Potentially dangerous dogs in Spain - Legislation in force 2020

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All dogs have different characteristics and qualities, including the type of bite that can be more serious in the case of certain breeds. It is based on this type of physical differences that the Spanish government creates Royal Decree 287/2002, of March 22, which develops Law 50/1999, of December 23, on the legal regime for the possession of "potentially dangerous dogs ".

We must also ask ourselves why the government takes so many measures and makes the adoption of these breeds so difficult, but nevertheless does not put measures to avoid sacrifice, abandonment and abuse. Here we detail everything you need to know about the law of potentially dangerous dogs in Spain or PPP.

You may also be interested in: National Law of Dangerous Dogs in Argentina

Potentially Dangerous Dog Breeds (PPP):

1. Pit bull terrier

2. Staffordshire bull terrier

3. American staffordshire terrier

4. Rottweiler

5. Dogo Argentino

6. Brazilian Row

7. Tosa inu

8. Akita inu

What's more...

The dogs that we have mentioned above are considered "potentially dangerous dogs " according to Annex I of Royal Decree 287/2002 of March 22, but in addition, those dogs that are a crossing of the races mentioned, and those that meet the following physical characteristics, indicated in Annex II:

  • Strong musculature, powerful appearance, robust, athletic confinguration, agility, vigor and endurance.
  • Strong character and great value.
  • Short hair.
  • Thoracic circumference between 60 and 80 centimeters, height at the withers between 50 and 70 centimeters and weight greater than 20 kg.
  • A voluminous, cuboid, robust head with a large, broad skull and bulging, muscular cheeks. Strong and large jaws, robust, wide and deep mouth.
  • Wide neck, short and muscled.
  • Solid, broad, large, deep chest, arched ribs and short, muscular loin.
  • Parallel, straight and robust forelimbs and very muscular hindlimbs, with relatively long legs at a moderate angle.

In addition to all these details, a dog can also be considered as PPP in certain autonomous communities or by express order if requested by a veterinarian.

What do you need to adopt a PPP dog?

To start with, it is essential to obtain a administrative license that certifies that the person meets all the requirements imposed by the state. People who are in charge of potentially dangerous dogs in Spain, according to current law, must comply with the following points:

  • Be of age.
  • Not having been convicted of crimes of homicide, injuries, torture, against freedom or against moral integrity, sexual freedom and public health, association with an armed gang or drug trafficking, as well as not being deprived by judicial resolution of the right to freedom keeping potentially dangerous animals.
  • Not having been sanctioned for serious or very serious infractions with any of the accessory sanctions of those provided for in section 3 of article 13 of Law 50/1999, of December 23, on the legal regime of potentially dangerous animals.
  • Have the physical capacity and psychological aptitude for the possession of potentially dangerous animals.
  • Accreditation of having formalized a liability insurance for damages to third parties with coverage not less than € 120,000.

The license must be renewed every 5 years and it can be renewed as long as the holder does not fail to comply with some of the points established above. In addition, a physical and psychological examination that certifies that the person who is going to receive the license has sufficient visual, auditory, locomotor system and neurological system capacity.

What regulations must a PPP dog comply with?

Unlike dogs not considered potentially dangerous, those that have received this classification they must meet some rules in public spaces. Next we go on to detail these "security measures ", according to the BOE:

  • To begin with, it will be essential that the person who is in charge of a potentially dangerous dog has it available in public spaces the license for the possession of potentially dangerous animals as well as registration in the municipal registry.
  • The animals must use muzzle always in public spaces.
  • Potentially dangerous dogs may not be walked on an extendable leash or a leash longer than 2 meters in length.
  • The same person cannot walk two dogs considered potentially dangerous at the same time.
  • It is forbidden for a dog considered to be potentially dangerous to be unleashed or outside a delimited and closed area, even if it is private property.
  • The abduction or loss of the animal must be reported to the municipal registry within a maximum period of 48 from when it becomes known of its disappearance.

In the event of non-compliance with these rules, a sanction will be applied that can be considered light, moderate or serious, which may or may not imply a monetary sanction and even the confiscation of the animal. It is very important to understand this point if you are going to adopt a dog that is considered potentially dangerous..

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