Can dogs eat broccoli and cauliflower?

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Yes, dogs can eat broccoli and cauliflower in moderate amounts and without exceeding the recommended daily percentage. But, ¿What are the benefits of these foods? In this AnimalWised article we explain how to give these vegetables to our four-legged friends, how much is adequate and how often.

Natural food is ideal to base the dog's diet on it, as long as a correct balance between proteins, minerals and vitamins is maintained, but it is also perfect for offering homemade snacks. In this way, both broccoli and cauliflower can be an excellent natural reward every time your dog deserves it. Keep reading and discover the Benefits of Broccoli and Cauliflower for Dogs.

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  1. Benefits of broccoli for dogs
  2. Benefits of cauliflower for dogs
  3. How to give broccoli and cauliflower to a dog?
  4. Can Dogs Eat Raw Broccoli?

Benefits of broccoli for dogs

Broccoli is a variety of cabbage and, therefore, is a vegetable that belongs to the cruciferous family. It is considered one of the most beneficial foods for the body, especially humans. Although the impact on the health of the dog is less noticeable, it also provides multiple benefits and properties that we will detail below.

Nutritional composition of broccoli (100 g)

According to the United States Department of Agriculture, 100 grams of cooked broccoli It has:

  • Water: 89.25 g
  • Energy: 35 kcal
  • Protein: 2.38 g
  • Carbohydrates: 7.18 g
  • Total fiber: 3.3 g
  • Total sugars: 1.39 g
  • Calcium: 40 mg
  • Iron: 0.67 mg
  • Magnesium: 21 mg
  • Phosphorus: 67 mg
  • Potassium: 293 mg
  • Sodium: 41 mg
  • Zinc: 0.45 mg
  • Folate: 108 μg
  • Vitamin C: 64.9 mg
  • Vitamin A: 77 μg
  • Vitamin E: 1.45 mg
  • Vitamin K: 141.1 μg

When cooking food in water, some properties decrease while others increase. In this way, the composition of raw broccoli is the next:

  • Water: 89.30 g
  • Energy: 34 kcal
  • Protein: 2.82 g
  • Carbohydrates: 6.64 g
  • Total fiber: 2.6 g
  • Total sugars: 1.7 g
  • Calcium: 47 mg
  • Iron: 0.73 mg
  • Magnesium: 21 mg
  • Phosphorus: 66 mg
  • Potassium: 316 mg
  • Sodium: 33 mg
  • Zinc: 0.41 mg
  • Folate: 63 μg
  • Vitamin C: 89.2 mg
  • Vitamin A: 31 μg
  • Vitamin E: 0.78 mg
  • Vitamin K: 101.6 μg

Rich in vitamins

Its richness in vitamins C, A, E and K make the dog can benefit from all the properties that they carry. In this way, it acquires the healing properties of vitamin C and E, as well as the antiviral properties of the second, favors its vision, coat, nails and teeth thanks to vitamin A, helps protect your heart and bones due to benefits of vitamin K, strengthens your immune system and promotes the detoxification of your body for all of them.

Powerful antioxidant

Both the amount of vitamins mentioned as well as that of carotenes and flavonoids make broccoli an excellent natural source of antioxidants. This means that the dog is less likely to suffer premature cellular oxidation, which would promote the development of cardiovascular problems or the appearance of tumors..

Improves digestion

Thanks to the fiber and quantity of minerals it has, broccoli benefits the animal's digestion as long as it is taken in the right amount. A non-recommended dose can have the opposite effect, and we will see why later. But, as we said, correctly provided this vegetable can prevent and treat constipation in dogs.

Fight anemia

Due to the folate and iron present in broccoli, this food helps fight anemia and prevent it. Of course, it should be noted that this product should never be the only solution for anemic dogs, since it is necessary to follow the guidelines established by the veterinarian to treat anemia in dogs correctly.

Suitable for diabetic dogs

Dogs with diabetes can consume broccoli without problem and, in addition, see the consequences that this disease can develop in them reduced. Due to the antioxidant properties of this food, the benefits it brings to the cardiovascular and immune system, it is capable of prevent possible damage to blood vessels, a fact that minimizes the chances of suffering from problems related to the heart or the brain, for example. Of course, this is not an exact science and just by including broccoli in the dog's diet we cannot guarantee that such damage will never occur, but if we add it to a proper diet and exercise, we will reduce the possibilities.

