How to educate a Pomeranian?

Animal file: Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is one of the spitz type dogs most popular around the world, probably thanks to its beauty and friendly character. Although they also stand out for their docility, these dogs require that their guardians provide them with a good education and teach them the basic commands of obedience..

We must know that education and training is what will allow the Pomeranian to live in harmony, respect the rules of the home and avoid certain behavior problems common in the breed, such as separation anxiety or possessive behavior, also known as "resource protection".

In this AnimalWised article we have prepared a complete guide for you to know. how to train a pomeranian correctly. We will explain some of the "secrets " of the breed, some basic tips and everything you need to teach him. ¡Keep reading!

You may also be interested in: How to educate a Labrador? Index
  1. Know your dog before training him
  2. Prepare before you start to train your Pomeranian
  3. Your Pomeranian's education should be appropriate for your age
  4. How to train a Pomeranian puppy?
  5. Stages of the education of a Pomeranian puppy
  6. Training an adult Pomeranian
  7. How to reassure a Pomeranian?
  8. Socialization is key in raising a Pomeranian
  9. 5 tips for a Pomeranian and his guardian

Know your dog before training him

While we can talk about some common guidelines and basic criteria for dog training, we need to understand that each dog is unique and singular. At the time of learning, each animal will need its own time and must have the dedication and knowledge of its tutor to absorb and correctly reproduce the commands, tasks or tricks. Thus, meet your dog is the first and most essential step to provide you with a correct education.

The Pomeranian is the smallest representative of the Spitz family, which draws attention for its smooth, silky and voluminous coat, which requires certain specific care to remain beautiful and healthy. Although its ancestors were historically trained as cattle dogs, this toy-type dog has been bred to be a true "lap dog." Are extremely loving with their tutors, demanding constant attention. They can become overly pampered dogs when they are not trained properly.

They are recognized for their great intelligence and ease of learning, characteristics that facilitate their training. They are also active dogs that need to exercise and stimulate their mind to maintain a balanced character and prevent behavior problems.

To unveil the "secrets of Pomeranian " and to better understand your best friend, we advise you to review the canine language a little. At AnimalWised, for example, we have a complete guide on how to interpret dog postures and their meanings. With these tips, you can improve your communication with your furry and you will feel more prepared to start educating him..

Prepare before you start to train your Pomeranian

Before starting to educate your furry, you will need to get started in dog training to know its guidelines, methods and basic fundamentals. In addition, to facilitate the learning of your best friend and optimize your time, we recommend you to know the "5 training tricks that every owner should know ".

After introducing yourself to the context of canine education, it will be essential to assemble your own training team with the following items:

  • Collar / harness
  • Regulatory strap
  • Long strap
  • Fanny pack
  • Prizes or snacks
  • Toys
  • Clicker (optional)

In theory, the clicker is not an indispensable item in dog education. However, its correct use greatly facilitates the work of the trainer and, in your case, it will be a great ally during training sessions with your dog. If you want to learn how to use it correctly, we invite you to read our article "Clicker for dogs - everything you need to know about it ".

Your Pomeranian's education should be appropriate for your age

The education, physical and mental stimulation of all dogs must be adapted to their age, health and physical complexion. You cannot start educating your Pomeranian puppy by presenting him with complex tasks or orders, as this would confuse him, could lead to frustration and would not allow him to feel incentivized to continue learning.

Just like children, puppies must learn progressively, In other words, they must begin by assimilating basic concepts and orders, which will later become the pillars of their learning. Little by little, as your Pomeranian puppy assimilates the basic house rules and incorporating the first canine obedience orders, you can progressively increase the difficulty of the tasks you propose.

At all stages of your Pomeranian's education, remember to use positive reinforcement to stimulate his learning, thus rewarding his efforts and achievements. Positive education rejects any type of physical or emotional abuse, such as punishment or scolding, in the educational process of dogs.

Instead of punishing misbehavior, positive reinforcement recognizes and encourages the assimilation of appropriate or desired behaviors, stimulating the cognitive, emotional and social skills of each furry. It also directly influences the bond with the tutor.

