Classification of dog breeds according to the FCI

See Dogs files

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), known in Spanish as International Cynological Federation, is the world canine organization in charge of stipulating the standards of each breed of dog, as well as defending and promoting their interests. In this way, the FCI is in charge of promoting the breeding of purebred dogs through fixed parameters..

Currently, the FCI has a total of 91 member countries and contracting partners, in charge of training their own judges to study the pedigrees of their country themselves, since the FCI does not issue them. On the other hand, the International Cynological Federation recognizes 343 breeds, all of them classified into 10 different groups. In addition to the final breeds, the organization groups in a separate category all those that it has provisionally admitted.

In this AnimalWised article we have compiled all the groups stipulated by the FCI and we have incorporated the different breeds that make them up, as well as the country of origin. Keep reading and discover the classification of dog breeds according to the FCI.

You may also be interested in: Current and Extinct Mexican Dog Breeds Index
  1. Group 1 dog breeds
  2. Group 2 dog breeds
  3. Group 3 dog breeds
  4. Group 4 dog breeds
  5. Group 5 dog breeds
  6. Group 6 dog breeds
  7. Group 7 dog breeds
  8. Group 8 dog breeds
  9. Group 9 dog breeds
  10. Group 10 dog breeds
  11. Dog breeds provisionally accepted

Group 1 dog breeds

Group 1 established by the FCI is made up of two large sections: sheepdogs and cattle dogs, except for Swiss Cattle Dogs. Each of the sections divides the dog breeds that comprise them by country of origin and includes the different varieties found within each breed, if any. Thus, the breeds that are within group 1 of the FCI are the following:

Sheepdogs

  1. German Shepherd (Germany)
  2. Australian kelpie (Australia)
  3. Belgian Shepherd Dog (Belgium)
  4. Schipperke (Belgium)
  5. Croatian Shepherd Dog (Croatia)
  6. Czechoslovakian Wolfdog (Slovakia)
  7. Slovak Tchuvatch (Slovakia)
  8. Catalan Shepherd Dog (Spain)
  9. Mallorcan Shepherd Dog (Spain)
  10. Australian Shepherd Dog (United States)
  11. Pyrenean Shepherd with Rasa Face (France)
  12. Shepherd of Beauce (France)
  13. Brie Shepherd (France)
  14. Picardy Shepherd (France)
  15. Long-haired Prineos Sheepdog (France)
  16. Komondor (Hungary)
  17. Kuvasz (Hungary)
  18. Mudi (Hungary)
  19. Puli (Hungary)
  20. Pumi (Hungary)
  21. Bergamasco Shepherd (Italy)
  22. Sheepdog of the Maremma and Abruzzo (Italy)
  23. Dutch Shepherd (Netherlands)
  24. Saarloos Wolfdog (Netherlands)
  25. Dutch Schapendoes (Netherlands)
  26. Polcao Plains Shepherd Dog (Poland)
  27. Polish Sheepdog from Podhale (Poland)
  28. Portuguese Shepherd Dog (Portugal)
  29. Old English Sheepdog (UK)
  30. Border collie (UK)
  31. Bearded Collie (UK)
  32. Shorthair Collie (UK)
  33. Long-haired Collie (UK)
  34. Shetland Sheepdog (UK)
  35. Welsh corgi cardigan (UK)
  36. Welsh corgi pembroke (UK)
  37. Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog (Romania)
  38. Romanian Sheepdog from Mioritza (Romania)
  39. Meriodonal Russian Shepherd Dog (Russia)
  40. Swiss white shepherd (Switzerland)

Cattle dogs

  1. Australian Mountain Dog (Australia)
  2. Bernese Mountain Dog (Belgium)
  3. Boyero de Flandes (Belgium, France)

Group 2 dog breeds

The FCI divides this group into three distinct sections: Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossian, and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. Next, we show the complete list of all the dog breeds that make up group 2 of the International Cynological Federation:

Pinscher and schnauzer type dogs

  1. Affenpinscher (Germany)
  2. Dobermann (Germany)
  3. German Pinscher (Germany)
  4. Miniature Pinscher (Germany)
  5. Austrian Pinscher (Austria)
  6. Schnauzer (Germany)
  7. Giant Schnauzer (Germany)
  8. Miniature Schnauzer (Germany)
  9. Dutch smous dog (Netherlands)
  10. Black Russian Terrier (Russia)