Benefits of cauliflower for dogs

As with broccoli, cauliflower is a variety of cabbage and is also part of the cruciferous family. Although its nutritional composition and benefits are practically the same as those of the previous vegetable, it is true that we can observe some differences.

Nutritional composition of cauliflower (100 g)

Next, we show the composition of 100 grams of raw cauliflower according to the United States Department of Agriculture:

  • Water: 92.07 g
  • Energy: 25 kcal
  • Protein: 1.92 g
  • Carbohydrates: 4.97 g
  • Total fiber: 2 g
  • Total sugars: 1.91 g
  • Calcium: 22 mg
  • Iron: 0.42 mg
  • Magnesium: 15 mg
  • Phosphorus: 44 mg
  • Potassium: 299 mg
  • Sodium: 30 mg
  • Zinc: 0.97 mg
  • Folate: 57 μg
  • Vitamin C: 48.2 mg
  • Vitamin E: 0.08 mg
  • Vitamin K: 15.5 μg

For its part, cooked cauliflower presents the following nutritional composition:

  • Water: 93 g
  • Energy: 23 kcal
  • Protein: 1.84 g
  • Carbohydrates: 4.11 g
  • Total fiber: 2.3 g
  • Total sugars: 2.08 g
  • Calcium: 16 mg
  • Iron: 0.32 mg
  • Magnesium: 9 mg
  • Phosphorus: 32 mg
  • Potassium: 142 mg
  • Sodium: 15 mg
  • Zinc: 0.17 mg
  • Folate: 44 μg
  • Vitamin C: 44.3 mg
  • Vitamin E: 0.07 mg
  • Vitamin K: 13.8 μg

Comparison with broccoli

In general, both vegetables have the same benefits, That is why in this section we will focus on explaining the difference between them. As you may have seen after reviewing the nutritional composition of the two foods, cauliflower has a lower amount of minerals and vitamins than broccoli, and this fact is also reflected in the impact of the properties and benefits on the animal's body. In this way, if you hesitate between offering broccoli or cauliflower to your dog, we recommend that you opt for the first of them. However, if the question is whether you can give both foods equally, the answer is yes. In fact, the ideal is to alternate them so as not to always give the dog the same food and to prevent it from getting tired.

How to give broccoli and cauliflower to a dog?

Before proceeding to establish a homemade diet for dogs, it is essential to take into account that their digestive system is different from ours and, therefore, they do not metabolize food in the same way. Thus, a food that is excellent for humans, for them can be harmful in the wrong amounts, and this is precisely what happens with the crucifers mentioned in this article. Although we have stated that dogs can eat broccoli and cauliflower, we also ensure that, due to certain substances that make up these foods, a excess can lead to stomach problems typical of intoxication.

In general, the presence of fruits and vegetables should not exceed 10-15% of your total diet daily, and it is always advisable to provide a variety of products each day. In this way, it is best to give your dog broccoli and cauliflower from time to time and try to maintain this ratio. To vary your menu, we recommend you consult the article with the most recommended fruits and vegetables for dogs.

The dog is a mainly carnivorous animal. Due to the domestication that it has suffered for years, its digestive system has been able to adapt and tolerate certain foods typical of an omnivorous animal. However, it is still prepared to digest especially meat and fish and, therefore, we emphasize the importance of maintaining a correct ratio between animal and vegetable protein. However, this does not mean that all dogs are the same and these figures should be applied to the letter. It is important to get to know each dog, observe their reactions to eating a new food and, little by little, discover how much of it is best for them. This will also help you determine if, for example, your dog suffers from a food allergy and, therefore, you should remove it from its diet. In this sense, if after eating broccoli or cauliflower your dog vomits or has diarrhea, do not feed it again and opt for another food.

Can Dogs Eat Raw Broccoli?

Yes, dogs can eat raw broccoli provided the central stem is removed and washed thoroughly. However, at AnimalWised we always recommend lightly cooking food before offering it to the dog for a simple reason: to eliminate any presence of bacteria. If you want to offer raw food, we recommend opting for organic or good quality broccoli.

¿And they can eat raw cauliflower?

As well. Dogs can eat raw and boiled cauliflower, as long as the center stem and leaves are removed.

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