See Cats files
Adopt kittens or take care of a litter of baby kittens it can be a wonderful experience. However, although these animals are considered independent and instinctive, during the first months of life they require very specific care.
Discover in Animal Expert a complete guide to puppy cat care, where you will learn how they behave, essential accessories for day to day and all the necessary care, from food to veterinary care.
So, if you are interested in knowing how to take care of a puppy cat, This article interests you: you will discover the key factors for proper physical and mental development, as well as some techniques to ensure the well-being of your pet.You may also be interested in: Siamese cat care Index
- The arrival of a cat at home
- How long does it take for a cat to adapt to a house?
- Feeding the puppy cat
- Socializing a puppy cat
- The basic routines for the care of a puppy cat
- Kitten health
The arrival of a cat at home
If you have never had a cat at home before, in this first section you will find some fundamental tips so that your arrival at home is as positive as possible. Paying attention to the necessary accessories and their placement will not only favor an adequate adaptation, but will also help their relationship with you to be closer..
The first step to offer the best care to a puppy cat will consist of provide you with everything you need For the day to day:
- Feeder: it is important that the feeder is far from the drinker and the litter box, as cats are very scrupulous and may stop eating if they consider that their food is too close to these elements. If you also have several cats in the home, it may be interesting to have several feeders to avoid the possible appearance of conflicts.
- Drinker: it must be located in a place of easy access and the water must be renewed on a regular basis so that the feline does not reject it. In addition, it is advisable to use a quality container, such as stainless steel. We must keep it away from the litter box and the feeder and, as in the previous case, it may be interesting to have several drinkers if we have more than one cat at home. As an extra, the purchase of a water fountain for cats should be considered, an element that will also have a positive impact on environmental enrichment.
- Sandbox: it is usually placed in the bathroom, although you can also leave it on a terrace or quiet area. It is essential to have several litter boxes if we have more than one cat in the home and clean them once or twice a week at least.
- Scraper: There are several types of scratchers and finding the one that motivates our kitten the most will be important to prevent it from scratching the furniture. You can get a table type and a vertical one, for example.
- Rest zone: places your bed in a quiet area, away from traffic, so that you can enjoy your sleep without interruptions. Remember that it is essential for the mental and physical development of the puppy cat, as well as for proper learning.
- Nest: When visitors come to your home, on festivities where fireworks occur or in times of stress, your little cat will look for a place to take refuge. You can leave a trundle-type bed or a simple box in a high and quiet place so that it can hide whenever it wants. It is relevant to note that while the cat is in the nest it should never be disturbed.
If you have not yet purchased accessories for your kitten, we invite you to discover the new collection of Maisons du Monde pet products, where you will find quality utensils with unique designs, which are also made with materials suitable for cats. They have porcelain bowls, baskets and especially soft beds, and even a beautiful teepee so you can hide.
How long does it take for a cat to adapt to a house?
The first days of the cat at home are usually very stressful for him and his human family, who only want to receive him with affection and desire to play. However, we must be able to empathize and understand that the little one has been separated from his mother and siblings to get to a place you don't know with people you don't know.
You will probably be very scared and will not want to move from under the bed. Therefore, we must be patient and act delicately. It is normal for him to be shy and insecure.
We can try to earn your trust by leaving tasty bits of food near his hiding place, using toys to encourage him to come out or using a high and sweet tone of voice when addressing him. However, if the little one does not want to go out, we will not force him, but we will respect his space the first days.
The first night we should not expect the kitten to stay in bed quietly, on the contrary, it is most likely that when the home is quiet the little one will take the opportunity to inspect all areas of the house. This will help you find your way around and find all the utensils we've mentioned..
Having a new cat at home is a unique experience and each case is different. Not all cats will behave the same or adapt at the same time, although, in general, we can say that a cat takes between 1 and 4 months to adapt completely to a new house. The same happens when moving.
Feeding the puppy cat
If we have adopted a 1-month-old kitten, it will be important to go to a veterinary center as soon as possible to obtain artificial formula, which will be the basis of their diet from then on. It is very important to point out that a mother should never be separated from her kittens unless it is strictly necessary, since the little ones require mother's milk to receive the colostrum (which contains immunoglobulins that protect the little one) and the care that only its mother can provide. Remember that you can make emergency formula milk, yes, it is a temporary solution.
From 2 months of age we can start the little one on solid food, always progressively. We will offer you small portions of wet food or patés, provided they are specifically formulated for puppy cats. Later we will start moisten dry feed in water (or with broth, without salt or onion) and, once you eat without problems, we can move on to a totally dry diet. We recommend always consulting this process with your veterinarian, who will prescribe the most appropriate food for puppy cats..
Finally, we want to highlight that the optimal age for adoption of a cat is 3 months, at which time it is completely weaned, immunized and has learned the necessary behaviors from its parent: the habit of grooming, urination in the sandbox or the learning feline language among others. At this stage the kitten should already eat solid without problems.
¿It is better I think or homemade food?
Each type of food has its advantages and disadvantages and it is up to each owner to bet on one type of food or another. While the I think balanced contributes all the necessary nutrients For the feline (as long as the label "nutritionally complete " appears on the packaging), it is not always easy to find a quality feed that also has an affordable price for all keepers.
