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¿Have you ever heard of brachycephalic breeds? ¿Or of brachycephalic dog syndrome? Currently there are many dogs that suffer from various health problems due precisely to this condition, which also generates certain consequences in their day to day, such as not being allowed to fly by plane, due to the high risk that this entails. ¿You want to know what are the brachycephalic breeds?
Next, in AnimalWised we will show you a complete list with the 11 breeds of brachycephalic dogs and we will also explain the care they require. Take note and discover in this article if your dog is also a brachycephalic and what you should take into account in his day to day:You may also be interested in: English dog breeds Index
- What are brachycephalic dogs? What causes this feature?
- English bulldog
- Boston terrier
- French bulldog
- Pug or pug
- Lhasa apso
- Shar pei
- Shih Tzu
- Cavalier King Charles spaniel
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Care and Considerations for a Dog Suffering from Brachiocephalic Syndrome
What are brachycephalic dogs? What causes this feature?
The brachycephalic word comes from the Greek and is divided into two terms: "braqui " (brakhys) which means "short " and "cephalo " (képhalos) which means "head ". According to the RAE , this adjective refers to people who have a almost round skull, the same characteristic that is used to define certain dog breeds.
These dogs, due to their anatomy, are susceptible to brachycephalic dog syndrome, which leads to respiratory problems and even obstruction of the airways, thus causing noisy breathing and can even generate a collapse. Other characteristics of brachycephalic dog breeds are a soft, elongated and fleshy palate, as well as narrow nostrils, changes in the larynx and a small windpipe..
¿Why Brachycephalic Dog Syndrome Occurs?
Currently we can find more than 300 breeds of dogs around the world, most of them meeting a strict morphological standard that indicates what their anatomy should be like. The origin of all this is eugenics, the study and application of biological laws in breeding, with the aim of creating "perfect" or standardized breeds. This has led to a growing exaggeration of the attributes of certain breeds, which has resulted in very serious health problems.
Below we will show you a list with the 11 most popular brachycephalic dog breeds and we will end by offering you a small guide so that you know the care they require.
1. English Bulldog
2. Boston terrier
3. French bulldog
5. Pug or pug
6. Lhasa apso
7. Shar pei
8. Shih tzu
9. Cavalier King Charles spaniel
10. Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Care and Considerations for a Dog Suffering from Brachiocephalic Syndrome
Dogs with this syndrome can suffer from very diverse health problems. While some will have little difficulty breathing, others will easily show noisy breathing, nausea, coughing, fainting, and even collapse episodes. Generally all present poor exercise tolerance and, in the long term, they tend to experience Heart problems.
Here are some details to keep in mind if you have a brachycephalic dog:
- Hot: the increase in temperatures is very dangerous for these breeds, since it increases panting (system to maintain temperature) and, as a consequence, generates greater narrowing and swelling of the airways, also causing anxiety and stress. It can also cause heat stroke.
- Exercise- Exercising these dogs can be especially dangerous, especially when combined with the heat.
- Feeding: Most breeds with brachycephalic dog syndrome have trouble coordinating swallowing during feedings, as they have some breathing difficulties. This also causes swallowing air or aspiration pneumonia, also causing vomiting and retching..
- Overweight: being overweight undoubtedly favors an increase in the dog's body temperature, as well as more difficulty in moving and exercising, thus aggravating the symptoms exposed.
Finally, it is important to highlight that these dogs, due to their flattened muzzle and the health problems they experience, run a increased risk when traveling, as well as before sedation, by the use of anesthesia. It is also not easy to find muzzles that fit well with their anatomy..
In any case, if we suspect that our dog suffers from brachycephalic dog syndrome or that it experiences any of the symptoms mentioned in this article, we recommend visit the vet to assess possible treatments to apply or specific care according to the individual.