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The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) is a herbivorous rodent that feeds mainly on hay, a dry legume that ensures essential fiber intake and is also essential for intestinal mobility. Apart from the pellets, that should be offered in a moderate way, the guinea pig requires an external contribution of vitamin C, through the consumption of fruits and vegetables, since it is not able to synthesize it by itself.
It is very important to know in depth the fruits and vegetables recommended for guinea pigs, due to their fundamental role in nutrition, as well as to be able to offer a varied diet, which will also have a better well-being and enrichment.
In this AnimalWised article we offer you a complete list of recommended fruits and vegetables for guinea pigs, Read on to discover what they are and some recommendations when offering them:You may also be interested in: Recommended fruits and vegetables for rabbits Index
- Recommended fruits for guinea pigs
- Recommended vegetables for guinea pigs
- General tips for guinea pig diet:
Recommended fruits for guinea pigs
In the wild, guinea pigs do not eat cereals, tubers or fruits, therefore, we must moderate the consumption of this type of food and use it in a timely manner., only as a prize. In addition, of all fruits, we must avoid those that are citrus. We can offer pieces of fruit to our guinea pig between two and four times a week. Do not forget to wash them beforehand, dice them and remove the bones.
Some good fruits for guinea pigs are:
Extra information about the fruit:
As we have mentioned, it will be essential to avoid excess fruit in the guinea pig's diet, mainly due to its high water content, which can cause diarrhea, as well as its high amount of sugar. The most recommended fruit is undoubtedly the apple, although pineapple and banana can also be recommended.
Recommended vegetables for guinea pigs
In the wild, the guinea pig would feed primarily on hay, fresh grass, and green leafy plants, for that reason, it may be interesting to acquire arable grass for rodents, which will also help maintain healthy teeth and prevent tooth overgrowth. We must offer vegetables on a daily basis. Do not forget to wash any food well before offering it and cut it into small pieces if it is very large..
Some vegetables that a guinea pig can eat are:
- Red pepper
- Green pepper
- Brussels sprouts
- Green cabbage
- Sprouted alfalfa
- Broccoli (leaves and stem)
- Green beans
- Tender shoots
Extra information about vegetables:
Among the vegetables rich in vitamin C we find peppers, arugula or lamb's lettuce. Meanwhile, celery and artichoke (in addition to hydrating) offer a diuretic function. For sick guinea pigs we highlight the chard. which work wonders to improve kidney or urinary tract problems and artichoke, good for the liver.
Guinea pigs with overweight problems can increase the consumption of eggplant, zucchini and cucumber. On the contrary, guinea pigs that need to gain a little weight can take advantage of vegetables such as endives or squash. The most recommended vegetables are broccoli, cabbage, and sprout mixes.
General tips for guinea pig diet:
Here are some basic tips related to guinea pig feeding, follow them to ensure that its diet is appropriate and that you meet all its nutritional needs:
- Make sure your guinea pig always has his disposition fresh and clean water.
- Pay special attention to the water in winter, as it could freeze if the environment is very cold.
- Choose a good quality hay, fresh and dust-free.
- The guinea pig must have unlimited fresh hay.
- The commercial pellets They contain the necessary contributions of vitamin C to avoid nutritional deficiencies, you must administer them following the instructions on the container proposed by the manufacturer.
- The amount of pellets should be more abundant in young, pregnant, old or thin guinea pigs.
- Check forbidden foods for guinea pigs to avoid poisoning.
- Monitor intake of food and water, as well as the amount of excrement it produces.
- If your guinea pig stops drinking and eating, go immediately to the vet, it is a sign of illness.
- Guinea pigs eat their own excrement, it is totally normal behavior.
- Against being overweight or thin in your guinea pig, readjusting its diet if necessary.
- Visit your vet every 6 to 12 months to perform a general review.