Molossian

  1. Italian corso dog (Italy)
  2. Boxer (Germany)
  3. Great Dane (Germany)
  4. Rotweiler (Germany)
  5. Dogo Argentino (Argentina)
  6. Brazilian row (Brazil)
  7. Shar pei (China)
  8. Broholmer (Denmark)
  9. Majorcan Dogo Dog (Spain)
  10. Canary Dogo (Spain)
  11. Dogue de Bordeaux (France)
  12. Neapolitan Mastiff (Italy)
  13. Tosa (Japan)
  14. Row of San Miguel (Portugal)
  15. Bulldog (UK)
  16. Bullmastiff (UK)
  17. Mastiff (UK)
  18. Hovawart (Germany)
  19. Leonberger (Germany)
  20. Landseer continental European type (Germany, Switzerland)
  21. Anatolian Shepherd Dog (Anatolia)
  22. Newfoundland (Canada)
  23. Karst Shepherd (Slovenia)
  24. Pyrenean Mastiff (Spain)
  25. Spanish Mastiff (Spain)
  26. Pyrenean Mountain Dog (France)
  27. Yugoslav Shepherd Dog from Charplanina (Macedonia, Serbia)
  28. Atlas Mountain Dog (Morocco)
  29. Castro Laboreiro dog (Portugal)
  30. Dog of the Sierra de la Estrela (Portugal)
  31. Rafeiro from Alentejo (Portugal)
  32. Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Russia)
  33. Caucasian Shepherd Dog (Russia)
  34. Saint Bernard Dog (Switzerland)
  35. Tibetan Mastiff (China)

Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs

  1. Mountain Bernese Mountain Dog (Switzerland)
  2. Great Swiss herdsman (Switzerland)
  3. Appenzeller sheepdog (Switzerland)
  4. Entlebuch sheepdog (Switzerland)

Group 3 dog breeds

Group 3 of the FCI includes the terrier dog breeds and divides them into four main sections: large and medium-sized terriers, small-sized terriers, bull-type terriers, and pet terriers. Next, we show the list with all the breeds classified by sections:

Large and medium size terrier dogs

  1. German hunting terrier (Germany)
  2. Brazilian Terrier (Brazil)
  3. Kerly blue terrier (Ireland)
  4. Soft coated wheaten Irish terrier (Ireland)
  5. Irish Imaal Glen Terrier (Ireland)
  6. Irish Terrier (Ireland)
  7. Airedale terrier (UK)
  8. Bedlington terrier (UK)
  9. Border terrier (UK)
  10. Wire-haired Fox Terrier (UK)
  11. Smooth-haired Fox Terrier (UK)
  12. Lakeland terrier (UK)
  13. Manchester terrier (UK)
  14. Parson Russell Terrier (UK)
  15. Welsh terrier (UK)

Small terrier dogs

  1. Australian terrier (Australia)
  2. Japanese Terrier (Japan)
  3. Cairn terrier (UK)
  4. Dandie dimmont terrier (UK)
  5. Nerfolk terrier (UK)
  6. Norwich terrier (UK)
  7. Scottish terrier (UK)
  8. Sealyham terrier (UK)
  9. Skye terrier (UK)
  10. Jack russell terrier (UK)
  11. West highland white terrier (UK)
  12. Czech Terrier (Czech Republic)

Bull terriers

  1. American staffordshire terrier (United States)
  2. Bull terrier (UK)
  3. Miniature Bull Terrier (UK)
  4. Staffordshire bull terrier (UK)

Companion terrier dogs

  1. Australian silky terrier (Australia)
  2. English toy terrier (UK)
  3. Yorkshire terrier (UK)

Group 4 dog breeds

Group 4 of the FCI has a single section composed of a single breed known as a dachshund or dachshund. This breed is originally from Germany, it was recognized by the FCI in 1955 and three types are distinguished based on their size and service:

