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Despite the fact that dwarf dogs are often confused with toy dogs, it is important to note that we are dealing with different sizes. Thus, the different international canine organizations determine that there are the following sizes when classifying a breed: toy or miniature, dwarf or small, medium or standard, large and giant.
If you are looking for dwarf dog breeds To adopt the one that best suits your lifestyle, in this AnimalWised article we show all the recognized dogs and hybrids that are part of this group.You may also be interested in: Mini toy dog breeds Index
- Toy poodle
- Little Italian Greyhound or Italian Greyhound
- Dwarf or small german spitz
- Peruvian dwarf hairless dog
- Dwarf or small Portuguese Podenco
- Welsh corgi Cardigan and Pembroke
- Miniature schnauzer
- Pug or pug
- Shiba Inu
- Miniature pinscher
- Other dwarf dogs
1. Toy poodle
There are four types of poodle that exist, the toy, the dwarf, the medium and the large. Focusing on the one that concerns us here, the dwarf poodle, we can say that it is a dog with a height between 28 and 35 cm at the withers and a weight that ranges 4-7 kg. In general, its appearance is the same as the medium poodle but with a smaller size. In this way, it is a proportionate dog, with curly hair and a woolly texture..
As a curious fact, the dwarf poodle is the longest-lived variety of poodle, since it can perfectly reach 20 years of life if it receives all the care it needs.
2. Small Italian Greyhound or Italian Greyhound
The Italian greyhound is one of the smallest types of greyhound out there and, therefore, another of the most popular dwarf dog breeds out there. Your weight lies between 4 and 5 kg and its height at the withers ranges from 32-38 cm. Like all sighthounds, the Italian stands out for being a stylized, fine and elegant dog. Likewise, it is a calm, silent and very sensitive dog, although it requires a dose of daily exercise to stay properly stimulated..
3. Dwarf or small German Spitz
¡Be careful, we must not confuse the dwarf German spitz with the Pomeranian (toy or miniature German spitz). Within the German spitz, the FCI lists five varieties that, mainly, differ in size. In this way, we find the wolf type spitz, the large spitz, the medium spitz, the small spitz and the toy spitz known as Pomeranian.
Thus, the dwarf or small German spitz measures about 27 cm at the withers, being one of the smallest dwarf dogs, and weighs about 4-5 kg.
4. Peruvian dwarf hairless dog
As with other breeds already mentioned, we find the Peruvian hairless dog in three different sizes: large, medium and small or dwarf. The ideal size for the latter case is 25-40 cm high at the withers and from 4 to 8 kg maximum weight.
The most outstanding feature of this dwarf dog is the absence of hair, as its name suggests, so it is one of the most suitable dogs for allergy sufferers. Of course, not having hair does not mean that you do not need care, since your skin, exposed at all times to the sun's rays and inclement weather, must be cared for to avoid burns, dryness, wounds, etc. As for its character, it stands out for being docile, calm and very protective.
5. Dwarf or small Portuguese Podenco
Although we are used to seeing the medium or large Portuguese podenco, the truth is that there is also a smaller version, the small Portuguese podenco. This type of hound has a height at the withers of 20-30 cm and a weight 4-6 kg. In the same way, there are two different coats in this breed, and the small size can have any of them: long hair or short hair. Short hair is straight, while long hair is rougher in texture.
As we can see, this is one of the dwarf dog breeds that do not grow much, since it does not exceed 30 cm in height and its weight rarely reaches 6 kg. Regarding his character, is energetic, strong personality and protective instinct. Being such an active dog, it needs a lot of exercise every day, including times for running but also activities that stimulate its mind, such as crawling exercises..
6. Welsh corgi Cardigan and Pembroke
Both breeds are considered small or dwarf in size due to their height at the withers does not exceed 30 cm. In terms of weight, despite its short stature, it is usually around 10 kg. This is so because they are longer than tall dogs, with a more robust and rustic morphology and heavier bone density..
They are active and intelligent dogs, but they do not usually get along very well with other dogs and strangers if they are not properly socialized. Likewise, it is important to bear in mind that, due to their physical characteristics, these dogs cannot perform all kinds of exercises. For example, very steep jumps or very complex agility circuits are best avoided.
7. Miniature Schnauzer
Despite its name, it's not a toy dog, since this type of schnauzer measures from 30 to 35 cm to the withers and weighs from 4 to 8 kg. It is the only variety in which pure white is accepted, which is why it is so common to find them in this color..
