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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare heart disease in dogs. It occurs when the muscular walls of the heart thicken and become stiff. As a consequence, blood circulation is diminished, as the heart cannot pump enough blood during systole and it does not receive enough blood during diastole. This cardiomyopathy often leads to congestive heart failure..
If your dog suffers from this disease, it will be essential that you go as soon as possible to a vet so that it offers you a diagnosis and you can start the pertinent treatment.
If you need more information, in the AnimalWised article we will give you a general overview of what you need to know about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs - Symptoms and Treatment.You may also be interested in: Canine dilated cardiomyopathy - Symptoms and treatment Index
- Causes, Risk Factors, and Symptoms of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs
- Diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
- Treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
- Prevention of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
Causes, Risk Factors, and Symptoms of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs
To begin with, it is essential to know that the causes are unknown of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs. However, it is thought that it may be related to genetics because it occurs in this way in humans and other animals..
Dogs young males and cubs they are more likely to suffer from this cardiomyopathy. The disease has also been reported more frequently in the following breeds: Boston Terrier, Dalmatian, German Shepherd, and Rottweiler. However, it must be clarified that it is not a high incidence, since this disease is rare in dogs. Most dogs with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no symptoms. However, when they do have symptoms, they are:
- Exaggerated agitation
- Accelerated breathing
- Difficulty breathing
- Frequent panting
- Heart murmur
- Pulmonary edema
- Soft spot
- Lack of appetite.
- Exercise intolerance
- Fainting with strenuous exercise
Diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
The diagnosis of canine hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is difficult because there are often no symptoms and because when they exist they are very similar to those of other heart diseases. The initial examinations are auscultation and physical examination. EKGs, X-rays, or echocardiograms may then be done, as determined by the veterinarian.
Radiographs may show the presence of pulmonary edema and ventricular enlargement in some cases, but in many cases they do not provide useful information. Similarly, electrocardiograms are helpful in detecting arrhythmias, but not all dogs with hypertrophic cardiomyopathies have arrhythmias..
The only reliable test to diagnose this disease is echocardiography, or ultrasound of the heart. Unfortunately it is not available in all veterinary centers, so many times the diagnosis is made by ruling out other similar conditions.
Treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
Treatment for dogs with no symptoms consists of restrict exercise and keep a low sodium diet. Generally these dogs do not need further treatment, although it is necessary to do them periodic vet check-ups to control the disease.
Dogs that already have symptoms are in a more advanced stage of the disease and, in addition to the aforementioned care, may require different medications for your treatment. Diuretics are generally used to reduce fluid build-up, medications to regulate heart contractions in dogs with arrhythmias, and vasodilators. The drugs to be used, as well as the doses, depend on each case and should only be prescribed by the veterinarian.
The prognosis is good for dogs with no symptoms. However, the prognosis for symptomatic dogs will depend on how advanced the disease is. For the latter, the prognosis is often unfavorable.
Prevention of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs
There is no way to prevent hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs, since the specific causes and factors that lead to its appearance are unknown. Keep a healthy lifestyle, not forcing the dog to exercise excessively and avoiding foods for humans that dogs cannot eat are some useful tips that we can follow. Obviously before any symptoms of discomfort it will be important to go to the vet.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.