  • Standard dachshund
  • Miniature dachshund
  • Dachshund for rabbit hunting

Group 5 dog breeds

In group 5 the FCI groups all those spitz-type and primitive-type dog breeds, in seven different sections: Nordic sled dogs, Nordic hunting dogs, Nordic guard and herding dogs, European spitz, Asian spitz and similar breeds, primitive type, primitive type hunting dogs. Here is the list of all the races that make up this group, divided by these sections:

Nordic sled dogs

  1. Siberian Husky (United States)
  2. Alaskan Malamute (United States)
  3. Greenland Dog (Greenland)
  4. Samoyed (Russia)

Nordic hunting dogs

  1. Karelian Bear Dog (Finland)
  2. Finnish Spitz (Finland)
  3. Gray Norwegian Moose Hunter (Norway)
  4. Black Norwegian Moose Hunter (Norway)
  5. Norwegian Lundehund (Norway)
  6. Laika of West Siberia (Russia)
  7. East Siberian Laika (Russia)
  8. Russian-European Laika (Russia)
  9. Swedish moose hunting dog (Sweden)
  10. Spitz norrbotten (Sweden)

Nordic guard and herding dogs

  1. Finnish Shepherd from Lapland (Finland)
  2. Finnish Lapland Dog (Finland)
  3. Icelandic Sheepdog (Iceland)
  4. Norwegian Behund (Norway)
  5. Swedish dog from Lapnia (Sweden)
  6. Visigoth Spitz - Swedish Vallhund (Sweden)

European Spitz

  1. German Spitz (Germany)
  2. Italian Volpino (Italy)

Asian Spitz and related breeds

  1. Eurasian (Germany)
  2. Chow chow (China)
  3. Akita (Japan)
  4. American Akita (Japan)
  5. Hokkaido (Japan)
  6. Kai (Japan)
  7. Kishu (Japan)
  8. Shiba (Japan)
  9. Shikoku (Japan)
  10. Japanese Spitz (Japan)
  11. Korea jindo dog (Republic of Korea)

Primitive type dogs

  1. Basenji (Central Africa)
  2. Canaan dog (Israel)
  3. Pharaoh's Dog (Malta)
  4. Xoloitzcuintle (Mexico)
  5. Peruvian Hairless Dog (Peru)

Primitive type - Hunting dogs

  1. Canary Hound (Spain)
  2. Ibizan Hound (Spain)
  3. Cirneco of Etna (Italy)
  4. Portuguese Podenco (Portugal)
  5. Thai ridgeback dog (Thailand)
  6. Taiwan Dog (Taiwan)

Group 6 dog breeds

The classification of dog breeds according to the FCI continues with a group that organizes the hound-type, scent-type dogs and similar breeds. All of them are grouped into three different sections, one for each type:

Hound dogs

  1. Chien de Saint Hubert (Belgium)
  2. American foxhound (United States)
  3. Black and tan dog for raccoon hunting (United States)
  4. Billy (France)
  5. Gascon saintongeois (France)
  6. Great Vendean Griffon (France)
  7. Great white and orange Anglo-French hound (France)
  8. Great black and white Anglo-French hound (France)
  9. Great tricolor Anglo-French hound (France)
  10. Great blue hound of Gascony (France)
  11. French white and orange hound (France)
  12. French black and white hound (France)
  13. French tricolor hound (France)
  14. Polish hound (Poland)
  15. English Foxhound (UK)
  16. Otter Dog (UK)
  17. Austrian black and tan hound (Austria)
  18. Tyrol Hound (Austria)
  19. Styrian rough-haired hound (Austria)
  20. Bosnian bristle-haired hound (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  21. Istrian shorthair hound (Croatia)
  22. Istrian Wire-haired Hound (Croatia)
  23. Save Valley Hound (Croatia)
  24. Slovak hound (Slovakia)
  25. Spanish hound (Spain)
  26. Finnish hound (Finland)
  27. Beagle-Harrier (France)
  28. Briquet grifon vendeano (France)
  29. Blue Griffon from Gascony (France)
  30. Griffon del Nivernais (France)
  31. Griffon griffon of Brittany (France)
  32. Small Gascony Blue Hound (France)
  33. Porcelane (France), recognized by the FCI since 1964.
  34. Medium-sized Anglo-French hound (France)
  35. Artesian hound (France)
  36. Ariege hound (France)
  37. Poitevin hound (France)
  38. Hellenic hound (Greece)
  39. Transylvanian hound (Hungary)
  40. Italian Wirehaired Hound (Italy)
  41. Italian shaggy hound (Italy)
  42. Montenegrin Mountain Hound (Montenegro)
  43. Hygen Hound (Norway)
  44. Halden Hound (Norway)
  45. Norwegian hound (Norway)
  46. Harrier (UK)
  47. Serbian hound (Serbia)
  48. Serbian tricolor hound (Serbia)
  49. Småland Hound (Sweden)
  50. Hamilton Hound (Sweden)
  51. Schiller hound (Sweden)
  52. Swiss hound (Switzerland)
  53. Westphalian Dachshund (Germany)
  54. German hound (Germany)
  55. Artesian Basset of Normandy (France)
  56. Basset azul de Gascogne (France)
  57. Tawny Basset of Brittany (France)
  58. Great Basset Griffon Vendean (France)
  59. Little Basset Griffon Vendean (France)
  60. Basset hound (UK)
  61. Beagle (UK)
  62. Swedish Dachshund (Sweden)
  63. Small Swiss Hound (Switzerland)