How to train a Pomeranian puppy?

The optimal age to start the education of a Pomeranian is from the three months old, when the puppy is fully weaned and ready to start learning simple exercises. When deciding to adopt a puppy, it is very important to certify that the weaning period is respected, that is, that the puppy is not prematurely separated from its mother and siblings.

When this separation occurs prematurely, the dog may show socialization problems and learning difficulties, in addition to the risk of not fully developing their immune system, making them especially vulnerable to the most common diseases of dogs.

However, if the puppies were born in your house, their education can start from birth, always respecting the limits and needs of their body. Logically, you cannot start training a newborn puppy, since his body and mind are not yet ready to receive orders of this complexity. But you can teach them to recognize their own name and show them the house rules in everyday life..

For example, you can convey to them that it is not allowed to lie on the bed, get on the couch or go through the garbage, making them go down and reinforcing them for going down and being on the floor. The goal is basically, not incentivize in the puppy those behaviors that you do not want to see in the adult dog. Remember that reinforced misbehavior in these early stages will need to be corrected in adulthood, which is much more difficult than preventing it..

On the other hand, if you want to start stimulating the physical and cognitive abilities of your Pomeranian safely in its first weeks of life, we invite you to read our article on early stimulation exercises for puppies..

Regarding the physical activity of the puppies, remember that the exercises must be of low impact, always having an entertainment character. Play is key to the physical and mental stimulation of puppies, acting as a playful element that arouses their curiosity and invites them to develop their senses and intelligence..

Stages of the education of a Pomeranian puppy

To help you train a Pomeranian puppy, Below we show you in which stages their education should be divided from 3 to 12 months of age, when it can already be considered as an adult dog.

  • 3-6 months: From 3 months, we can begin to teach a puppy the basic commands of canine obedience, such as: sit, get up, stay still, come, lie down, walk with you and do not pull on the leash. At this stage, the goal is to present only simple, unit orders, which do not require the execution of multiple tasks to achieve success. If we exaggerate the complexity of the proposed exercises, we will confuse the puppy and cause a feeling of frustration, which will impair his learning. At this age, your Pomeranian will also be ready to learn to relieve himself in the street and begin his socialization, so you will need to introduce him to other dogs, animals, people and environments. Remember that socialization will be key so that your Pomeranian can relate in a positive way with the stimuli, individuals and objects in its environment, thus preventing behavior problems.
  • From 6 to 12 months: After your puppy has learned these basic commands, you can incorporate new commands to complement his training. In this second stage, we advise you to teach him to bring the ball and to release objects. You can also add tricks and activities that you like and that are attractive to your furry, such as "give the paw ". Logically, always remember to respect your best friend's times, and not force him to practice any sport or exercise that is uncomfortable for him..

Training an adult Pomeranian

When your Pomeranian has assimilated those orders of the basic level of dog training, you can enjoy and be surprised with the intelligence of your dog, proposing advanced training. In this sense, we advise you to know the searching or sowing, a great activity to start the stimulation of the senses and the intelligence of your Pomeranian. Later you can teach him more advanced tricks and canine skills, how to play dead, bring objects, go to specific places...

On the other hand, you can also practice intelligence games at home with your Pomeranian, take him for walks to new environments, travel in his company, and teach him various fun tricks, taking advantage of the fact that your furry is very intelligent and loves to share moments with you. All of this will serve as a complement to your basic education and will help strengthen the bonds of friendship between you..

If you consider that you do not have time or do not have enough knowledge to deepen the education of your Pomeranian at home, it is best to go to a dog training center to have the guidance of a professional in advanced training. Likewise, on YouTube you will find many tutorials that will explain how to perform certain exercises.

How to reassure a Pomeranian?

One of the most frequently asked questions from guardians in the process of educating your dog is what to do to reassure a Pomeranian, as these furry ones can really show themselves anxious or hyperactive, especially when they are puppies and young.

