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Without a doubt, the pig is one of the animals that culture and popular sayings have treated in an unfair and pejorative way, since, contrary to what many people may believe, pigs are animals very intelligent, affectionate and clean. Now, there is a fairly accurate statement regarding the feeding of these animals: farm pigs eat everything, and this is because humans have turned them into omnivorous animals, in the same way that we.
However, this does not mean that they should eat everything, not unless we want to ensure their health. And it is that, actually, pigs are herbivorous in nature, as we will explain later. And it is for this reason that in this AnimalWised article we want to explain what do pigs eat, so that you can learn and provide the best care for your pig friend, in case, of course, you have one of these animals under your care.You may also be interested in: What do hedgehogs eat? Index
- Feeding the pigs
- What to feed a pig?
- Forbidden foods for pigs
Feeding the pigs
As we have commented, humans have turned farm pigs into omnivorous animals with the aim of fattening them for later consumption. Now, the food preferences of this species are not those, since the pig in the wild it is fully herbivorous, as we can see in his jaw prepared to eat vegetables, such as fruit and vegetables, as well as mushrooms or even roots.
However, due to its domestication and the interest that the human being has had for its consumption, as well as as a consequence of rapidly gaining weight, the diet of the farm pigs has adapted to an omnivore in which the presence of vegetables and organic remains prevails, but also mince. It should be noted, however, that this kind of diet is not designed for the animal to enjoy a long and healthy life, since the fact that it can digest it does not imply that in the long term it cannot develop health problems such as obesity.
What to feed a pig?
If we are lucky enough to have a pig as a pet, we should make sure to provide it with a good diet, which will be made up of:
- Fruit and vegetable: your pig's diet should be made up of approximately 70% fruits and vegetables of all kinds.
- Grains / cereal: like corn, rice, barley, quinoa… which will provide energy to your pet, but can lead to obesity if abused.
- Forage: it is also a good idea to give alfalfa or hay if your pig likes them, to give it an extra supply of fiber.
Therefore, those foods that are made with the ingredients that you have seen are also valid, as long as they are not given in excess..
In addition, as a general rule, when deciding whether or not a food will be good for your animal, you should bear in mind that Any food that is not good for you will not be good for your pig.. In the same way, overeating a single thing, such as bread or pasta, is not a way to establish a healthy and balanced diet for both him and you..
Finally, you must divide the diet into 2 or 3 servings daily and be very clear about meal times, since pigs are very gluttonous animals and they need to get used to a routine. Conversely, this could develop anxiety as there is no consistency in the schedule, which will cause behavioral problems as a result of stress, and short or long-term health problems.
And if you enjoy the company of a Vietnamese pig, we advise you to read this other article on Feeding the Vietnamese pig.
Forbidden foods for pigs
Since the pig is not a popular animal as a pet, it is difficult for you to find feed specially designed for it to have long and quality lives. In fact, the most common thing is to find feed designed for intensive pig farming, which is intended to fatten the animal for consumption as soon as possible. This means that you should never give feed for farm pigs, since obviously these are completely unbalanced and will generate obesity in your pet, as well as feed intended for other pets, such as I think for dogs, since both species do not have the same needs.
It is not advisable either to give him food with caffeine, products processed or "junk food ", due to excess sugars Y fats saturated they contain.
Likewise, there are other foods that we do not advise you to give your pet, because some can be indigestible in excess, cause long-term health problems and others can become intoxicated, such as:
- Meat and / or derivatives.
- Avocado / avocado, especially the skin and bone.
- Salt or foods with salt (French fries, for example).
- Raw potato, yucca and sweet potato.
- Broad beans / beans / beans.
- Avoid the leaves of vegetables and fruits.
¿Are you going to adopt a pig? Discover this other article about Names for pigs.