Sheep farming: advantages, problems and a complete guide for beginners

The sheep farming It is one of the traditional businesses and occupations of the people of some countries of the world. 

The sheep they have been raised as domestic animal since ancient times. 

Usually the sheep farming means "commercially raise sheep for the purpose of producing meat, milk and wool ". 

Although the sheep farming for the commercial milk production not a good decision. 

The sheep they are suitable for the production of meat and wool. If you have the right facilities, you can raise sheep both on a small and large scale.

The commercial sheep farming business it is very profitable and you will recoup your investment in a very short period. 

Before starting a business sheep farming, make a proper business plan and work according to the plan. 

Below we describe more about the main advantages of the commercial sheep farming business and the steps to start this business.

Article index

  • Why does sheep farming?
  • Importance of sheep farming in national economic growth
  • How to start a sheep farming business?
  • Select a suitable farm location
  • Buy quality breeds
  • accommodation
  • Feeding
  • Fencing
  • Care management
  • Marketing
  • Some tips for a profitable sheep farming project
  • Some problems of sheep farming

Why does sheep farming?

The sheep are bred mainly for their production of wool, milk, hides and manure. Sheep meat is very tasty, nutritious and popular with all types of people around the world.. 

The sheep farming business can be a great source of income and to eradicate poverty in arid, desert, semi-arid and mountainous areas. 

It is also a source of income reliable for people who are dedicated to livestock.

  • It is not necessary to have a huge capital to start a sheep farm.
  • You don't have to build an expensive house for your sheep.
  • The sheep farming business require less labor than any other cattle raising business.
  • The sheep they give birth to young frequently, so their herd size will be large in no time.
  • The sheep They eat different types of plants, compared to other types of livestock. Therefore, you can use them to clean unwanted plants from your garden or field..
  • The sheep they barely destroy the trees that goats.
  • The sheep can survive by consuming poor-quality grass and turning food into meat and wool.
  • Sheep products such as wool, meat and milk are used for different purposes.
  • They are very hardy animals and can adapt to almost all types of environments.
  • The sheep they need less space to live. You can even raise sheep with your other livestock animals.
  • With proper care and management, commercial sheep farming activities can be a great source of income and employment. Unemployed and educated youth can also generate a good source of income and employment through commercial sheep farming.

Importance of sheep farming in national economic growth

The commercial sheep farming can play a very important role in the national income of a country. 

Not only sheep but also goats have a great role in national economic growth. 

To the raise sheep on a small scale, the poor can earn additional income. Sheep products are in great demand on the international market. 

Therefore, there is the possibility of obtaining foreign exchange by exporting sheep products. That will directly increase the national income.

How to start a sheep farming business?

The sheep they are small animals. Therefore, starting a commercial business of sheep farming too easy. 

But like other agribusinesses, it will be best if you draw up a proper business plan before you start. 

Always follow some step-by-step process. Here are the steps required to start this lucrative business..

Select a suitable farm location

It is very important to select a suitable location to start a sheep farm. 

Consider the essential facilities for raise sheep, when selecting the place. 

A good source of clean and fresh water, the availability of an adequate quantity of vegetables, good medication, adequate transportation and proper marketing are the essential facilities for starting a commercial sheep farming business.. 

Take all of this into account when selecting the land for your business.

Buy quality breeds

Always try to buy quality breeds from farms or famous breeders. There are numerous sheep breeds available worldwide. 

But all those races not suitable for agriculture in all areas. 

Some races are suitable for commercial meat production and some breeds are suitable for wool production. 

Choose the races suitable according to your desired production purpose. 

You can also consider your races local (if any). Some popular sheep breeds are listed below.

  • Bannur
  • Bellary
  • Cheviot
  • Deccani
  • Hassan
  • Merino
  • Ramboullet
  • South down


The sheep they do not require a luxurious or expensive home. They are happy as long as you meet their basic housing needs. You can even raise them with other livestock animals, in small-scale production. 

But for commercial production, you need to make a separate and suitable house for them. 

Their home must be adequate enough to keep them safe from harsh weather and harmful predators.. 

Usually an adult sheep requires around 20 feet of squire. 

For example, if you intend to raise 10 sheep, then you have to make a house that is 10 feet long and 20 feet wide. 

Keep the ceiling at least 6 feet above the floor. Make a good ventilation system. 

Always try to keep the house clean and dry. Make sure there is enough air and light inside the house. It will be better if you can make a proper drainage system inside the house.


A good nutrition it is essential for proper growth and maximum production. The high quality food they also help keep the animal healthy, productive, and disease-free. So always try to feed your goats high quality and nutritious food. Generally, all types of herbs, plants and corns are the favorite food of sheep. 
According to provide nutritious and high-quality food, always provide your sheep with the right amount of clean and fresh water according to their demand.


Make one close suitable around the grass, if you allow them to graze on the grass. Hold the close strong enough that they can't get out and stay safe inside. A good close it also helps keep all kinds of predators away. You can make a wire or woven fence.

Care management

Good care and management can guarantee maximum profit from your sheep farming business. 

So always try to take good care of your animals. Always try to buy quality and productive breeds, feed them nutritious food and make a suitable house for them.

Vaccinate them in time to prevent them from various types of sheep diseases. And always have a good relationship with the vet, so you can ask for help at any time.


In case of commercialization, you can try your local livestock market. It will be better, if you determine the marketing strategies before starting this business. 

You can also consider the international market (if you have adequate facilities).

Some tips for a profitable sheep farming project

For better earnings, you should follow the modern scientific rules of sheep farming. 

Try to learn everything about the sheep farming business. 

Selection and purchase of sheep, gestation, lamb care, weaning, housing and shelter management, slaughter, record keeping, identification, immersion, health management, etc. are a very important part of the commercial business of the sheep farming. 

Always choose one sheep breed fury. Take special care when feeding your sheep

The maximum profit also depends on proper marketing. So, determine your marketing plan before you start.. 

In a word, for better production and maximum profit, you must perform all these activities perfectly..

Some problems of sheep farming

You cannot run a business without any problems. Breeding sheep is no exception. 

In the case of the business of sheep farming, you may face some common problems, such as protecting your sheep from predators, provision of shelter, protection against cold, diseases, etc..

Among those problems, predators and disease greatly damage the sheep

So make a proper fence to protect your sheep from predators. Diseases are also a great threat to sheep.

 So vaccinate them timely to keep free from various kinds of diseases.

The breeding of sheep and goats is a traditional livestock activity. 

Before starting a farm sheep, choose the right breeds. 

Because the maximum earnings mainly depend on the selection of sheep breeds healthy and high quality. 

Read lots of books, magazines, or web pages about sheep farming. And if possible, visit some farms practically in your area, accumulate experience and finally do it.

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