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Each animal has characteristics that help it to function in the different environments in which it lives. Cats, in addition to excellent vision, have keen hearing. However, the ear and ears can suffer various conditions, impairing this ability and endangering the health of the feline.
In this AnimalWised article we will talk about the most common diseases in the ears of cats. ¡Keep reading!You may also be interested in: Most common ferret diseases Index
- Diseases in the ears of cats: otitis
- Diseases in the ears of cats: feline notohedral mange
- Diseases in the ears of cats: dermatophytosis
- Diseases in the ears of cats: solar dermatitis
- Diseases in the ears of cats: pemphigus foliaceus
- Diseases in the ears of cats: discoid lupus erimatoso
- Diseases in the ears of cats: otohematoma
- General recommendations for caring for the cat's ears
Diseases in the ears of cats: otitis
Is a inflammation of the epithelium, internal tissue of the ear that is responsible for protecting the hearing organ from external microorganisms, as well as secreting substances. Otitis is a common disease in the very painful ears of cats that can cause temporary hearing loss.
Their Causes are diverse, from Mites Y bacteria until mushrooms or foreign bodies that have entered the auditory cavity, among others. If your cat suffers from otitis, it will scratch frequently, will shake his head and will complain with constant meows. The treatment most common for otitis in cats are the antibiotics, so that the vet will prescribe the most appropriate depending on the cause of the disease.
Diseases in the ears of cats: feline notohedral mange
This type of mange affects both the ears and other parts of the cat's body. It is caused by the mite Notoedres cati, that nests in the cat's skin, especially on the head.
Notohedral scabies causes irritation intense in the ears, causing the cat to scratch very frequently, in addition to flushing, restlessness and even wounds from scratching continuously. Topical treatment is the most common for these cases, although the use of pipettes, shampoo, or injectable medications is also recommended..
Diseases in the ears of cats: dermatophytosis
The dermatophytosis, also known as tub, is a disease caused by dermatophytes, a type of fungus that normally affects the head, legs and ears of cats. It is very common in young felines, especially those that are less than one year old and those with long fur..
Between the symptom of this common disease in the ears of cats stands out the pruritus, in addition to hairless areas Y circular lesions on the affected body parts. Although the disease can disappear spontaneously, it is highly contagious for both animals and people, so it is recommended to attack it as soon as possible. As treatment, ointments or creams are applied, in addition to oral medicines in the most severe cases. See the article "Ringworm in cats - Contagion and treatment " for more information.
Diseases in the ears of cats: solar dermatitis
It is a disease caused by a constant and prolonged sun exposure. It appears in cats whose levels of melanin in the coat are reduced, revealing itself in a light color. Solar dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of scabs Y ulcers, scaly skin on the ears, So if your cat has scabs on the ears and wounds, this may be the cause. In extreme cases, tumors may appear. In addition, it causes pain Y itch, so the cat will scratch frequently, leading to injuries.
As a treatment, it is recommended to immediately suspend sun exposure and place creams and ointments on the affected areas. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
Diseases in the ears of cats: pemphigus foliaceus
It is a autoimmune disease that attacks the cat's head, especially its ears. An autoimmune disease is one in which the affected animal's body destroys itself, since it does not differentiate between good and bad cells..
If your cat suffers from this disease, it will present pustules, sores Y hair loss, what's more itchiness, discomfort, lethargy Y fever. It is very difficult to treat and can cause death if it is not treated in time. The treatment includes from the application of ointments in the affected areas, accompanied by corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, biological therapies, antibiotics, among other methods..
Diseases in the ears of cats: discoid lupus erimatoso
Like pemphigus foliaceus, it is a autoimmune disease that attacks the skin, concentrating especially on the head, where it affects the nose, eyes and ears.
It is possible to detect it due to the injuries it causes, as it leaves open wounds, Besides the loss of coloration in the affected area. It is also appreciated coat shedding Y ulcers. There is no treatment that will completely eliminate the disease, so the veterinarian will focus on reducing the conditions and symptoms. In general, immunosuppressants, antibiotics and topical treatments are used to reduce the ailments suffered by the feline.
Diseases in the ears of cats: otohematoma
It is a disease that affects the pinna of the cat's ears. It can be caused by sudden shaking of the animal's head or by scratching very energetically, with which blood accumulates in the pavilions, which end up inflamed. There are two treatments: the application of anti-inflammatories and surgery.
General recommendations for caring for the cat's ears
It is of the utmost importance to maintain correct care of the cat's ears, since this way the appearance of these diseases is prevented. To do this, we recommend you make a Periodic revision to the outside of the ears to detect any infection, inflammation, foreign secretions or even objects that may have penetrated the cavity.
For cleanings, it is best to go to the vet, he will administer them without risk of damaging your cat's ear canal. However, in the article "Cleaning a cat's ears step by step " you will find a basic guide. Of course, never apply medications without medical supervision, or spray water or any other liquid in your cat's ears without the recommendation of a specialist. Keep in mind that many of the common diseases in the ears of cats described are serious and, even, some have no treatment, so prevention is the key.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.