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The feminine and masculine nature are very different although they complement each other perfectly and the differences between them are manifested through anatomy, physiology and behavior, not only in the human species obviously, since in our dog friends we can perfectly observe these differences if we compare both sexes.
When adopting a dog, sex does not have to be decisive, however, knowing the characteristics and main differences between dogs and bitches can help us make a more appropriate decision and live with a pet that can adapt more easily to our lifestyle.
In this article we expose you the main differences between dogs and bitches, although at the end of the day, leaving aside the question of genders, these animals will always be man's best friend.You may also be interested in: Differences between male and female parakeets Index
- Anatomical differences
- Zeal in males and females
- Differences in behavior
- Living with other dogs
- Choosing sex responsibly
Anatomical differences may be the most obvious between male and female dogs, it is only necessary to look minimally at the animal.
Females obviously have a different reproductive system, which externally we can observe by the presence of vulva and breasts, In addition, they weigh and measure less than male dogs.
Males have a penis and testicles as part of their reproductive system (the urethra therefore also slightly changes its anatomical position), a common question is whether male dogs have breasts, and yes, although they obviously have no reproductive function and are not observed as developed as in females. The males are endowed with a greater height and greater weight, being more corpulent, although the difference in weight and height becomes more or less evident according to the breed..
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Zeal in females and males
Another aspect of great importance to take into account if we talk about the differences between dogs and bitches is the heat or reproductive cycle.
Regarding heat in bitches, we must know that it occurs semi-annually, every 6 months. In this cycle we can observe a period in which the female develops a great receptivity to being mounted by a male, and if we do not want our bitch to reproduce, then we must extreme precautions and surveillance.
Every 6 months we also observe a very different phase in her heat, which is the menstruation phase, which indicates that our dog will have blood loss for approximately 14 days. After the menstruation of the females, the organism of these is with high levels of progesterone, which can induce the well-known psychological pregnancy.
During the psychological pregnancy the bitch can manifest very diverse symptoms: she is nervous, adopts and protects various objects as if they were puppies, seeks to be in isolated places and we can even observe that her abdomen is distended and the breasts are swollen, even reaching power secrete milk.
The zeal of male dogs is very different, since are in heat throughout the year, This means that at any moment they can escape to look for a female that is receptive. Males can continuously show a riding behavior (they can end up riding an infinite number of objects) which is sometimes accompanied by some aggressiveness.
- Both genders
AnimalWised always recommends reviewing the advantages of sterilizing a dog to avoid changes in behavior, anxiety or the appearance of some diseases. In addition, it is also a responsible practice avoiding a possible unwanted pregnancy. ¡Get informed!
Differences in behavior
We have been able to observe that the reproductive cycle or heat of female dogs and dogs is very different, but the release of female and male hormones also ends up affecting behavior in a very noticeable way.
It is generally believed that the female is more affectionate and more homelike, that instead the male is more independent and active ... But this has no scientific basis and these factors they depend on each dog in particular.
What we can say is that hormones determine part of the behavior of dogs, depending on whether there is a higher concentration of female or male hormones..
The behavior caused by sex hormones can be softened after sterilization of the animal, however, it cannot be eliminated, because there are changes in brain development that mark these differences between genders and that are not modifiable.
Females are better adapted to homes where young children reside, because they are more protective by instinct, they are also more docile and respond better to dog training.
In contrast, the male hormones that predominate in males make dogs more reluctant to follow orders, making training more difficult. In addition, in males we can clearly observe a territorial behavior that they manifest through urine marking. Male dogs can also be more aggressive towards dogs of the same sex..
- You should know that, although male dogs may have a dominant or aggressive tendency towards other dogs of the same sex, it can be avoided by good socialization of the puppy. It is essential that all dogs receive it so that in the future they can interact correctly with other dogs, pets and people.
Living with other dogs
If we want to welcome a dog into our home but we already have another dog at home, then sex takes on a special importance, especially if the dogs are not neutered..
- When we put together non-castrated specimens of different sex we will find a problem and that is that the male will try to mount the female all the time. In this case, sterilization will be essential because the female can be hostile if she does not want to be mounted or vice versa if the female does not allow the male to copulate..
Remember the number of dogs that are abandoned daily in the world, do not contribute to a puppy that can end up in a kennel.
- Join two males or two non-neutered females It can also be a problem on certain occasions as they can compete for the same female or male, they can be territorial, they may not like each other etc..
- Finally put together any dog with another being neutered It avoids the suffering of thinking about aggressiveness between the two, a possible pregnancy, etc. However, sometimes (and if they are both adults) conflicts can arise. For this, the best thing is to go to a shelter with our dog and check what attitude he shows with the one we intend to adopt.
Remember that dogs are pack animals, they like to live in a group, For this reason, if you are considering adopting another dog, go to a shelter where you will find friends who will thank you all their lives for having rescued them..
Choosing sex responsibly
As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, the dog is an exceptional pet, regardless of its gender, however, we must be fully responsible with our choice.
This means that if we welcome a male dog we must be consistent with the sexual behavior that it can show and we must know that sterilization of the dog can be a highly recommended option in some cases..
On the other hand, if we welcome a female we are responsible for its reproduction. If we decide that she has pups, we must take into account the future of these puppies as a priority, inform ourselves sufficiently about the pregnancy of the bitch and be prepared to attend her birth. On the contrary, if we do not want it to reproduce, we must opt for sterilization or extreme vigilance to prevent a dog from mounting it.
It does not matter so much to choose a male or female dog, since it is a completely subjective choice, if we are not aware at all times of what responsibility we are accepting.