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One of the ambulation problems that our dog can suffer is the hip dislocation. It is a disorder that will undoubtedly need veterinary intervention, being a situation that will require rapid attention, since, as we will see, it will completely affect the life of the animal, which will see its mobility compromised, in addition to suffer considerable discomfort. In this AnimalWised article we are going to review the symptoms that can occur hip dislocation in dogs, in addition to stating what will be the treatment of choice.You may also be interested in: Hip fracture in dogs - Symptoms, treatment and care Index
- Dog's hip
- Symptoms of hip dislocation in dogs
- Treatment of hip dislocation in dogs
The hip bone plays a very important role in our dog's ambulation. In its acetabulums the femur of each leg is articulated, therefore, depending on the place that is affected by the dislocation, the movement, that is, the dog's ability to walk, will be more or less compromised. To dislocate a hip a very strong blow is necessary, such as that which can be caused by a fall from a considerable height or a run over, since a great force must be applied in order to displace this structure. It can also be caused by a bad fall. Hip dislocation in dogs is usually accompanied by other injuries caused in the accident. Without loss of time, we must transfer our dog to the veterinarian to proceed with its evaluation.
Symptoms of hip dislocation in dogs
Within the clinical picture that can cause hip dislocation in dogs, the following symptoms stand out:
- Sudden onset pain.
- Difficulty or inability to walk.
- Depending on the dislocation, one or both legs in an "abnormal" posture, for example, with the knee facing outward and the heel inward..
Treatment of hip dislocation in dogs
The veterinarian is the one who should assess the extent of the injury. It must be a veterinarian with up-to-date knowledge of traumatology, since it is important to make a good diagnosis, as well as to implement an appropriate treatment. The presence of associated fractures must be ruled out. The chosen test is usually radiography. It is not strange that the dog should be sedated, firstly to avoid the pain that the manipulation would entail, necessary for the correct diagnosis, and, secondly, to achieve the immobility that is required to position the dog so that the X-rays are well done. what is basic to have certainty in the diagnosis. In addition, for return the dislocated hollows to their position, it is necessary to anesthetize the animal.
Depending on the extent of the injury, the vet will choose immobilization or surgery, accompanied, in any case, by anti-inflammatory and analgesic treatment to minimize pain. Sometimes an antibiotic is also prescribed, especially if there are wounds (remember that it is easy for hip dislocation in dogs to be due to a blow) or surgery is required. In addition, we must keep the dog controlled, with minimal mobility and preventing him from performing abrupt activities or jumping, especially if surgery has been opted for, which will require a postoperative period with enough rest for the recovery to be complete. It may even be necessary to confine the dog in a cage if the specialist considers it appropriate.
The walks should be done on a short leash. As well physiotherapy is recommended, with exercises that passively move the joint. It highlights the beneficial role of swimming that will help to regain muscle tone and joint flexibility. And, regarding recovery, although it is possible for the dog to fully recover the functions of its leg or legs, on occasions, especially in the case of associated injuries such as fractures, it can maintain a slight limp that in no case will prevent it. carry out your usual activities.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.