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If you plan to share your life with a rabbit or you already welcome one of these sweet animals into your home, you should know that these furry animals, in addition to being friendly and endearing, also have needs that, as their guardian, you must know and meet, as obviously their feeding.
In this AnimalWised article, we explain what the plants that rabbits can eat, since understanding how to feed your rabbit is key for your little lagomorph to live happy and healthy.You may also be interested: Can rabbits eat grapes? Index
- Rabbit feeding
- Plants that a rabbit can eat
- Plants toxic to rabbits
- Symptoms of an intoxicated rabbit
Rabbits are animals herbivores, that is, their diet is based entirely on foods of plant origin. This diet varies depending on the needs you have at each stage of your life, but the main source of food is the hay, which must be available to you in an unlimited way, and the I think specific for rabbits depending on the weight and age of your pet.
Besides, it is also advisable to supplement your rabbit's diet with fresh green leafy food, such as vegetables, in addition to other vegetables (which we will see below), in a timely manner so that your rabbit is healthy and enjoys the food you offer.
For more information about rabbit feeding, we leave you this other AnimalWised article about ¿What do rabbits eat?
Plants that a rabbit can eat
There is a wide variety of plants that you can offer your rabbit, either obtainable in the supermarket or wild plants, which you can grow in your garden or collect..
Within this wide range of possibilities, your rabbit will surely love some of these vegetables, while others will prefer not to taste them. In any case, although you may like some of these plants a lot, you always have to avoid abusing, since, on the contrary, it could lead to health problems.
In addition, the introduction of new foods should be progressive and mixed with others that you are already used to.
Next, we invite you to read the following guide on the plants that rabbits can eat:
It's no secret that rabbits love it the carrots, because in popular culture they have always been associated with these.
However, it is essential to know that roots such as carrots, parsnips, turnips and beets, are foods with a high sugar content, Therefore, in addition to providing them with a lot of energy, they increase the risk of suffering from obesity problems, diseases associated with being overweight, colic and stomach bloating..
Therefore, despite the fact that rabbits can eat certain roots, it is best to offer them in a very small portion. You can even offer them as a reward. In any case, the healthiest thing is to avoid the roots, as well as the fruit, in the daily diet of the rabbit..
Stems and leaves
It is highly recommended to add stems and green leaves in your rabbit's diet daily and varied, because unlike fruits or roots that store all the sugar and must be given occasionally, these have a very low caloric intake and are high in fiber, which will benefit the digestive health of your furry, also providing the nutrients that the body needs for proper functioning, such as vitamins and minerals.
In addition, many of the vegetables that you can give your rabbit are disposable parts that would normally be thrown away, since humans do not consume them because they are too fibrous or resistant. For your rabbit, on the other hand, they will be very beneficial and he will adore them.
Among the plants you can offer daily, we find:
- Root leaves (carrot, radish, etc.).
- Lettuce (never of the iceberg variety).
And the plants that you can offer occasionally (1-2 times a week), they are:
There is also the possibility of offering your rabbit dehydrated Foods, but these must be given in small proportions mixed with fresh food. This is because through dehydration, food reduces the amount of water and has a higher concentration of nutrients, among which we highlight sugars. Therefore, dried fruits and vegetables contain more calories and are not recommended in excess..
The diet of a wild rabbit is essentially made up of grasses and weeds of fields, forests and mountains. This explains why your rabbit should eat unlimited hay, usually fescue.
Now, a good initiative to enrich your rabbit's diet is to offer it other variants of herbs, which you can buy in stores, collect them or even grow them yourself if you have a garden. In case of picking them up from the field, try to be respectful with the environment, so you must cut the plant without uprooting it so that it can grow again, and do not destroy everything you see, because you must leave enough plants and flowers so that next year it regenerates.
You should take into account that the plants you collect are from free zones contamination, for example from car smoke, if you are near a place with traffic or pesticides, and be washed before giving them to your rabbit, otherwise, it could become intoxicated. In the same way, do not collect grass from parks and areas where they usually urinate and defecate Other animals.
The plants that you can offer your rabbit are:
- Shepherd's bag.
- Bush leaves.
- Berry leaves (such as blackberries, strawberries, raspberries…).