Without a doubt, this is one of the most popular white and furry dwarf dog breeds, both for its cute appearance and for practically not shedding hair. In addition to this, its coat is characterized by being hard, dense and wired, with a rather rough texture. In terms of temperament, it is a very curious, intelligent, loyal and active dog, but also very dependent, since it does not tolerate loneliness at all. In fact, it tends to develop separation anxiety, which can be identified by noticing destructive behavior when alone, excessive barking, crying, etc..
8. Pug or pug
One of the most popular and well-known dwarf dog breeds is the pug or pug, also famous for having appeared in several Hollywood movies. Its compact body, rounded and short are the main physical features that represent this breed. It measures between 25 and 28 cm at the withers and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. Precisely because of these physical characteristics, it is essential to control this dog's diet very well, since it tends to become overweight or obese very easily, something totally counterproductive to its health..
This dog is very sociable, affectionate, pleading, playful and funny, but it needs to be accompanied at all times. Therefore, it is not a suitable dog for people who spend many hours away from home. However, it is ideal for families with children, as they love to spend hours and hours playing.
Both the Maltese, the Havanese and the Bichon Frize are considered dwarf dogs. The Bolognese, on the other hand, is usually smaller and, therefore, it is more common to find it classified as a toy dog. Returning to the other three races, we find the following sizes:
- Maltese bichon: 20-25 cm in height at the withers and 3-4 kg in weight.
- Havanese bichonHeight: 21-29 cm at the withers and 4-5 kg in weight.
- Bichon frize: 25-29 cm in height at the withers and 5 kg in weight.
We can find the three breeds in white, which is why they are part of the list of the most popular hairy and white dwarf dogs in the world, since their coat is long, woolly and soft. All three dogs are active, cheerful and very playful. They need to be properly socialized to learn to interact with other dogs, animals and people, since, otherwise, they tend to be suspicious and even aggressive. Likewise, it is a price to guarantee that they exercise daily to channel the accumulated energy..
10. Shiba inu
If you are looking for dwarf dog breeds that also have a really adorable appearance, the shiba inu can become your ideal companion. Measures between 36.5 and 39.5 cm up to the withers and weighs around 10 kg, being able to exceed them or not reach them. Despite its small size, the shiba can weigh up to 13 kg due to its bone density, since its bones are much stronger and heavier than those of other breeds.
This dog is pretty independent, loyal, protective, affectionate, silent and playful. It is perfect both for families with older children (with babies it is not so recommended) and for people who live alone and need to be away for a few hours, since it is a dog that perfectly tolerates loneliness. Of course, it is always important to emphasize that it is not appropriate to leave an animal alone for more than 8 hours a day. We emphasize that the shiba is good for older children but not for babies due to its character, which can give a little attention to the little one if he feels that it bothers him..
In the same way that the previous dog breeds are dwarfs, crosses between them will also result in a small dog. The puggle, for example, is a dog that is born from cross between a pug and a beagle, which usually has a size more similar to that of the pug.
In general, it usually ranges from 20-38 cm in height at the withers and weighs from 6.5 to 14 kg. As with the pug, the puggle tends to be round, robust and rustic in shape..
Of cross between a toy poodle and a Maltese the maltipoo is born, one of the most adorable mongrel dwarf dogs in the canine world. Because one of its parents is not a dwarf but a toy, it is possible that a maltipoo will be born that is also toy, so here we will focus on the small version. The dwarf maltipoo (not the toy) usually weighs between 4 and 7 kg and has a smooth or wavy coat, dense and with a length similar to that of the Maltese.
This dog stands out for being intelligent, like the poodle, active, cheerful and playful. Of course, it is also common for the bichon to inherit its low tolerance for loneliness, a factor to take into account when adopting it..
13. Miniature Pinscher
As with the schnauzer, despite the name the mini pinscher is considered a dwarf dog, not a toy dog. Measures 25 to 30 cm to the withers and weighs 4 to 6 kg. Physically it is very similar to the Doberman, which is why it is sometimes known as "Miniature Doberman ", however and as a curious fact, the Mini Pinscher is much older than the Doberman. Actually, it is the smallest version of the German pinscher.
This is an affectionate dog with its family nucleus, but distrustful of strangers, it is for this reason that proper socialization is essential. Likewise, he is curious, active and strong-willed..
Other dwarf dogs
The previous ones are not the only breeds of dwarf dogs, there are many more and below we list some, both pure and mongrel dogs:
- Border terrier
- Chinese crested dog
- Brussels Griffon
- Belgian griffon
- Yorkie poo
- Cavalier King Charles spaniel
- Dandie dinmont terrier
Dogs such as the Chihuahua, the Yorkshire terrier or the Prague mouse are not dwarfs, but toys, it is for this reason that they are not part of this list.