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The benefits of salmon oil for dogs and cod liver oil, among others, are becoming more and more known, however, ¿they can also eat fish? ¿What Kinds of Fish are Good for Dogs? ¿How should we give it to them? ¿Do they need to be cooked or, on the contrary, can they be eaten raw? Undoubtedly, these are just some of the doubts that assail us when we decide to start homemade diets for dogs or hybrid food, in which both feed and food prepared by us are offered to the animal. Of course, if you are one of those who opt for this last option, you should know that it is not recommended to mix feed with natural food in the same dish, it is necessary to offer it separately and at different times of the day. This is so because these products follow completely different digestive processes and, therefore, having the dog eat them at the same time could develop serious health problems, such as gastric torsion..
If you want to answer all your questions, keep reading and discover in AnimalWised if dogs can eat fish and how.You may also be interested in: Can Cats Eat Fish? Index
- What fish are good for dogs?
- Benefits of fish for dogs
- How to give fish to my dog?
What fish are good for dogs?
effectively, fish is good for dogs And despite popular beliefs about the consumption of this product, none of them usually show signs of toxicity in dogs, except in cases of allergy to fish. Thus, we can offer our furry companions any kind of fish, both white and blue, since each one offers different benefits and interesting properties for the correct development of dogs. Of course, taking into account that blue fish contains a higher caloric intake than white, if for example our dog needs to lose some weight, it is much more advisable to opt for white rather than blue. Likewise, this higher caloric intake also translates into a higher percentage of omega 3 fatty acids, so that oily fish is more indicated to improve the coat of dogs, as well as protect their immune system and prevent the appearance of diseases cardiovascular.
As dogs are carnivorous animals, in which the protein intake must occupy the highest percentage of their total diet, both meat and fish consumption is recommended to cover it. The important thing when we decide to venture into the elaboration of homemade diets for our animals is to cover all their nutritional needs, maintain a correct balance between phosphorus and calcium, and work with quality products, being organic the most recommended.
Now, although all fish are good for dogs, it is true that some of them stand out above the rest for the benefits they offer our four-legged friends. In this way, most recommended fish are as follows:
Benefits of fish for dogs
As we have seen, both white and blue fish have great benefits for dogs, so including them in their diet is more than recommended. However, ¿what exactly are those benefits? Without a doubt, the first of them, common in both types of fish, is the high protein intake. As we have already indicated, dogs are carnivores by nature, and they require proteins of animal origin to stay healthy and strong, since without them their body could not produce the enzymes, hormones, tissue and cells necessary for their proper functioning. As for the rest of the properties of weighing for dogs, we will go on to detail them depending on the type:
Benefits of white fish for dogs
White fish, also known as lean fish, differ from blue fish, mainly due to the percentage of fat and, therefore, fatty acids in their composition, being much lower in whites. In general, 100 grams of white fish usually provides around 110 kcal, so it is highly beneficial for those obese dogs that require a special diet to lose weight. Likewise, it is also a product recommended for elderly dogs, both for its protein content and for its low caloric intake and other benefits that we name below.
White fish is also an excellent natural source of B vitamins, with B3, B9 and B12 being the most prominent, and vitamin A. On the other hand, it provides dogs with a considerable amount of essential minerals for their proper development. , such as calcium and phosphorus, already mentioned above. As we indicated, maintaining the balance between these minerals is essential to avoid a deficiency of one of them, since if the dog's body detects that, for example, it needs more calcium, it will tend to extract it from its own bones, something totally counterproductive . In this way, by offering this food to our furry friend, we not only avoid this situation, but we also favor his bone system and help him prevent the development of pathologies related to it such as osteoporosis, arthritis or arthrosis..
Although in the previous section we highlight hake as the most recommended white fish for dogs, we can offer them any other type, such as cod, sea bream, etc..
Benefits of oily fish for dogs
Blue fish, unlike white fish, has a high percentage of fat. However, the fats that we find in this type of fish are called 'polyunsaturated ', being the omega 3 fatty acid the present in blue fish. In this way, we see how the products that are part of this food group represent one of the best natural sources of omega 3, a very beneficial substance for dogs. These fatty acids improve the hair health of the animal, enhancing its shine, increasing softness and restoring vitality to its coat. Likewise, omega 3 has the ability to protect the animal against possible cardiovascular diseases that it may develop, because it considerably reduces the formation of plaques in the blood vessels. On the other hand, it also has important anti-inflammatory properties, indicated for patients with joint pain such as that produced by canine arthritis.
In addition to its omega 3 content, oily fish is good for dogs because of the variety of vitamins that compose it, being vitamin D, A, B12, B3, B2 and B1 the most prominent.
The ideal is to offer salmon, since it is the blue fish that most favors the health of our furry friends, however, mackerel, sardines, tuna and herring are also advisable.
How to give fish to my dog?
Now that you know that dogs can eat fish and what its benefits are, the time has come to talk about the different ways to offer this product and include it in their daily diet. In this sense, the ideal and most recommended is previously cook the fish and remove all the bones, since in this way we manage to eliminate any type of bacteria. To do this, it is best to make the fish boiled or grilled, never fried or battered. Of course, to keep all its properties intact, it is necessary to cook the fish at a low temperature, without exceeding 70 degrees, and leave it semi-raw, so that it is sealed on the outside and slightly raw on the inside. In case of following the BARF diet and wanting to offer the animal raw fish, it will be necessary to ensure its origin to confirm its quality..
Once the fish is cooked, we will wait for it to cool to crumble it and serve it with a jet of olive oil, the first cold pressing being the most beneficial for the dogs. For more information, don't miss our article on the benefits of olive oil for dogs.
On the other hand, we can also offer canned fish versions from time to time, always natural or in olive oil. An example of this is canned tuna.
¿How much fish can I feed my dog??
There is some controversy as to the exact amount of protein that a dog should consume per day, since some professionals argue that it should be around 80% while others suggest that the ideal is 70%. We recommend that you test both percentages and determine for yourself which is the best for your dog. In any case, the remaining 30 or 20% should be occupied with fruits and vegetables good for dogs, and even cereals such as rice or oats some day a week.
Now, if you are looking for an approximate amount in grams we can say that, for every 10 kilos of weight, it can be offered to the dog between 120 and 150 grams of fish per day. On the other hand, it is not advisable to feed the animal with fish every day, remember that the consumption of meat, such as chicken or turkey, is essential to maintain its health in perfect condition, with the exception of those cases allergic to certain meats. Thus, you can reserve two days a week, for example, for preparing recipes with fish.
¿I can mix fish with other foods?
Of course, as long as you keep the amounts indicated. In this way, you can combine the fish with pieces of boiled vegetables such as carrots or squash, or with a little boiled rice. Of course, if you wonder if you can mix fish with dog food, the answer is a resounding NO. As we have already indicated, natural foods and commercial feed require different digestive times and processes, so offering them at the same time could cause serious health problems and damage the animal's digestive system..