However, it is important to note that alfalfa it is only recommended for rabbits under 6 months, as they contain a lot of calcium and, if they are adults, could cause kidney stones.
In addition to these plants, you may also be interested in this other article on Recommended fruits and vegetables for rabbits.
Plants toxic to rabbits
Rabbits are very delicate animals for which some plants are very harmful. It is for this reason that you should never give your rabbit any plant which you are 100% sure that will not do any harm, since on a daily basis you can find yourself in parks, gardens and even in your own kitchen , every kind of toxic plants for your rabbit. Among the best known, we find:
- Avocado or avocado: this fruit is deadly for rabbits, as they contain a component called persin, which is found in higher concentration in the shell and bone. If your rabbit has the least contact with this component, it can cause respiratory problems with fatal consequences.
- Iceberg lettuce: As we have mentioned, lettuce is a food that you can give your rabbit without worries, always avoiding excess. However, there is a variety of this vegetable, the iceberg, which contains a very toxic component for rabbits, the lactucarium.
- Rhubarb: this is a vegetable similar to chard, as they have a similar shape, but it stands out for its striking red color, which we can predict as a danger sign, because it is also poisonous to your rabbit.
- Potato and sweet potato (including leaves): potato and sweet potato (sweet potato) are toxic tubers for your furry due to the fact that they contain solanine. This, in addition, is very indigestible in raw due to its high concentration of carbohydrates. For these reasons, there is absolutely no need to feed a rabbit potatoes if we want to avoid problems..
- Onion and leekThese two vegetables (and similar) are very indigestible for rabbits, so it is advisable to avoid them at all costs, including the leaves. In the case of onion, its prolonged consumption causes anemia because it decreases the concentration of red blood cells in the blood.
- Garlic: It is not especially recommended for your rabbit, because apart from the bad smell, which will make it reject it, it is very indigestible and prolonged consumption can cause serious digestive problems. It should be noted that it has sometimes been recommended as a dewormer, but it goes without saying that there are other less harmful ways to deworm your rabbit, which you can always consult with your veterinarian.
- Vegetables- We highlight these because they can also pose a risk to your rabbit's health and often cause confusion among owners. Legumes, such as beans, peas, etc. they are very little digestive and not at all advisable for your pet.
- Seeds and grainsAlthough the vast majority are not toxic to rabbits, it should be noted that their diet consists mainly of vegetables such as leaves and stems. Grain, seeds and nuts, despite being of plant origin, are not suitable in large quantities, as they are foods that provide a lot of energy. Therefore, do not give your rabbit these foods, apart from the cereals that his feed may contain (but always giving him the specified amount).
Then there are a lot of plants that can be at your fingertips in parks and gardens, Since they are either used ornamentally or grow naturally, and they can be harmful to your rabbit:
- Bear garlic.
- Pink lily.
- Scarlet Pimpernel.
- Devil's pickle.
- Tuberous begonia.
- Angel trumpets.
- Skunk epazote.
- Water hemlock.
- Wild saffron.
- Lily of the valley.
- Wigs tree.
- Black broom.
- Bird from paradise.
- Sweet potato.
- Jerusalem cherry.
- Virginia Creeper.
- Morning glory.
- Sweet Pea.
- Poison Ivy.
- Daisy flower.
- Good night.
- Elephant ear.
For more information, you can consult this other article on Forbidden foods in rabbits.
Symptoms of an intoxicated rabbit
A food poisoned rabbit is never good news, so you should take him to the vet as soon as possible closer, if I could not die.
In case your rabbit has ingested a toxic food, you will easily notice it, as it will manifest one or more of these symptoms:
- Diarrhea or, conversely, absence of urine and feces in 12 hours.
- Apathy, little or no physical activity.
- Has not eaten or drunk water in 12 hours (especially if he has not eaten hay).
- Sores or wounds in the mouth.
- Spasms, tremors, or seizures.
- Breathing difficulties and / or mucus.
- Bleeding or bruising.
- Skin irritations or rashes.
To find out if your rabbit has extremely serious symptoms of poisoning, we leave you this video about the Symptoms that a rabbit is going to die. However, at AnimalWised we recommend never waiting for our bunny to present such alarming symptoms to go to the vet, since, as we can see, sometimes the consequences can be fatal..