Trail dogs

  1. Hannover Tracker (Germany)
  2. Bavarian Mountain Tracker (Germany)
  3. Dachsbracke of the Alps (Austria)

Similar breeds of dogs

  1. Dalmatian (Croatia)
  2. Rhodesian Crested Dog (South Africa)

Group 7 dog breeds

Group 7 of the FCI groups the sample dog breeds and classifies them into two large sections: Continental Pointing Dogs, English Pointing Dogs and Irish Pointing Dogs. Below we show the list with the breed classification according to the FCI of this group:

Continental Pointing Dogs

  1. German shorthair pointer (Germany)
  2. German bristly-haired pointing dog (Germany)
  3. German Wirehaired Pointing Dog (Germany)
  4. Pudelpointer (Germany)
  5. Weimaraner (Germany)
  6. Old Danish Pointing Dog (Denmark)
  7. Slovak Wirehaired Pointer (Slovakia)
  8. Perdiguero de Burgos (Spain)
  9. Auvergne Pointer (France)
  10. Braco de Airege (France)
  11. Bourbon Pointer (France)
  12. French Pointer - Gascony Type (France)
  13. French Pointer - Pyrenees Type (France)
  14. Braco Saint-Germain (France)
  15. Hungarian shorthair pointer (Hungary)
  16. Hungarian Wirehaired Pointer (Hungary)
  17. Italian Pointer (Italy)
  18. Portuguese retriever (Portugal)
  19. Deutsch langhaar (Germany)
  20. Greater münsterländer (Germany)
  21. Little münsterländer (Germany)
  22. Blue Picardy Spaniel (France)
  23. Breton Spaniel (France)
  24. Font-Audemer Spaniel (France)
  25. French Spaniel (France)
  26. Picardy Spaniel (France)
  27. Prediguero from Drenthe (Netherlands)
  28. Friesian retriever (Netherlands)
  29. Wirehaired Sample Griffon (France)
  30. Espinone (Italy)
  31. Wirehaired Bohemian Sample Griffon (Czech Republic)

English and Irish Pointing Dogs

  1. English Pointer (UK)
  2. Irish Red Setter (Ireland)
  3. Irish Red and White Setter (Ireland)
  4. Setter Gordon (UK)
  5. English Setter (UK)

Group 8 dog breeds

The eighth group of the FCI includes all those breeds of hunting retriever, hunting lifter and water dog, classified into three sections:

Hunting retriever dogs

  1. Nova Scotia Retriever (Canada)
  2. Chesapeake bay retriever (United States)
  3. Straight Hair Retriever (UK)
  4. Curly Hair Retriever (UK)
  5. Golden Retriever (UK)
  6. Labrador retriever (UK)

