Prednisone or prednisolone for cats - Dosage, what it is for and side effects

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Prednisone or prednisolone for cats is a drug of relatively common use in these animals. In this AnimalWised article, we are going to explain what and how it works. prednisone or prednisolone for cats, in which cases the vet can prescribe it and what effects can we expect after use.

As always, it is dangerous to administer a medicine to a cat if it has not been prescribed a vet. Although the cat has already used prednisone previously, we cannot repeat its administration without having it reviewed by the veterinarian.

You may also be interested in: Prednisone or Prednisolone for Dogs - Uses and Side Effects Index
  1. What is prednisone?
  2. What is prednisone or prednisolone for cats??
  3. Prednisone or prednisolone for cats - dosage
  4. Side effects of prednisone or prednisolone for cats

What is prednisone?

Prednisone or prednisolone for cats is a corticosteroid, specifically, a glucocorticoid. Prednisolone is the active form of prednisone. This means that for prednisone to work, it is first converted to prednisolone. That is why they talk about prednisone as a prodrug.

It is indifferent to use one denomination or the other because they serve the same, they have the same activity and the same side effects. Both substances present minimal differences in their chemical composition.

What is prednisone or prednisolone for cats??

Prednisone or prednisolone is used in inflammatory or immune processes, that is why it is used for a good number of both acute and chronic pathologies. Usually, it is a drug that, more than to cure a disease, helps to monitor clinical signs, decreasing pain. But this implies that on numerous occasions it is administered together with other medications..

That it acts by reducing the immune system is a disadvantage but, at the same time, it allows it to be a drug of choice in autoimmune diseases, Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemias and Allergies in Cats. It should be noted that more drugs such as meloxicam are currently used in cats.

For all these reasons, you may also be interested in this other AnimalWised article on Tips to strengthen the immune system in cats..

Prednisone or prednisolone for cats - dosage

Prednisone in cats can be administered in three ways:

  • Orally
  • By injection
  • Intravenously

The drugs, that is, the oral route, is the most comfortable way of all, since it allows us to give it ourselves at home. It is recommended that it be at night.

Dosage of prednisone or prednisolone for cats

The dose can only be determined by the veterinarian taking care of each specific case. Likewise, this professional will have to tell us what the duration of the treatment will be. The studies carried out offer a dosage range that ranges from 0.5 to 4 mg per kg of body weight per day. Among these parameters, the veterinarian will choose the most appropriate dose.

In addition, in long-term treatments, given the possible side effects derived from the use of this drug, the objective is to use and maintain the minimum dose that achieves the desired result. The reduction of the dose should be done as prescribed by the veterinarian. It is usually done by administering the drug on alternate days or by halving the daily dose that has been offered so far..

Side effects of prednisone or prednisolone for cats

Normally, if prednisone is used in a specific way, there is usually no adverse effect, but prolonged treatments are associated with different alterations. Some of the possible side effects of prednisone or prednisolone for cats are:

  • Very frequent urination
  • Increase in food and water intake
  • Gastrointestinal ulcers
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatitis
  • Delays the healing processes

On the other hand, due to its mechanism of action, when the dose is suspended, a suprarrenal insufficiency, This is why it is recommended to gradually withdraw prednisone if you have followed a prolonged treatment.

Contraindications of prednisone or prednisolone in cats

In addition, since prednisone has an immunosuppressive effect, it can interfere with the cat's resistance to diseases. Prednisone should not be given or has to used with caution in cats:

  • Of advanced age
  • Malnourished
  • Hypertensive
  • With viral or fungal diseases
  • Diabetics
  • With hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing's syndrome
  • With heart or kidney problems
  • With gastrointestinal ulcers
  • With glaucoma or corneal ulcers

Neither should a cat be vaccinated while on prednisone treatment or for the next two weeks, nor can it be given to pregnant cats, as it can cause fetal malformations, abortions or premature births. It is also not advised during breastfeeding.

As we can see, prednisone or prednisolone for cats is a drug that must be used and withdrawn following a strict veterinary control.

This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.

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