First of all, you must be aware that physical activity and mental stimulation are essential for any dog ​​to maintain a balanced demeanor and be calm. If your Pomeranian does not exercise enough and does not have an enriched environment in his home, where he can entertain himself and stimulate his cognitive abilities, he will be able to show stress symptoms and developing behavior problems, such as destructiveness and separation anxiety. At AnimalWised, we tell you everything you need to know about environmental enrichment for dogs.

In addition, you should consider that the Pomeranian is not a dog that likes or adapts well to loneliness. In reality, these dogs often demand attention from their guardians, so you will need to reserve a special time for your best friend each day. A Pomeranian who spends many hours alone and does not receive the care he needs may also have behavior problems that will harm coexistence with your family.

On the other hand, remember also that you should not reinforce anxious behaviors or hyperactive your dog by offering food or other types of reward to make him stop with this behavior. For example, if you offer a treat to calm your dog down and stop barking, your dog will most likely start behaving hyperactively and barking excessively whenever he wants to get your attention or get something he wants..

On the other hand, you should reinforce behaviors that are positive, such as going to their place to rest, being calm when food is offered, etc. You can also encourage these behaviors through obedience commands, asking him to sit or lie down when he is especially nervous..

But if your dog is always nervous or anxious, even if he exercises in the proper dose and has a positive routine, we advise you to take him to the vet, since hyperactivity can also have pathological causes. The professional will also evaluate if it is necessary to administer a tranquilizer, or if it is appropriate to use pheromones for anxiety or natural painkillers, such as valerian or bach flowers, to help calm your Pomeranian.

Socialization is key in raising a Pomeranian

Socialization will be a key aspect of your Pomeranian's education. During the socialization process, your dog will be able to learn to interact positively with people, with other dogs and animals, with their toys and the other stimuli in their environment. This will give you the opportunity to enjoy a healthy social life, in addition to preventing behavior problems, fears and phobias.

The optimal period to start socializing your Pomeranian is when it is still a puppy, more specifically during its early stages (between the third week and three months of life). During this phase, dogs form their basic notions of coexistence with other individuals, in addition to demonstrating a more flexible character, which favors learning. After completing your first cycle of vaccination and deworming, we should continue to offer you positive experiences together with other people, dogs, animals and environments.

But if you have decided to adopt an adult Pomeranian, you should know that it is also possible to carry out the socialization process in adult dogs. At AnimalWised, we offer you the best tips to properly socialize an adult dog.

5 tips for a Pomeranian and his guardian

Finally, we want to offer you some tips that will help you successfully carry out the education of your Pomeranian:

  1. Consistency is key in dog training. Training is a constant and gradual process, where each exercise must be properly absorbed, memorized and executed to perfection. You will have to have patience and a lot of love to properly educate your Pomeranian, since he will need to assimilate the orders, one by one. If you feel that you do not have enough time, you can find a professional trainer.
  2. Know when and how much to teach. Training sessions with your dog should be short, but regular. The ideal is to allocate 10 to 15 minutes of each day to practice with your furry, so you do not overload him and maintain optimal consistency. In the case of wanting to do several sessions, we can do one in the morning and another in the afternoon.
  3. Identify how and where to teach. The exercises must be practiced one by one to allow their comprehensive understanding and perfect execution. Each dog will need his own time to fully understand, memorize and execute each command, which may also vary depending on the complexity of the exercise. To promote your furry's concentration, you will also need to choose the most appropriate place to teach it, avoiding noisy places or places with an excess of stimuli (aromas, sounds, people, dogs, etc.).
  4. Use positive reinforcement to educate. Positive reinforcement is the best method to teach and stimulate your Pomeranian's intelligence. Remember that exposing your best friend to contexts of high stress and / or intense fear, by physically or emotionally punishing them, harms their health and favors the development of numerous behavioral problems, such as aggressiveness, fear or phobias.
  5. Review the learned orders. Each order taught needs to be reviewed to reaffirm your learning and not be forgotten. To do this, reserve 1 or 2 days of the week to reinforce the exercises already assimilated with your furry.

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