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Heat stroke or hypertemia is a excessive temperature rise bodily of the cat that can cause damage to your body. In the most serious cases, irreversible damage and even death can occur..
For this same reason, it is essential to know the symptoms of heat stroke in the cat as well as the first aid that we must apply or the basic prevention methods.
In this AnimalWised article we will explain how to correctly identify heat stroke in cats and we will give you the best advice so that you can act quickly if you need it. Keep reading:You may also be interested in: Heatstroke in the hamster Index
- Causes of heat stroke in cats
- Symptoms of heat stroke in cats
- What to do if your cat suffers from heat stroke - First aid
- Tips to avoid heat stroke in cats
Causes of heat stroke in cats
The usual temperature of felines is round between 38ºC and 39.5ºC. Once these levels are exceeded, the cat tries to regulate the temperature by sweating on the pads, the genital area, saliva and may even pant..
Some felines are going to be more susceptible than others to heat stroke, as advanced age, health problems already present or obesity can cause the animal to have a certain predisposition to it.
The most common causes of heat stroke are the following:
- Water: As we all know, cats are very hygienic and neat animals, so water in poor condition, not renewed, and even the lack of it can make it not drink as often as it should be. We must be alert.
- Temperature: High temperatures, humidity and, in general, suffocating environments, dehydrate our pet more easily.
- Closed spaces: Cages, carriers and cars are not appropriate places to leave our cat. These types of spaces, if they are not well ventilated, can reach high temperatures very easily. We must not leave our cat in such spaces.
- Prolonged exposure to the sun: Lack of shade and cool places to shelter can cause an alarming increase in body temperature. It is important to make sure from time to time that our feline is well.
If we suspect that our cat may be dehydrated or suffering from excessive heat, it will be important to evaluate the symptoms that we will explain below. Do not forget that heat stroke is a serious health problem and therefore we must act quickly.
Symptoms of heat stroke in cats
As we have mentioned before, heat stroke can have devastating effects on the cat's body and can lead to multi-organ failure, intestinal bleeding and even death..
If we suspect that the cat may be suffering a heat stroke, it will be essential check temperature using a thermometer. If this is over 42ºC we must act quickly and apply first aid. Other symptoms that are also common in heat stroke are:
- Soft spot
- Muscle tremors
- Profuse salivation
- Elevated heart rate
- Bluish tongue
What to do if your cat suffers from heat stroke - First aid
If our cat is suffering from heat stroke or has a very high body temperature, it will be essential to apply first aid as soon as possible.
At AnimalWised we recommend calling the emergency veterinarian to describe the symptoms we observe and follow their specific instructions. However, here are some tips that you can follow to alleviate their situation:
- It is important to highlight that We should not radically lower its temperature but rather gradually. A too abrupt change could cause hypothermia in our cat.
- Take your cat to a cool place that does not receive the rays of the sun. You can also help yourself with a fan at minimum speed.
- Moisten your mouth slightly with a spray diffuser, for example.
- Apply cool water cloths to the head, neck, belly, chest, and legs. You can use gauze or small cloths, never a whole towel.
- Check his temperature until he reaches 39ºC.
- Moisten your mouth regularly with the diffuser.
The ideal at this point would be to urgently request an appointment with the specialist to help us rule out possible side effects derived from heat stroke. The professional can also recommend the contribution of mineral salts or glucose. We will continue to take care of our cat paying attention to it, making sure it has access to fresh water at all times and avoiding direct contact with the sun.
Tips to avoid heat stroke in cats
Whether our cat has suffered a heat stroke or not, it will be important keep these tips in mind in summer or on excessively hot days. Take note:
- Never leave your cat locked in a car, a carrier or any type of cabin, especially under the sun. These instruments must always be of temporary use.
- Check that your cat always has plenty of fresh and clean water.
- We will always provide a shady area where the feline can be cool.
- In summer it will be advisable to go to the feline hairdresser to trim the coat of long-haired cats.
- We will avoid obesity through exercises for cats, however we will avoid intense and prolonged exercise.
- Offer food at sunset, always in a cool place.
The affection and care for our pet is the true formula to prevent heat stroke. Therefore it is useful pay attention to it regularly and ensure that the 5 freedoms of animal welfare are covered.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.