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In its natural habitat, the dog it would feed exclusively on meat, since it is a carnivorous animal. Through the half-digested food of its prey, the dog would also absorb the nutrients and vitamins provided by the fruits and vegetables, very necessary to keep your body in perfect condition.
Since in our house the dog cannot hunt and we are the ones who provide the food to survive, we must take into account what our dog needs to select the best diet for him. Experts always recommend opting for a Variety feeding, composed of dry feed and, in small quantities, natural fruit and vegetables. ¿Do you want to know which are the best? Keep reading and discover in AnimalWised what are good fruits and vegetables for dogs.You may also be interested in: Recommended fruits and vegetables for cats Index
- Benefits of fruits and vegetables for dogs
- Good fruits for dogs
- Good vegetables for dogs
- How to give fruits and vegetables to my dog
Benefits of fruits and vegetables for dogs
In general, quality dog food has the proteins, vitamins, minerals, fats and oils that our dog needs in a balanced way. However, they also present nutritional deficiencies that, in the long run, can affect the health of our dog, such as the lack of fiber and antioxidants.
You have probably heard how important it is for us to ingest foods rich in antioxidants to eliminate free radicals and thus prevent premature aging, but, ¿Did you know that they are also very beneficial for animals? A lack of antioxidants will not be reflected in the dog in the form of wrinkles, but cellular oxidation will manifest itself through cellular lesions that will decrease its immune system and favor the appearance of degenerative diseases typical of old age, cardiovascular diseases or cancer..
For his part, the fiber helps prevent constipation in our dog and supports the digestive system provided it is provided properly. We must bear in mind that the percentage that our body needs fiber is not the same as the one our dog needs. Veterinarians recommend that fiber does not exceed 3.5% of the diet, as an excess could result in a blockage of the digestive tract, among other problems. However, consumed properly it can be very beneficial for our dog..
If the feed that we provide to our dog does not contain antioxidants or fiber, the best way to provide it is through raw fruits and vegetables. In addition to filling the deficiencies of the feed, we will break with our partner's eating routine, offering him a varied diet that will help him not to tire of the food, and we will be able to prevent him from stopping eating feed.
Good fruits for dogs
Although there are many recommended fruits for dogs, You must bear in mind that not all of them are valid, as many others are highly toxic for them. Check out our article on forbidden fruits and vegetables for dogs and avoid consuming them at all costs. The best fruits for dogs are the following:
- Blueberries. One of the most outstanding properties of blueberries is its high antioxidant content, being one of the best fruits to prevent the appearance of heart-related diseases in our dog. They are also rich in vitamin C and fiber. Of course, do not forget to remove the seeds that are inside before providing this food to your dog, it can cause serious damage.
- Apple. Both for its digestive and astringent properties, ideal for treating diarrhea in dogs and other stomach problems, as well as its high content of vitamin C, calcium and anti-inflammatory properties, the apple is a very good fruit for them. Before giving it, remember to wash it well and remove the heart with the seeds. If you want to give him apple to treat diarrhea, it is better to remove the skin, but if what you want is to combat constipation, give your dog pieces of apple with skin.
- Pear. 80% of its composition is water, so its caloric intake is very low. It is a perfect source of fiber and potassium, so in addition to promoting intestinal transit, it will help us prevent cardiovascular diseases and are suitable for dogs with diabetes.
- Plantain. This fruit contains a high content of insoluble fiber, so an excess of it can cause serious consequences in our dog. In very small amounts, it can be beneficial to him and help him to defecate if you notice that he is constipated. If your dog is in perfect condition and you see that after giving it a bite of banana it has diarrhea, eliminate this fruit from its diet.
- Apricot and peach. Both fruits are rich in soluble fiber and, therefore, favor the regulation of intestinal transit in our dog. In addition, their high iron content helps them prevent the appearance of anemia, they are a powerful natural source of antioxidants and are mainly composed of water, so they do not promote obesity in our dog. Remember to remove the bone and the skin before giving this fruit to your dog..
- Strawberry. Like blueberries, strawberries represent one of the best antioxidants, so they are ideal for maintaining the health of our dog's skin and preventing cell oxidation. On the other hand, they are highly beneficial for your bones and have diuretic and digestive properties that improve your intestinal transit.
- Watermelon. They are also mainly made up of water, so providing small, seedless portions to our dog can help him beat the heat. Of course, we must give watermelon in moderation for its high fructose content.
- Cantaloupe. It is an excellent source of vitamin A and E, in addition to having powerful diuretic and antioxidant properties, which are very important to maintain the health of our dog. As with other fruits, we must remove the seeds and chop the fruit before giving it to our faithful companion..
Good vegetables for dogs
Usually, the best vegetables for dogs They are the green leafy ones, due to the great variety of vitamins they contain, antioxidant properties, fiber and a myriad of benefits. However, they are not the only ones, because within the vegetables suitable for them there are also other highly recommended ones rich in beta-carotene.
- Spinach. This vegetable helps our dog to regulate the intestinal movement thanks to its fiber content. In addition, it is rich in vitamins A, C, E, B and F. We must provide this vegetable to our dog raw, well washed and chopped, otherwise it could get stuck in the throat and cause significant damage.
- Lettuce and cabbage. Both vegetables are rich in iron, antioxidants and have analgesic and cleansing properties. Before giving the dog these products, we must also wash and chop them to avoid possible suffocation..
- Celery. Just as for us, celery is highly beneficial, for our dog too. Of course, in moderate quantities, washed and well chopped. It is also a powerful natural antioxidant, so important to maintain the health of our dog in perfect condition, it is diuretic, digestive, anti-inflammatory and strengthens the immune system. It is ideal for dogs with arthritis, as it helps reduce pain. You can provide this vegetable in its natural version, or prepare a juice and give it to your dog once a month, in the morning and on an empty stomach..
- Jewish greens and peas. Rich in vitamins A and C and with antioxidant, digestive and, above all, energy properties, these vegetables are highly beneficial for our dog in moderate amounts. If your dog is a dog that does not use to chew food, do not give it peas, it could choke.
- Carrot. We can say that they are one of the best vegetables for dogs not only for their antioxidant, cleansing and digestive properties, but also for their ability to strengthen their teeth. We will provide you with a good piece of peeled carrot to chew on and help you to remove the bacterial plaque.
- Pumpkin. It is recommended, above all, for dogs suffering from constipation. It is rich in fiber, antioxidant and diuretic, so we can provide it in a moderate way, always peeled, chopped and without seeds.
How to give fruits and vegetables to my dog
As we mentioned at the beginning, dogs are carnivorous animals, so fruits and vegetables must be a complement to help them fill the gaps in the feed. Experts and veterinarians recommend that the 15% or 20% of the diet of our dog is made up of fruits and vegetables, ¡no more!
We must bear in mind that the dog's body is not the same as ours, so it does not require the same amounts of food as we do. Thus, if our diet must be made up of a considerable percentage of fruits and vegetables, yours does not. The high degree of sugar contained in fruits, for example, is not as digestible for dogs as it is for us, being toxic to them in large quantities.
If the feed that we provide to our dog already contains fruits and vegetables, the amount of these raw foods should be less. If it is not made up of these products, then we will have to give it 15% in its natural version. ¿How? We must provide our dog with all peeled and chopped fruits, without seeds or bones. The vegetables, on the other hand, will have to be washed and chopped too, remember that if you do not do it, our dog could suffocate.
It is not advisable to give natural fruits and vegetables more than once a week, nor to always provide the same product. We will have to vary and intersperse them.