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Mucus in cats is usually associated with catarrhal, viral and / or bacterial processes, which affect the upper respiratory tract. But not whenever there is mucus the cause is a cold. So, in this AnimalWised article we are going to explain why does a cat have snot, listing the most likely causes.
In any case, the pathologies that we will name will require a veterinary examination to reach a diagnosis that allows us to establish the most appropriate treatment. Therefore, in case of runny nose in cats, After finding out about the possible reasons, the first thing you should do is visit the specialist to find out how to decongest your cat's nose and, most importantly, what happens to him.You may also be interested: Why does my cat sneeze? Index
- Runny nose in cats
- Why does my cat have snot and gunk?
- Why does my cat have snot and sneeze?
- Other causes of runny nose in cats
- What to do if my cat has a lot of snot?
- How to decongest a cat's nose?
- Is there distemper in cats?
Runny nose in cats
If we want to know why our cat has snot, we must begin by understanding that nasal discharge occurs when there is an agent that irritates the nasal passages. As this irritation is also the cause of sneezing, it is normal for both symptoms, that is,, snot and sneezing in cats, occur simultaneously. We must look at the aspect of the discharge, whether it affects one of the nostrils or both, the presence or absence of other symptoms, the way they appear, etc., to transmit the information to the veterinarian and, well, help you establish the diagnosis.
Why does my cat have snot and gunk?
The most common is that the explanation for why a cat has snot is found, especially in younger kittens, in a viral disease named rhinotracheitis, characterized by intense mucus accompanied by ocular discharge, mouth lesions, dehydration, anorexia, fever, etc., depending on the severity and the viruses involved. The presence of these viruses damages the nasal mucosa and creates an environment conducive to the proliferation of bacteria. This process is normally behind the appearance of rhinitis in cats, another problem that produces mucus and eye discharge, in addition to sinusitis and sneezing.
In this way, if your cat has snot and her eyes water, it is possible that she suffers from one or both conditions, so it is necessary to visit a specialist to diagnose and treat the problem..
Why does my cat have snot and sneeze?
We have already seen a runny nose in cats accompanied by sneezing, it can be due to rhinitis, however, it is not the only existing cause. So a common cold They also tend to present these symptoms, in addition to respiratory distress, fever, listlessness, loss of appetite, cough and even a slight ocular discharge. If your cat has snot and breathes badly and you suspect that this may be the cause, do not miss this article to know what to do and how to decongest your cat's nose with a cold: "Home remedies for colds in cats ".
On the other hand, the cat flu It is another of the diseases that produces mucus in cats and sneezing, watery eyes, fever, cough, mouth ulcers and lethargy. It can be caused by calcivirus or feline herpesvirus, and depending on the virus that triggered it, the symptoms will be or less severe, as will the treatment. Again, the visit to the vet is mandatory.
Other causes of runny nose in cats
Other less common causes of a runny nose are due to yeast infections, polyps, neoplasms, injuries, foreign bodies or even serious dental disease. Growths within the oral cavity can deform the face and produce unilateral discharge sometimes with the presence of blood, symptoms that can also appear in fungal infections.
For all of the above, yes your cat has bloody snot It is important to go to the specialist to examine it carefully and determine the cause. As we have seen, the symptoms are common to most diseases and health problems that can cause a runny nose..
What to do if my cat has a lot of snot?
If we observe mucus accompanied or not by symptoms such as those we have described and we want to know why our cat has snot, we should go to the vet. A disease like rhinotracheitis can be determined just by looking at the symptoms. In these cases it is necessary for the veterinarian to guide antibiotics for cats with colds, since, although they will not act against viruses, they do fight bacterial infections that are associated in a secondary way, taking advantage of the lesions that viruses produce.
If the cat does not respond well to treatment, it is possible to culture the secretions to discover the pathogen, so that a more specific antibiotic or, if applicable, a antifungal. These treatments will be longer. A polyp can be removed and a cancer treated with chemotherapy. Of course, we must always maintain the hygiene of the nose.
In some cases tests such as rhinoscopy, X-rays or biopsies may be needed, which will be performed with the anesthetized cat. If we are facing a chronic runny nose, that is,, the cat always has snot, bone damage may have occurred, which will be irreversible. In that case the treatment will be palliative and it must include special care in eating, since nasal tamponade makes it difficult to smell and, consequently, ingestion. Heating the food helps to enhance its aroma and encourages the cat to eat.
How to decongest a cat's nose?
Regardless of the cause for which a cat has snot, if these are abundant they will clog the nose and we will see that the cat has dry snot once they come into contact with the air. It is important that we clean them to facilitate breathing. For clean a cat's nose, do not tear the snot dry, as we could make a wound. On the contrary, we can wet a gauze or cotton in serum or, simply, water, passing it through the globs gently. If they do not come out the first time, before rubbing we will use the warm liquid.
We can also decongest the cat's nose with steam. An easy way to do this is to put the cat in the bathroom with us while we take a very hot shower. In the most serious cases, the veterinarian will perform a nasal wash with serum and the cat will be anesthetized..
Is there distemper in cats?
Finally, we must point out that, as we have seen, distemper is not among the causes that explain why our cat has snot. This is so because, technically, distemper in cats is called feline panleukopenia or feline infectious enteritis. Distemper as such is a serious viral disease that exclusively affects dogs. In cats, as we say, despite being named in the same way, the correct thing to do is to refer to the disease using the indicated terms.
Canine distemper produces purulent nasal discharge as the main symptom, however, panleukopenia in cats he does not usually present this sign. For this reason, if the cat has green mucus, although we can relate it to distemper, we should know that it is most likely some of the aforementioned problems, such as rhinotracheitis, rhinitis or cat flu..
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.