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We all wish our dogs never got sick and had to leave. However, the law of nature determines that the cycle of life must be fulfilled in all species. To adopt a best friend who will accompany you for many years, we suggest you meet the healthiest dog breeds in the world. Next, we prepare a list of the dogs that show a good life expectancy and a low genetic predisposition to develop the main canine pathologies.
We must emphasize that there is no race that does not get sick. All dogs need to live in a positive environment and receive adequate preventive medicine to remain healthy. But in this new AnimalWised article, we present you the dog breeds that combine a privileged longevity, great physical and mental resistance, as well as few health problems.. ¡Discover the 10 healthiest dog breeds!You may also be interested in: Older Dog Breeds - Top 10 Index
- Shiba Inu
- Australian grenadier shepherd
- Border collie
- Siberian Husky
- Belgian shepherd malinois
- English foxhound
- Bichon frize
- Finnish spitz
- Why are some dogs healthier than others?
- Is it true that mongrel dogs are healthier?
1. Shiba inu
The shiba inu is a specimen of the spitz group that is among the oldest dog breeds in the world. Traditionally, it is estimated to be of Japanese origin, although some hypotheses point out that they could originate from China or Korea. They exhibit a compact, robust and very resistant body, with short but abundant fur. Shiba inu can be described as small, robust and healthy dogs, capable of withstanding the challenges of life in the wild.
To mention the most common shiba inu diseases, we must highlight hip dysplasia and hypothyroidism. The cinephile associations did not reach an agreement on the longevity of the shiba inu. While some experts point to a life expectancy of 15 years, others claim that these dogs can live up to 18 years. We must remember, on this occasion, the furry named Pusuke, a Japanese mongrel dog, a shiba-inu cross, who reached 26 years and 9 months of life, being among the oldest known canines..
2. Australian grenadier shepherd
Also know as australian sheepdog or australian cattle dog, The Australian Grenadier Shepherd is a dog of medium size, strong, with well-developed muscles and great agility. It admits 2 coat varieties: the red heeler (coat in reddish tones) and the blue heeler (coat in bluish tones).
These dogs share many aspects of their character with the famous border collie. They are extremely energetic, courageous, and highly intelligent. They need to receive the appropriate physical and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. When subjected to a sedentary lifestyle, they can be constantly restless and develop symptoms associated with stress and boredom..
The oldest dog that we know of belonged to this breed. The furry Australian named Bluey became a true legend after reaching the 29 years of life. However, we must clarify that the average life expectancy of the Australian grenadier shepherd is 10 to 14 years. There is a certain genetic predisposition to suffer from hip dysplasia, and diagnoses of progressive retinal atrophy and deafness (generally associated with aging) were also reported in this breed.
The basenji is unique for many reasons. They are considered the oldest dogs in the world, which is usually associated with their remarkable resistance and physical strength. Let us remember that, in ancient times, only the strongest animals and best adapted to the adversities of their environment managed to survive..
It is estimated that this dog is native to Africa, where it would have been used in hunting and tracking terrestrial prey. It gained some international fame as "the dogs that never bark", leading the ranking of the least barking breeds. In fact, these dogs emit a peculiar sound that is quite similar to a laugh and not to the traditional canine barking.
The life expectancy of a basenji remains between 12 and 14 years. With a balanced diet, physical exercises and adequate preventive medicine, these dogs hardly get sick. They are very hygienic, they shed few hairs, and they groom themselves very frequently. Among the frequent diseases of this breed, we find kidney problems (especially the so-called Falconi Syndrome), and progressive retinal atrophy.
4. Border collie
We have no doubt that the Border Collie is a very special breed. These dogs lead the ranking of the most intelligent dogs in the world according to the list prepared by Stanley Coren. They are dogs active, faithful, with great learning capacity and remarkable agility, that need to be properly stimulated both physically and mentally. Therefore, they require a dedicated and willing tutor, with a good disposition of time and space..
They demonstrate a privileged longevity, with a average life expectancy of 14 to 17 years. But like all dogs, they need to receive adequate preventive medicine to enjoy a healthy and happy life. Border collies reveal some susceptibility to developing hip dysplasia, epilepsy and collie eye abnormality.
5. Siberian Husky
The Siberian husky is not exactly noted for its life expectancy (between 10 and 13 years), but for their excellent health and optimal physical resistance. Compared to dogs of their size and robustness, "huskies " have a really low predisposition to most degenerative diseases.
Among the few common pathologies in this breed, we can mention ophthalmological problems such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy and corneal dystrophy. And some specimens may be susceptible to diagnoses of hip dysplasia and cancer in their third age.
