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For those who live with animals, parasites are a well-known enemy. Present all over the world, they frequently and easily infest all kinds of animals, hence the importance of adequate preventive medicine..
In this AnimalWised article we will focus on intestinal parasites in dogs, explaining which are the most common, the effects and symptoms that we can detect in our dog, how to combat them and, above all, the importance of good prevention to keep our dog safe throughout its life.You may also be interested in: Common external parasites in cats Index
- Types of parasites in dogs
- Types of intestinal parasites in dogs
- Symptoms of intestinal parasites in dogs
- Dog parasites that spread to humans
- How to eliminate intestinal parasites in dogs? - Effective treatment
- Environmental control of intestinal parasites in dogs
- Home remedies for intestinal parasites in dogs
Types of parasites in dogs
Our dog can be affected both by internal and external parasites. The first ones, which we will talk about in this article, are those that inhabit the digestive tract but can also reside in organs such as the lungs or the heart..
Between the external parasites, those that live in the hair or skin of the dog, fleas and ticks stand out. Both intestinal parasites in dogs and external ones or those that infest heart or lungs, produce damage in the animal due to its activity.
The injuries will be more or less important depending on your health and the level of infestation. A) Yes, parasitosis can occur asymptomatic or, instead, produce different clinical pictures. In all cases they must be prevented and treated, since there are parasites that can also affect humans.
Types of intestinal parasites in dogs
It is vitally important that guardians know intestinal parasites in dogs, therefore, below we will show you the most common:
- Ascaris: What Toxocara canis Y Toxascaris leonina, which are very frequent. They live in the stomach and intestines and can reach a considerable size. They lay eggs capable of withstanding a long time in the environment. Puppies can be infected from their mother and any dog could become infested through the medium or by ingesting an intermediate host, such as a rodent..
- Hookworms: they are known as "hooked worms " because they attach themselves to the mucosa of the small intestine through the mouth, thus absorbing blood and fluids. These worms can be contracted through the puppy's contact with its mother, by ingestion of larvae present in the environment, by direct penetration through the skin, especially in the area of the pads, or by ingestion of an intermediate host..
- You had: they are worms that lodge in the small intestine and can reach 2 meters in length. Fleas play a very important role in this parasitosis, since they can ingest tapeworm eggs and transmit them to dogs if they swallow them..
- Whipworms: They are known as "whipworms" because of their threadlike appearance, but with a thicker end. These worms attach to the walls of the large intestine and, although they lay fewer eggs than other parasites, they are capable of surviving for years in the environment..
Symptoms of intestinal parasites in dogs
Although, as we have said, the presence of internal parasites in dogs does not always generate a clinical picture, below we will expose the most common symptoms that we will be able to perceive when the infestation is important or the dog presents more risks due to having a deficient immune system, as happens in puppies, due to immaturity, or in elderly or vulnerable dogs because they suffer from diseases or go through stressful situations such as surgeries or transfers.
The symptoms of intestinal parasites in dogs are:
- Weight loss or growth retardation in puppies.
- Abdominal inflammation or, also, symptoms associated with pain.
- Anemia, observable in the pale coloration of the mucous membranes.
- Soft spot.
- Blood in the stool.
- A ball-like mass made up of a large number of worms could cause a intestinal obstruction.
- Some intestinal parasites can also be responsible for respiratory symptoms.
Dog parasites that spread to humans
Some of the intestinal parasites in dogs that we have talked about are susceptible to transmitted to humans and vice versa. For example, roundworms are capable of producing in people a disease called "visceral larva migrans ", which occurs after ingesting their eggs.
The Small children they constitute a risk group, as they are more likely to eat dirt and show poorer hygiene habits. Symptoms, which appear in large infestations of internal parasites in dogs, include abdominal pain or cough, as well as complications that will depend on the organ the larvae reach..
Some hookworms are responsible for the disease known as "cutaneous larva migrans", which causes itching due to the penetration of their larvae into the skin. In view of the fact that we can share parasites and so that dogs do not become a source of contagion and vice versa, it is essential to establish a correct deworming calendar.
How to eliminate intestinal parasites in dogs? - Effective treatment
If we discover any of the symptoms described in our dog and we even get to observing worms in your stool or vomit, we must go, without delay, to the vet. But more than treating infestations, we must avoid them. Thus, we will protect our dog and the whole family. For this, prevention is essential, which will consist of setting a complete deworming program with our veterinarian. The professional will assess the age of the dog, its habitat, the safety of the product and the route of administration..
Medicines for intestinal parasites in dogs
Thus, in the market we will find syrups, pastes or, more conveniently, pills to eliminate intestinal parasites in dogs. Of course, we will always use products prescribed by our veterinarian, since, otherwise, we could cause the dog intoxication and even aggravate a problem if there are symptoms not generated by internal parasites in dogs.
The recommendation is to follow a program of monthly deworming which should be started at two weeks of age and maintained throughout his life. Because we love them, we protect them, deworm your pet.
Environmental control of intestinal parasites in dogs
Besides the internal deworming, To eradicate these parasites from the environment as much as possible and thus prevent reinfestations, we must include measures such as the following:
- Establish good hygiene habits, especially in children.
- Avoid games in parks frequented by dogs or in open sandboxes.
- If our dog has an outdoor area, the floor must be made of cement or gravel, which can be disinfected, since the earth is a good substrate for parasites. If you have a booth, it is advisable to clean it daily with a hose.
- We must remove our dog's feces immediately if he defecates at home.
- It is not recommended that we let them hunt, eat food scraps from the garbage or raw meat.
- We must consult with our veterinarian for additional measures taking into account the life cycle of the parasite.
- Of course, it is essential to keep our dog dewormed, for your health and that of the whole family.
Home remedies for intestinal parasites in dogs
More and more people are looking for natural remedies for internal parasites in dogs, however, it is important to note that these types of therapies must also be prescribed by a veterinarian, who will supervise the process, and that in no case are they a substitute for pharmacological treatment. Its use can help prevent its appearance but, once the infestation has occurred, they do not eradicate it completely.
Thus, if you want to use some home remedies for intestinal parasites in dogs, it will be important that you consult with your trusted specialist and that do not neglect the prescribed veterinary treatment.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.