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Potatoes are a very common food in every home. They allow multiple preparations, provide low-calorie carbohydrates and are inexpensive. Therefore, it is not surprising that caregivers wonder if dogs can eat potatoes.
In this AnimalWised article we are going to answer this question. Although dogs are carnivores, they accept the consumption of other foods, among which potatoes can be found, as long as we take into account the considerations explained below. Read on to find out if potato is toxic to dogs or not.You may also be interested: Can dogs eat kiwi? Index
- Is potato good for dogs?
- Can dogs eat raw potatoes?
- Can dogs eat potato chips?
Is potato good for dogs?
The potato, potato or, in its scientific name, the Solanum tuberosum is a herbaceous plant that has different stems. One of them is underground and is the tuber, thickened to store nutrients in different ways, such as elongated or rounded, and colors that vary between brownish, purplish or reddish, with a white or yellowish pulp. It is a plant from South America and has been cultivated for about 8,000 years. In the 16th century it also spread throughout Europe and today it is one of the most consumed foods in the world. There are different varieties of potatoes suitable for different preparations.
Regarding its nutritional value, it provides about 77 kcal per 100 grams, 19 grams of carbohydrates, vitamins such as C or B3 or niacin, as well as minerals such as potassium, phosphorus or magnesium. The green parts of potatoes are toxic, since they contain a substance called solanine. This hue may be due to the fact that they are not yet ripe or because they have been in the sun. Solanine poisoning produces gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Peeling the potato or cooking it we reduce the amount of solanine.
Taking all this into account, dogs can eat potatoes, although they should not be the main ingredient in your diet, that is, occasional consumption is recommended. For example, we could give cooked potato to dogs with diarrhea, accompanied by cooked chicken without skin or salt or sauce, as part of a soft diet before returning to their usual diet, of course, always following the advice of the veterinarian.
Potatoes are also sometimes included as an ingredient in the diets of dogs with a food allergy or in exclusion diets, which are those that are prescribed when such an allergy is suspected. They are formulated with the minimum ingredients and with those that the dog has not consumed previously. If the symptoms disappear with the new menu, the diagnosis is confirmed. Therefore, dogs can eat potatoes, but with the caveats that we will see below.
Can dogs eat raw potatoes?
Not recommended Offer the dog raw potatoes or allow him to play with them and nibble them and he may swallow a piece, whether they are found with or without skin. If the potato were green, the amount of solanine present could lead to the appearance of disorders in the digestive system that, depending on the amount and characteristics of the dog, may be more or less intense. Also, raw potatoes are indigestible. So much so, that raw potatoes are part of the list of prohibited fruits and vegetables for dogs.
Can dogs eat potato chips?
The problem with potato chips is that they are fried in oil and a large amount of salt is added to them. Thus, if the cooked potato can be consumed by dogs in a specific way or as part of an exclusion diet, the bag potatoes they are not a healthy option. Not for humans either. And this is due to the fact that in their production process they incorporate fat and salt. Although fats are essential in any diet, they must be healthy and consumed in the right amount. On the other hand, salt should not be part of any dog's diet. In fact, too much salt can even be toxic for dogs, causing vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, lethargy, incoordination, excessive thirst or increased urine output, as well as neurological disorders such as seizures. In the most severe cases, coma and eventually death occur.
On the other hand, there is a relationship between these potatoes and the pancreatitis in dogs. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas and one of its causes is an excess of fat, that is, if the dog eats potato chips, it could suffer an episode of pancreatitis. An acute attack is characterized by vomiting and severe pain in the abdomen. It can be noticed because the dog has its belly tucked up and can even adopt what is known as a prayer posture, with the chest pressed to the ground and the rump in the air. Affected dogs may also experience diarrhea, followed by dehydration, general weakness and, in the most severe cases, shock..
This condition usually requires hospitalization of the dog in the veterinary clinic, where it must be kept for several days without eating any food so that the pancreas can recover. It is also necessary to administer analgesics to control pain and antibiotics to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Some specimens will need an operation if the aforementioned treatment is not sufficient. Pancreatitis is a disease of considerable severity that can cause the death of the dog, so, to prevent, we must refrain from giving the dog potato chips and never leave them within reach.
If you want to know more toxic foods for dogs, do not miss the article Prohibited foods for dogs.