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In this AnimalWised article we are going to explain the different causes of lumps on a cat's neck. We will discover the role of the lymph nodes as part of the immune system and we will learn to identify lumps that will require a veterinary consultation, as they may be caused by an infection or be a tumor. Therefore, regardless of whether the ball on the neck is painful or not, we must contact the veterinarian.
If you wonder why does your cat have a ball on its neck, soft or hard, read on to find out the main reasons and go to the specialist.You may also be interested in: Why does my dog have a ball on his neck? Index
- My cat has a lump under his jaw
- Subcutaneous lumps in cats
- Ball on the cat's neck as a reaction to a vaccine
- Ball on the cat's neck by the thyroid gland
- My cat has a lump on his face
My cat has a lump under his jaw
The first thing we must take into account when explaining why a cat has a ball on its neck is the existence of submandibular lymph nodes. These ganglia are part of the immune system and their function, therefore, is the defense of the body. If we notice that our cat has a lump in the neck, it may be an inflammation of these nodes due to the course of some pathological process.
If the cat's immune system manages to control it, no more symptoms will appear or they will be mild, such as a slight discomfort or a slight fever. Other times the body cannot stop the pathogens and the disease develops, in which case we will need to help the cat with the treatment that, after the diagnosis, the veterinarian gives us. An increase in the size of the nodes can be present in multiple diseases, hence the importance of diagnosis.
Subcutaneous lumps in cats
Any subcutaneous lump, that is, under the skin, that is not a ganglion can have different origins and must be immediately checked by the veterinarian if we want to know why the cat has a ball on its neck.
In general, a hard lump on the cat's neck it may be a cyst or tumor. Taking a sample from the inside, the veterinarian can discover what its nature is and, if it is a cancer, if it is benign or malignant. It is important to bear in mind that if the cat has a ball in its throat, just as we observe it growing on the outside, it may be growing inwards, which would endanger its life by interrupting the flow of oxygen.
For its part, a soft lump on the cat's neck it could be a abscess, that is, a collection of pus in a cavity under the skin. These balls are usually produced after the bite of another animal, so it is easier for them to appear in whole cats with access to the outside that are going to fight for the territory and the females. Animals have multiple bacteria in their mouths that, when biting, stay in the wound. The cat's skin closes very easily but, inside, the remaining bacteria can cause a subcutaneous infection that is the cause of the abscess. See this other article with all the information about "Abscesses in cats ".
The treatment of tumors is based on diagnosing what type they are and find out if it exists or not metastasis, that is, if the primary tumor has migrated through the body and is affecting other areas. Surgery to remove it, chemo, or radiation therapy may be chosen, depending on each particular case. For their part, abscesses need antibiotics, disinfection and, in the most complicated ones, the placement of a drain until they close..
Ball on the cat's neck as a reaction to a vaccine
We have seen the most probable causes that explain why a cat has a ball on its neck, but also how secondary reaction to a vaccine, especially in feline leukemia, a type of tumor called fibrosarcoma. Although the usual thing is to prick in the area of the withers, with an injection placed higher up we could find a small nodule in the neck associated with an inflammation. This should go away in 3-4 weeks, but if it doesn't, chronic inflammation can lead to fibrosarcoma..
Surgery to remove it can be difficult because it is a very invasive tumor. For this reason, some professionals recommend applying vaccines associated with fibrosarcoma in the extremities, since this way they can be amputated in case of a tumor.
We must also know that in the inoculation area of any injection, inflammation and even an abscess can occur as an adverse reaction..
Ball on the cat's neck by the thyroid gland
Finally, another explanation to why our cat has a ball on its neck may be in a enlargement of the thyroid gland, It is located in the neck and, sometimes, it is possible to palpate. This increase in volume is usually due to a benign tumor and has as a consequence the secretion of an excess of thyroid hormones, which will produce hyperthyroidism, that will affect the whole organism.
The affected cat will present symptoms such as hyperactivity, increased hunger and thirst but thinning, vomiting, a bad coat and other quite nonspecific symptoms. It can be detected by a hormone test and is treated with medication, surgery, or radioactive iodine. You will find all the information about this condition in the following article: "Hyperthyroidism in cats - Symptoms and treatments ".
My cat has a lump on his face
Finally, once the most common causes that explain why a cat has a ball on its neck have been exposed, we will see why lumps can also appear on the face. And it is that a cancer, the cell carcinoma flaky, can produce nodular lesions, as well as a less frequent disease, the cryptococcosis.
Both require veterinary treatment. Cryptococcosis with antifungal medication, as it is a disease caused by a fungus, and the carcinoma can be operated on. It is very important, as we can see, to go quickly to the vet to start treatment early to avoid complications..
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.