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The dysuria or difficulty urinating It is a symptom that can indicate a serious or very serious pathology to the cat owner. Difficulty urinating is usually accompanied by a decrease in the volume of urine excreted or the total absence of it (anuria). Both are a real emergency situation, because the kidney's filtering function stops when urine is not evacuated. Kidneys that do not work lead to kidney failure, a situation that is truly compromised for the cat's life. So, at the slightest suspicion of dysuria or anuria, it is necessary to take the cat to the vet..
In this AnimalWised article we will explain both how to identify dysuria and the causes that can cause it to the cat cannot urinate. Keep reading and find out to describe to the vet each of the symptoms that your feline presents.You may also be interested in: My cat cannot defecate or urinate - Causes and solutions Index
- How is dysuria identified in cats?
- What Causes Dysuria?
- What should be done?
How is dysuria identified in cats?
It is not easy to know if the cat urinates a lot or urinates little, because the amount of urine produced is never directly measured. Therefore, it is necessary for the owner to be very attentive to any change in the elimination (urination) behavior of the cat.. The details to keep in mind to detect dysuria or anuria would be:
- If the frequency of visits to the litter box by the cat increases.
- If the time that the cat is in the litter box increases, as well as the meowing, because the cat feels pain when trying to urinate.
- If the sand doesn't stain as fast as it used to. You can also see abnormal colorations in the sand (hematuria, that is, bloody color).
- If the cat begins to urinate outside the litter box, but the urination position is crouched (it is not marking territory). This is because the cat associates pain with the litter box..
- If the posterior third begins to have stained. Because the animal spends more time in the sandbox, it is more susceptible to staining. In addition, it can begin to be observed that the cat's self-cleaning behavior is less.
What Causes Dysuria?
Difficulty urinating in cats is associated with lower urinary tract pathologies, mainly:
- Urinary stones. They can be made up of different minerals, although struvite crystals (magnesium ammonium phosphate) are very common in cats. Although the cause that can give rise to the stone can be varied, it is closely associated with a poor intake of water, a food with a low amount of water in its composition, a high content of magnesium in the diet and alkaline urine.
- Urinary infections. Infectious cystitis and urethritis usually cause inflammation and narrowing of the urinary tract, causing difficulty in urinating in the feline.
- External or internal masses that put pressure on the bladder and urethra. Tumors in both females and males, or inflammation of the prostate (rare in cats).
- Inflammation of the penis in the cat. Mainly due to the presence of hairs that wrap around it.
- Traumatic. There may be a rupture of the urine bladder. Urine continues to be produced, but is not evacuated to the outside. It is a very dangerous situation for the cat, as it suffers the risk of acute peritonitis due to the presence of urine in the abdominal cavity.
What should be done?
The owner must be aware that anuria is a potential situation of death of the animal in 48-72 hours, due to the fact that acute renal failure is generated and can enter a uremic coma in a short time, as a consequence of the accumulation of toxins in the organism. The more time that passes between the onset of dysuria or anuria and the visit the vet, the worse the prognosis for the animal. Therefore, as soon as you identify that the cat cannot urinate, you should go to a specialist to examine it and determine both the cause and the treatment..
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.