrodelcastillo.blogspot.com

10. Perdiguero de Burgos

The Burgos retriever It is a breed that stands out as pointer developed in Castilla y León. It stands out for being a strong dog, very obedient and especially calm. It is large in size, reaching between 59 and 67 cm at the withers, with dense, smooth and short hair, generally of white and liver color. This breed is recognized by the FCI.

11. Andalusian wine buzzard

The Andalusian winemaker buzzard It is a native breed of Andalusia, where it was developed for the eviction of mouse pests that were hiding in horse stables and warehouses, hence their name. Likewise, it was also frequently used for rabbit and hare hunt. It is a medium-sized, athletic and compact dog. It has a short white coat on almost the entire body, except for the head, where a black mask with reddish eyebrows appears. The breed is recognized by the RSCE.

12. Valencian buzzard

The Valencian buzzard, also known as "gos rater valencià ", it is a Spanish breed of terrier type originating from the Valencian Community. It was developed primarily for end mouse pests in plantations, farms and horse stables. It is a breed of small size, but athletic, muscular and agile. The color of the coat has different shades, among which the most common is the tricolor, a mixture of black, fire and white. It is recognized only by the RSCE.

13. Majorcan buzzard

The Majorcan buzzard, also known as "Ca Rater ", it is one of the Spanish dog breeds endemic to the Balearic Islands. The buzzard is characterized by its slim but compact body with strong legs. The hair is straight and short, it shows colors black and amber brown, in addition to the combination of both in the same copy.

While the breed has historical references from the early 20th century, it wasn't until 2002 that the standard was first registered. It is recognized by the "Club Espanyol de Ca Rater Mallorquí ".

14. Alano Spanish

The Spanish Alano It is one of the most popular Spanish dogs on the peninsula. Formerly, it was a dog used for major hunt, as well as for the guard and protection of homes and properties. This dog, a bulldog-type molosser, has a short brown or tan coat with white spots on the abdomen. The folds on the face also stand out. It is a dog of big size, that can reach 60 centimeters at the withers and weigh approximately 40 kilograms.

Despite its popularity, it is not recognized by the FCI, but it is recognized by the RSCE.

15. Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff It is a high mountain dog of Spanish origin. It has been widely used for guarding and defense, formerly to protect herds from the presence of wolves and bears. We are talking about an affectionate, noble, courageous and very active dog. You can reach a considerable height, always exceeding 72 cm. at the withers in females and 77 cm. to the cross in males. It is recognized by the FCI.

16. Spanish Mastiff

The spanish mastiff It is a herding dog native to the rural areas of the Iberian Peninsula. Its origins are uncertain, but its presence took hold in the country between the middle of the century XIX and early XX century. It has a robust body with some folds in the neck area and under the jaw. Its fur is woolly and dense, it has a more common yellow coloration, but there are also dogs with black and brown coats. It is recognized by the FCI.

17. Presa canario

The presa canario It is the national symbol of the Island of Gran Canaria. We speak of an especially old Spanish breed, of a noble and faithful character, of the Moslosoid type. It is large in size, reaching between 56 and 66 cm. to the cross. The breed was on the verge of extinction. It is recognized by the FCI.

18. Majorcan Dogo

The Majorcan bulldog, also known as "Ca de Bou ", it is a sociable, obedient and calm Molossian type breed. It is medium in size, reaching between 52 and 58 cm at the withers. In this Spanish dog all colors are accepted. As for the color patterns, it can be fawn or brindle. It is recognized by the FCI.

19. Catalan Shepherd Shepherd

The catalan shepherd dog, better known as "gos d 'atura Català ", he hails from Catalonia. However, their origins go back to Asia, from where they arrived in Europe after the invasions. However, the breed as it is known today was recognized around 1919. It is characterized by having a long, straight coat, although sometimes slightly wavy. The tones vary from black to light brown with white areas. It is a breed with a calm character. It is recognized by the FCI.

20. Majorero

The majorero It is a breed of Spanish dog from the Canary Islands. It's a good watchdog and cattle dog, functions that it still fulfills today. The breed is medium-sized and has a moderately muscular body, but with thin legs. The coat varies, but black and yellowish brown with spots stand out.

Image: www.dogalize.com

21. Garafi Shepherd Dog

The garafiano shepherd dog It is a breed of dog native to the Canary Islands, considered a good guard dog for its protective and faithful character. In its early days, however, it was used as a herding dog. The Garafian Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized dog with a thick and smooth coat. It weighs around 30 kilos and has two pointed ears and an elongated muzzle. The color of the coat is light brown or fawn.

It is recognized by the "Spanish Association Garafiano Shepherd Dog ".

Image: www.aeppg.es

22. Leonese Shepherd

The Leonese shepherd, Also popularized as the Aqueda dog, it is another of the Spanish dog breeds on our list. We are talking about a shepherd dog with an active, intelligent and alert personality. It has a medium and compact body with semi-drooping ears and an elongated muzzle. Regarding its coloration, it presents a mixture of black on the back with reddish, brown and yellow tones on the chest, the legs, the abdomen and some areas of the head..

It is not recognized by any organization, although a standard for acceptance has been proposed to the RSCE.

Image: www.caninacostadelsol.es

23. Basque Shepherd

The Basque shepherd, also known as "Euskal Artzain Txakurra " is a breed native to the Basque Country, where it was used to herd sheep and cattle. Thanks to this, it is an attentive, vigilant and intelligent dog. The basque pasture dog It is characterized by having a medium size with drooping ears. The coat is semi-long and smooth, it appears in brown tones on the back and legs, while the abdomen is white or cream. It is recognized by the RSCE.

24. Mallorcan Shepherd Dog

The mallorcan shepherd dog, also known as "Ca de Bestiar ", it takes place in Mallorca, Balearic Islands. It stands out for its unmistakable black cloak and for its herding skills, since it is a Spanish shepherd dog capable of herding all kinds of animals, including cattle and birds. It is large in size, being able to measure between 62 and 73 cm. to the cross. It is recognized by the FCI.

25. Can de Palleiro

The can de Palleiro It is a breed native to Galicia. It is a breed developed for large grazing, as it can reach 60 or 62 cm. to the cross. It has light brown, black and dark brown fur. It is only recognized by the Can de Palleiro Club.

26. Villain of the Encartaciones

We close the list of Spanish dog breeds with the villain of the Encartaciones, a race originating from Biscay, formerly used for hunting big game. We are talking about a dog of medium size, compact structure and powerful jaw. The coat can be more or less dark, with black, gray and tawny layers. It can measure between 55 and 63 cm. to the cross and there is no average weight.

It is recognized only by the "Club Nacional Del Villano De Las Encartaciones ".

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