In any case, within the care of puppy cats is adequate nutrition, so that if we opt for this type of diet, we must acquire a feed formulated specifically for puppy cats, which is also of high quality.
On the contrary, homemade diets, either raw or cooked, they are much cheaper and we can guarantee that they are made from natural products; however, they require a veterinary follow-up by the guardian, thus guaranteeing the good health of the feline. In addition, the use of supplements will also be necessary to avoid nutritional deficiencies and strict internal deworming in the case of betting on the BARF diet..
Socializing a puppy cat
It is advisable that the adoption of the puppy cat occurs between the sixth week and two months of life at the most, in this way, it will have started its period of socialization with its mother and siblings and will end it with us.
Socialization is a period that begins at two weeks of age and ends at around two months. It is a sensitive stage, in which the cat will learn to relate with other cats, people and pets, but it will also be essential for a correct adaptation in the environment. No or bad socialization can cause the appearance of unwanted behaviors, such as aggressiveness or fear.
We must be aware that socializing an adult cat is tremendously complicated, sometimes impossible, for that reason it will be very important to continue socializing the kitten once it arrives at our home. We will introduce you to all kinds of people, objects, noises, environments and, if possible, other animals, always guaranteeing positive experiences.
The behavior of puppy cats
We must know that, during the first weeks of life, the kitten has a limited movement pattern; However, from the fifth or sixth week, the kitten will begin to run around and explore the environment, as well as to develop the behaviors of the species, such as hunting animals, marking with pheromones and voluntary elimination. Later the kitten will start develop your senses, then it is when we will observe all these behaviors much more marked.
To finish this section we must point out that each individual is the holder of a Unique personality, so you should take your time to know their behavior in a particular way.
The basic routines for the care of a puppy cat
Here we explain 5 basic routines that any cat should be able to enjoy regularly, as part of their basic care, as they directly influence their well-being, both physical and mental:
Regular brushing will help us keep the coat in good condition and it will allow us to detect any health problem promptly, whether we are talking about diseases of the dermis or the presence of parasites. Also, this routine will strengthen the bond with the kitten, while we provide a relaxing "massage ".
We recommend using a card for medium-haired cats, a rubber brush for very short-haired cats and a rake-type comb for long-haired cats..
2. Mental stimulation
Offering our feline environmental enrichment is essential for prevent behavior problems. It also helps us to stimulate your intelligence and to avoid stress, anxiety and depression. We can enrich your day to day with structures for cats, the use of catnip or a simple box. We can also get hold of intelligence toys, food vending toys or visual and olfactory stimuli. In fact, we can stimulate our cat with practically anything.
3. Physical stimulation
Apart from the activities that help stimulate his mind, encouraging him to do physical activity is essential to maintain his developed musculature. It also helps us prevent overweight and obesity.
We can offer you physical stimulation with all kinds of games and we can even buy you specific objects for it, such as a tunnel for cats. The game time It will also help our cat to stay in shape, if we are able to stimulate it.
4. Play and fun
Cats are animals very sociable and, although many people affirm that they are independent beings, the truth is that this is not the case. A cat may despise his toys after a single play session because they need to be with him someone who encourages them to play and have fun. For that reason we advise you to play with your cat on a regular basis, if it is not possible for you on a daily basis, do it every few days..
5. Love and affection
Apart from all these routines, the cat requires something more: love. He will never be completely happy if he does not have a family by his side who loves him and takes care of him, who allows him to sleep on him or who allows himself to be lovingly licked and nibbled.
False myths aside, the cat it is a very affectionate animalwho, if given the opportunity, can become an excellent life partner.
Before taking your newly adopted kitten home, especially if you live with other animals, it will be essential visit a vet to rule out the presence of parasites or diseases that could be contagious.
So, to finish, we will explain to you what are the key aspects that will help you maintain a good health on your kitty:
Puppy cat vaccination
Although our cat will never leave the house, we ourselves can introduce viruses and bacteria into the home without realizing it. That is why it is so important to start the cat vaccination program at 2 months of age.
The first vaccines to be applied will be the triple feline or trivalent and the leukemia test, with this our cat will be protected against the following diseases:
- Infectious rhinitis
Vaccines will need a dose of annual reinforcement and, to keep our cat healthy, we must strictly follow the periodicity of vaccination.
The deworming of the puppy cat
Deworming our kitten will be a fundamental aspect for its health, especially if it has access to the outdoors or lives with other animals. This routine will help prevent the appearance of internal and external parasites, which is done with various veterinary prescription products, such as pills, pipettes, collars or sprays.
Deworming should begin at one and a half months of age and it is essential that it be supervised by the vet. It is recommended to deworm the cat every 15 days until the puppy is 3 months old, then the deworming will be done once a month until the cat is 6 months old and finally 1 time every 3 months.
We must bear in mind that the professional advice of a veterinarian will be essential since both internal and external deworming must be carried out with products specific for puppy cats and using a fair dose.
If we want our puppy cat to grow up in a healthy way, it will be essential to visit the vet periodically. When the vaccination schedule begins, it will be the vet himself who will tell you how often it will be necessary to carry out full examinations to rule out any signs of disease, but in general it is done every 6 or 12 months.