The black mamba is a snake that belongs to the Elapidae family, which means that it falls into a category of snakes. highly poisonous, of which not all can be part and of which without a doubt the black mamba is the queen.
Few snakes are as daring, as agile and as unpredictable as the black mamba, with a high danger added to these characteristics, its bite is lethal, and although it is not the most poisonous snake in the world (this species is found in Australia), it occupies second place on this list. ¿Do you want to know more about this fascinating species? Then do not miss this Animal Expert article where we talk about the black mamba, the most poisonous snake in Africa.You may also be interested in: The 10 most poisonous animals in the world Index
- How is the black mamba?
- Hunting the black mamba
- The poison of the black mamba
How is the black mamba?
The black mamba is a snake native to Africa and is found distributed in the following areas:
- Northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Eastern Uganda
- South Sudan
- Southern Mozambique
Fits a lot of terrains ranging from the most populated forests to the semi-arid deserts, although it rarely lives in lands that exceed 1,000 meters in altitude.
Their skin can vary from green to gray, but it gets its name from the color that is observed inside its oral cavity, completely black. It can grow to 4.5 meters in length, weighs approximately 1.6 kilograms and has a life expectancy of 11 years..
It is a snake diurnal and highly territorial, that when his lair is threatened he is capable of reaching an amazing speed of 20 km / hour.
Hunting the black mamba
Obviously a snake of these characteristics it is a great predator, but act through the ambush method.
The black mamba waits for the prey in its permanent lair, warning it mainly through sight, then, it raises a large part of its body above the ground, bites prey, releases venom and retreats. It waits for the prey to be the victim of the paralysis caused by the poison and die, then it approaches and ingests it, digesting it completely in an average period of 8 hours..
On the other hand, when the prey shows some kind of resistance, the black mamba attacks in a somewhat different way, its bites are more aggressive and repeated, thus causing the death of its prey in a faster way.
The poison of the black mamba
The venom of the black mamba is called dendrotoxin, it is a neurotoxin that acts mainly by causing respiratory muscle paralysis through the action it exerts on the Nervous System.
An adult human being only needs 10 to 15 milligrams of dendrotoxin to die, instead, with each bite, the black mamba releases 100 milligrams of venom, therefore, there is no doubt that its bite is completely lethal. However, knowing it through theory is fascinating, avoiding it, it is essential to stay alive.