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In this AnimalWised article we offer you a guide to learn how to train basic level obedience exercises on a small scale. Keep in mind that if what you want is to train yourself to become professionally dedicated to canine education, this is not the way. You will have to inform yourself in the different schools to obtain the precise degree.
In this small guide we will show you the five stages that make up the nBasic level of education for all dogs and we will name the exercises that you will have to do. Among all of them, we highlight the clicker load, a fundamental tool for better results. In this way, if you still do not have a clicker, we encourage you to get one to be able to practice the orders detailed below..
Remember that the key to a good canine educator lies in patience, perseverance and the use of positive reinforcement. No dog is born knowing and all require time to internalize commands and behavior changes. Follow the basic level of dog training and tell us the results.You may also be interested in: Basic Dog Orders Index
- Basic level: first stage
- Basic level: second stage
- Basic level: third stage
- Basic level: fourth stage
- Basic level: fifth stage
Basic level: first stage
The first stage of the basic level of dog training consists of getting the desired responses in your dog, generalizing them in different places and times, associating them with visual and verbal signals, and eliminating body language so that it does not interfere with your signals. To do this, it is advisable to start with the exercises that we name below:
Charge the clicker
Since the best way to train a dog It is through positive reinforcement, the clicker will be your great ally. Get it and consult our article in which we detail how to load. Once you have this tool under control and you know how to use it in dog education, you can start working with your dog..
Recognize the name
If your dog is a puppy, without a doubt the first thing you should do is get him to recognize his name. To do this, it will be enough for you to say the name of your dog in different places and situations, and reward or congratulate him each time he responds to it..
Follow the food
In general, all dogs tend to follow food with their eyes, but if your dog does not, you will have to practice this exercise to achieve it. To do this, place a piece of food in your hand, or a treat, bring it to the muzzle of your dog, move the hand with the food to the right, click with the clicker and offer it to him. Perform the same exercise to the left, up and down. It is very important that a few seconds pass between the click and the food offering for the dog to associate that if he follows it, he will get it..
Attend the call
Even if your dog comes to you when you call him by name, we advise you to look for another word to indicate that he comes to your call during training or other everyday situations, such as "come". Since this exercise is really useful, it is interesting to start working on it from the first stage of the basic level of dog training.
The exercise is simple, take a treat, say "come", place the treat between your feet, click with the clicker when the animal comes towards you, let your dog take the treat and repeat the process. You should practice the exercise in different rooms of the house for a better result. We follow this strategy to get the animal's attention and get it to come without having to say the entire order. For more details, do not miss our article in which we teach you step by step how to train your dog to come to the call.
With this exercise, what we want to achieve is that the animal looks at us from time to time during the walks in order to verify that we are still by its side. In parallel, it will be essential to educate the dog so that it learns to walk with us, following the indications in our article.
To get them to look at us and be aware of us, we must practice the exercise outside, during the walks. Take the clicker with you, it is the key to success. So, during the walk, every time your dog turns to look at you, click and give him a treat to reinforce the behavior.. ¡That simple! Over time, you should stop offering food and move on to congratulate him..
With this exercise we want our dog to learn to control himself and not throw himself on us every time he smells the food from our hand, or wants to get something that we have. To do this, sit on the floor or in a chair, depending on the size of your dog, take a treat, cover it with your hand, bring it to the dog's snout, let him smell it, nibble on your hand, lick it, and do everything do your best to get the prize, but don't give it to him. The moment the animal moves away, regardless of the reason, click with the clicker and give it the treat. Repeat the exercise until the dog associates the act of walking away with getting what he wants..
At this point, you can introduce the word "stop" into the exercise after showing the animal the treat and before bringing your hand to the nose. Thus, you will get that just by saying the order your dog moves away.
This order is one of the most basic of dog training, so we include it in the first stage. Teaching our dog to sit will help us in numerous situations in daily life, since we can tell it to sit before crossing the road, when we have visitors, etc. To get him to internalize it, we advise you to consult our article in which we detail how to teach a dog to sit.
Basic level: second stage
In the second stage of the basic level of training, the exercises performed during the first phase should be deepened and mild distractions added, as well as eliminating body language, eliminate food and learn how to use other rewards. In this way, you should continue practicing the exercises and gradually eliminate the sweets to replace them with gestures that attract their attention, such as slaps, and effusive congratulations when they act correctly..
In the case of the exercise "stop ", to eliminate food progressively you must show it on the palm of your hand, the floor or your dog's food bowl so that it learns to control its impulses in any situation. Likewise, all the exercises must be carried out in varied spaces to offer "distractions ", hinder the orders and get them to carry them out at any time.
In addition, you will practice new exercises:
Teaching your dog to lie down is very simple. First, order him to sit down. Then he grabs a treat, holds it up to his snout for him to smell it, and immediately lowers his hand toward his front legs so that he instinctively lies down. At that point, click and offer the treat. If your dog does not lie down but follows the food with his eyes, click, bring the treat to the muzzle and begin to lower his hand slowly so that it follows the food with his body, you will get him to lie down and you can click to give him the reward.
As the dog progresses in the exercise and gets to lie down more quickly, you must enter the command "lie down " while lying down so that it associates it with the movement.
Look at me
This exercise is really useful to get your dog's attention, especially during the training of walks so that he walks with you. Getting it is very simple, you must sit in front of your dog with a treat in hand, as soon as the dog looks you in the eye, click with the clicker and give it the treat. Repeat this exercise until you see your dog move forward. At this point, just when your dog looks at you, enter the command "look at me " and follow the exercise guidelines.
Basic level: third stage
What is intended to achieve during the third stage of the basic level of dog training is to increase the duration of the responses. To do this, you must perform the exercises and mentally say the word "thousand " before clicking and reinforcing the behavior. Little by little it starts saying "one thousand one ", then "one thousand one, one thousand two ", "one thousand one, one thousand two, one thousand ", and so on until it reaches "one thousand five ". If the dog cannot wait, say "No " and start the exercise again..
Besides getting the dog to wait to get his prize, you can work on the following new exercises;
Walk without pulling on the leash
This exercise is essential to obtain calm, relaxed walks without altercations. We advise you to consult our article in which we detail the steps you must follow to teach your dog not to pull on the leash.
Greet people properly
Whether we are used to receiving visitors or not, educating the dog so that it does not jump on people and is patient when greeting and welcoming will free us from more than one embarrassing situation. Check our article in which we tell you how to prevent the dog from jumping on top of people and learn how to say hello correctly.
Basic level: fourth stage
In the fourth stage of the basic level of dog training it is intended further increase the duration of responses while maintaining your position and get the dog to respond while you do different activities. Most likely, you will have more difficulties than in the previous stages to achieve the desired results. Therefore, you must be patient and constant, remember that educating a dog takes time.
At this stage, instead of mentally counting what you should do is take a few steps away to get the dog to stay still while you walk. To do this, you can use the command "lie down ", go five steps away and use the command "come ". When it comes towards you, click and stroke it effusively so that it interprets that it has done well, as long as it has remained lying while you walked away. If you don't hold the position, start the exercise again. You can work through the different exercises using both the command "lie down " and "sit down ".
Since this stage has a higher degree of difficulty, we do not recommend introducing new exercises.
Basic level: fifth stage
The last stage of the basic level of dog training consists of increase response distance, even if it's just a few steps. Thus, you will get your dog to obey you without having to be attached to him.
The exercise is simple, you simply have to repeat the process carried out during the fourth stage, increasing the number of steps. Remember that at first it will not be easy and your dog will not hold the position throughout your journey. However, with perseverance, patience and positive reinforcement you will get him to stay still for as long as you want..