6. Belgian Malinois
The Belgian Malinois has a great advantage compared to most sheepdogs. Their cognitive abilities were historically valued more than their physical qualities or their appearance. Therefore, it presents a really very low predisposition to all kinds of hereditary or degenerative disease. The only diseases with moderate incidence in this breed are: hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and corneal dystrophy.
However, we must bear in mind that these furry ones will need a high level of physical activity to stay healthy, strong and healthy. In addition, training and early socialization will be essential..
7. English Foxhound
The English foxhound displays many physical similarities to the beagle. However, they are larger and heavier than their "compatriots": an adult male foxhound can reach 60 cm in height, with a body weight of 30 to 35 kg. Its coat is short, hard, and generally tricolor (white, brown and black), although there are also bicolor varieties (white and brown; white and black).
These dogs are strong, corpulent, presenting an admirable physical resistance and a well marked character. Your life expectancy is calculated between 10 and 14 years, varying according to the lifestyle of each dog. Currently, there are no hereditary diseases of high incidence in this breed. However, some specimens may be affected by leukodystrophy, a rare genetic disorder that affects nerve cells and adrenal glands.
This breed originally from Germany is not very popular outside its native country, where your name means "cute dog ". However, the affenpinscher is an excellent companion dog, which is very affectionate and protective in its family nucleus. They are small dogs, with a height at the withers of 24 to 28 cm, with a body weight of 3 to 6 kg..
His adorable appearance, clearly reminiscent of the Terrier family, and active and fun demeanor, are truly charming. But what really impresses about these furry little guys is their awesome good health. The affenpinscher does not present a great predisposition to any disease, although some specimens may develop hip dysplasia and cataracts in their third age. Their life expectancy usually varies from 12 to 15 years, varying according to the lifestyle of each animal
9. Bichon frize
The Bichon Frize may look like a stuffed dog, but it is a breed resistant and very healthy. It has a moderate tendency to develop overweight, patella luxation (usually due to excessive physical activity) and cataracts in advanced ages. Of course, we must emphasize that these pathologies can be easily prevented with healthy habits, such as a balanced diet and the practice of regular but moderate exercises. Your life expectancy remains between 12 and 14 years.
However, this breed requires a lot of care with its beautiful coat to avoid the formation of knots, eliminate impurities and dead hair. In addition, they need to receive adequate preventive medicine to remain healthy and enjoy a privileged longevity..
10. Finnish Spitz
The finnish spitz It is another breed that does not register a great predisposition to develop any degenerative disease. Some specimens of this breed were diagnosed with diabetes, but we must consider that it is an easy disease to prevent and control. On rare occasions, they were diagnosed with hip dysplasia and Shaker syndrome.
Why are some dogs healthier than others?
¿Have you ever wondered why some dogs are healthier than others? We could spend hours explaining the history of dogs to you, but we will summarize this question for you to understand easily. In the centuries of domestication, dogs were subjected to numerous crosses to highlight (or exaggerate) certain characteristics physical or instinctive behaviors. The aesthetic patterns of the races, as we know them today, are the result of these centuries of genetic selection and crosses. As a consequence, many breeds suffered a marked increase in their genetic predisposition to develop a series of inherited diseases..
However, we must remind you that the longevity and good health of all pets depends fundamentally on preventive medicine, of the care, education and environment that we provide them. Therefore, even if your furry does not appear among the healthiest or longest-lived dog breeds, remember that their quality of life depends mainly on your dedication. Similarly, if your pet is among the dogs with the most health problems, remember that the evolution of Veterinary Medicine allows preventing the appearance of many negative symptoms and improving its life expectancy..
To keep your best friend in good health and allow him to enjoy privileged longevity, don't forget to perform visits to the vet every 6 months, respect their vaccination and periodic deworming letter from their first weeks of life. In addition to offering you a balanced diet, regular physical exercises and reinforced hygiene habits that allow you to improve your physical and mental resistance. And to stimulate their cognitive, emotional and social abilities, invest in their early socialization and proper training..
Is it true that mongrel dogs are healthier?
Mongrel dogs they were not subjected to the intense selective crosses that we mentioned earlier. Their great genetic diversity allows them to avoid the predisposition to suffer the vast majority of hereditary diseases that severely affect many canine breeds. Therefore, mongrel dogs they tend to be older or get sick less often than purebred dogs.
However, we must be very careful not to feed false myths when we talk about the good health of mongrel dogs. These dogs need to receive the same preventive care than any purebred dog. They must also have the affection of their guardians and a positive environment to thrive and remain strong, healthy and happy. Therefore, remember that the longevity of your furry mongrel also depends on your commitment to their well-being..