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The first milk the puppy receives should be colostrum, mother's milk at the beginning of lactation, which offers a large amount of nutrients and defenses, although this is not always possible. Sometimes the death of the mother, the rejection of the mother, the abandonment of the little ones or various combinations, will make us need to know how to act in these cases. We know that the first days of life of the little ones are vital to be able to face the world and we cannot waste time.
From AnimalWised we want to help you know how to make a emergency puppy formula, in a homemade recipe.
Without any doubt, breast milk is irreplaceable, always referring to a healthy and perfectly balanced dog. But in the infinity of circumstances that we find ourselves with the need to feed the puppies, this article can help them with the arduous task..You may also be interested in: Feeding newborn puppies Index
- There is no better milk for puppies than mother's
- Ideal levels of milk for puppies
- How to make milk for puppies? - Homemade recipe
- How should our puppy's milk feeds be?
There is no better milk for puppies than mother's
Without any doubt, breast milk, in all species (even in the human species), is irreplaceable. All the nutrients that little ones need The mother offers them to her, provided she is in perfect health. We will not seek to replace this act of love but, as the title says perfectly, to act in an emergency.
Fortunately, in the veterinary market there are formula for these moments that contemplate all the needs of puppies, dog or cat, at this stage of life.
But to start with, we need to clarify some basics about milk and lactose: Lactose in recent years has gotten very bad press due to intolerances and / or allergies in people and, therefore, we animal lovers question it too. But lactose is neither more nor less than a sugar found in the milk of all mammals, vital for good nutrition.
An enzyme, lactase, is produced in the intestines of puppies, which converts lactose into glucose and galactose, which is essential to provide the puppies with energy for the first few days. This enzyme is disappearing from the intestine as it matures and it is unnecessary to continue consuming milk since the time of weaning approaches. This would be the justification for the intolerance of adult milk.
For this reason we must respect the weaning age so that our puppy grows up as healthy as possible and does not have to face diseases throughout his life..
Ideal levels of milk for puppies
In order to assess, or better understand the nutritional needs of our puppy, we must make it clear what we will find naturally in our mothers, be it a bitch or cat :
A liter of bitch milk will provide between 1,200 and 1,300 kcal with the following values:
- 80 gr. protein
- 90 gr. fat
- 35 gr. carbohydrates (lactose)
- 3 gr. calcium
- 1.8 gr. phosphorus
Let's compare it to a liter of whole cow's milk, industrial, where we will find 600 kcal with the following values:
- 31 gr. protein
- 35 gr. fat (higher in sheep's milk)
- 45 gr. carbohydrates (lower in goat milk)
- 1.3 gr. calcium
- 0.8 gr. phosphorus
Observing the nutritional contributions we can highlight that the composition of cow's milk It is half of the contributions of the milk of our pets, which is why we should double the ration. We must be aware that if we use cow's milk we are not nourishing our puppies in the proper way.
For more information, see this other article on Feeding newborn puppies.
How to make milk for puppies? - Homemade recipe
According to vet neonatologists from Venezuela, Homemade formula recipes for puppies, both for dogs and cats, should be composed of the next ingredients:
- 250 ml whole milk.
- 250 ml of water.
- 2 egg yolks.
- 1 tablespoon vegetable oil.
However, the ideal is to opt for The formulas that can be found in the market or that milk for puppies suggested by the vet.
How should our puppy's milk feeds be?
Before starting this type of diet it will be essential weigh our puppies, (with a kitchen scale, for example). Many times we are not clear if they are in their first or second week of life and the important thing here are the caloric requirements:
- 1ª week of life: 12 to 13 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- twoª week of life: 13 to 15 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- 3ª week of life: 15 to 18 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- 4ª week of life: 18 to 20 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
To better understand the previous table we will put an example: if my puppy weighs 500gr and it is a golden retriever, it must be in the first week of life since it still has remains of the umbilical cord and crawls so we should take 13 kcal / 500 gr / day: 65 kcal / day so recipe 1 would last for 2 days. It will depend a lot on the size of our animal and the choice of diet.
As we can see, the requirements change and, normally, puppies would suckle from their mother about 15 times a day, on average, so we should calculate artificially breastfeeding them a few 8 doses daily or every 3 hours. This is common in the first week of life, but then we can space out much more, until reaching 4 doses in the third week when they will begin to eat porridge and drink water..
The care and feeding of newborn puppies must be very intense, especially when they are younger. Do not forget to have by your side a vet to help and guide you In this exhausting and loving task it will be fundamental, mainly so as not to forget any step when it comes to parenting.