Hunting Lifting Dogs

  1. German retriever (Germany)
  2. American cocker spaniel (United States)
  3. Nederlandse kooikerhondje (Netherlands)
  4. Clumber spaniel (UK)
  5. English Cocker Spaniel (UK)
  6. Field spaniel (United Kingdom)
  7. Welsh Springer Spaniel (UK)
  8. English Springer Spaniel (UK
  9. Sussex spaniel (UK)

Water dogs

  1. Spanish water dog (Spain)
  2. American Water Dog (United States)
  3. French water dog (France)
  4. Irish Water Dog (Ireland)
  5. Romagna water dog (Italy)
  6. Friesian water dog (Netherlands)
  7. Portuguese water dog (Portugal)

Group 9 dog breeds

The penultimate group collects all those companion dog breeds, and divides them into 11 different sections: Bichons and similar breeds, Poodles, Belgian small dogs, hairless dogs, Tibetan dogs, English companion spaniels, Japanese and Pekingese spaniels, small molosser, Chihuahuan, continental dwarf pet spaniel and russkiy toy, and kromfohrländer. Below we detail the list of dog breeds that make up each of the sections:

Bichon dogs and similar breeds

  1. Curly-haired Bichon (Belgium, France)
  2. Maltese Bichon (Central Mediterranean Basin)
  3. Havanese Bichon (Western Mediterranean Basin)
  4. Bolognese Bichon (Italy)
  5. Coton de Tulear (Madagascar)
  6. Little lion dog (France)

Poodle dog

  1. Poodle (France)

Belgian small dogs

  1. Belgian Griffon (Belgium)
  2. Grifon bruxellois (Belgium)
  3. Petit brabançon (Belgium)

Hairless dogs

  1. Chinese Crested Dog (China)

Tibetan dogs

  1. Lhasa apso (China)
  2. Shih tzu (China)
  3. Tibetan Spaniel (China)
  4. Tibetan Terrier (China)

Companion English Spaniels

  1. Cavalier charles spaniel (UK)
  2. King Charles Spaniel (UK)

Japanese and Pekingese Spaniels

  1. Pekingese (China)
  2. Japanese Spaniel (Japan)

Small molosser dogs

  1. Pug (China)
  2. Boston terrier (United States)
  3. French Bulldog (France)

Chihuahuan

  1. Chihuahua (Mexico)

Dwarf Continental Companion Spaniel

  1. Dwarf Continental Companion Spaniel (Belgium, France)

Kromfohrländer

  1. Kromfohrländer (Germany)

Group 10 dog breeds

In the last group of the International Cynological Federation are the sighthounds, divided into three sections: long-haired or wavy-haired sighthounds, wire-haired sighthounds, short-haired sighthounds.

Sighthounds with long or wavy hair

  1. Afghan hound (Afghanistan)
  2. Saluki (Middle East)
  3. Russian sighthound for hunting (Russia)

Wire-haired sighthounds

  1. Irish Greyhound (Ireland)
  2. Scottish Greyhound (United Kingdom)

Short-haired sighthounds

  1. Spanish Greyhound (Spain)
  2. Hungarian hound (Hungary)
  3. Little Italian Greyhound (Italy)
  4. Azawakh (Mali)
  5. Sloughi (Morocco)
  6. Polish hound (Poland)
  7. Greyhound (UK)
  8. Whippet (UK)

Dog breeds provisionally accepted

And to finish the classification of dog breeds according to the FCI, We found the category of dog breeds provisionally accepted. Here are all those breeds that have not yet been accepted definitively and, therefore, are not eligible for the Certificate of Aptitude for International Beauty Champion (CACIB), although they do have access to the FCI titles. This category is not divided into sections like all the previous groups, and is made up of the following dog breeds:

  1. Thai Bangkaew dog (Thailand), would be part of group 5.
  2. Southeastern European Shepherd Dog (Southeast Europe), would be part of group 2.
  3. Danish and Swedish farm dog (Denmark, Sweden), would be part of group 2.
  4. Pastor of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Croatia (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia), would be part of group 2.
  5. Gonczy polsky (Poland), would be part of group 6.
  6. Uruguayan Cimarrón (Uruguay), would be part of group 2.
  7. Russian toy dog ​​(Russia), would be part of group 9.
  8. Australian shepherd stumpy tail (Australia), would be part of group 1.

Leave Your Comment

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here