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Those of you who have a bunny or are thinking of hosting one in your home will be very interested in this AnimalWised article. As responsible owners of these long-eared furry animals, you must inform yourself as much as possible about their needs, problems, diseases and management, among other things. Next we will talk about one of the most common diseases in rabbits, especially in those that spend too much time in their cages and in conditions that are not really the most suitable.
If you have ever seen that your rabbit's legs are peeling and have some injuries, pay attention to what may be happening, what you can do to heal him and how you can avoid it. We are going to tell you all about the Plantar calluses of rabbits, treatment and prevention of these.You may also be interested in: Tularemia in rabbits - Symptoms and treatment Index
- What are plantar calluses of rabbits?
- What Causes Plantar Corns on Rabbit Paws?
- How to prevent this disease?
- How to treat plantar calluses in a rabbit?
What are plantar calluses of rabbits?
The plantar calluses on the legs of rabbits are ulcers that occur on the soles of their four legs, but especially on the back ones. It is a bacterial infection called pododermatitis that occurs in calluses that open and bleed. The specimens that suffer the most are the adults of the heavy breeds and the rex breed because they normally have very little hair on the soles of their feet. This disease is almost impossible to stop in advanced cases.
Rabbits that suffer from it suffer a lot from ulcers, since they are open wounds that bleed and never close on their own. In addition, they lose weight little by little but constantly and they become so weak that they even lose fertility due to a physiological disorder since the body cannot cover all the effort that supposes to maintain all the vital functions. The bacteria that cause it are very contagious among rabbits, so if we have more than one it will be vital to separate them and maintain safe hygiene when handling the sick..
What Causes Plantar Corns on Rabbit Paws?
The cause of this disease is mainly the poor handling and maintenance of these jumping animals. Due to the trauma caused by an inadequate cage floor, the soles of the feet of the rabbits end up making wounds that are contaminated with bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, giving rise to pododermatitis. Occasionally it can spread to the bone and cause osteomyelitis and septicemia, which is very painful for rabbits that suffer from it and therefore they become weaker and stop moving. It occurs in animals that spend too much time in their cage.
How to prevent this disease?
Next we are going to tell you a series of things to take into account in order to avoid plantar callus disease in our rabbits:
- To prevent plantar calluses in rabbits and all that this entails, we must mainly make sure that the animal has a space appropriate to its size and in which you can move quietly.
- Must avoid any ground that is lacerating for the rabbit's feet such as metal fences and cement.
- The hygiene of the place and that of the animal is essential to maintain good health in our rabbit. Must prevent moisture and dirt build-up on the floor of the cage. Therefore, it is advisable that about twice a month we disinfect the cage with an iodine solution or some similar product..
- We have to make sure that our friend are not overweight or obese, since this considerably increases the risk of contracting this disease.
- In general, in the cage of any rabbit, it is recommended have a legrest, but especially in cages that inhabit heavy breeds and rex, as they are more prone to suffering from this disease. This legrest must be made of a material that cannot be broken or eaten, such as polycarbonate..
- Ideally, they should also have a straw base or bed to be changed three times a week, as it is a much softer and more malleable material that adapts perfectly to the needs of rabbits.
- Whenever we take our rabbit out of the cage to run around, play with it or bathe it, we must check the areas of the body where it is easy for it to develop problems and diseases, that is why we will make sure check the soles of your feet and the legs to see any wound in time, detect the plantar callus disease and be able to heal and save our partner in time.
- We must let get out of the cage and exercise your legs playing, jumping and exploring the environment for an average of a couple of hours a day. This way we will also prevent pododermatitis from being facilitated.
- We have to respect the periodic visits for review at the veterinarian and follow the vaccination schedule of our rabbit.
How to treat plantar corns in a rabbit?
To treat this disease effectively and save our partner, the first thing is to have detected it in its initial stages and not when it is already too advanced. We must also follow these steps to treat plantar corns:
- The first thing will be separate the affected bunny from the rest that we have since they could easily get infected with bacteria.
- We will disinfect the cage and its surroundings.
- We will change our rabbit to a cage or area with softer ground for their legs, which we will clean very often.
- It is very important that we make sure that you always have easy and convenient access to water and food, since he will hardly be able to travel to get there himself and thus we will greatly facilitate his recovery.
- The safest thing is that at first the veterinarian administers some antibiotic in injections or oral to carry out a shock treatment against the disease.
- Also, it sure prescribes us anti-inflammatory to reduce inflammation of the animal's legs and relieve its pain while improving its general condition.
- We will clean the wounds with antiseptics also prescribed by the veterinarian, for example with quaternary ammonium or 3-4% iodopovidone.
- We will treat the wounds with antibiotic and healing ointments prescribed by our trusted vet.
- We must keep both the animal and its environment as clean as possible.
- At the slightest sign of deterioration we must go back to the vet.
This article is merely informative, at AnimalWised.com we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the vet in the event that it presents any type of condition or discomfort.