Moles are mammals that belong to the Talpidae family and spend most of their lives underground due to their excellent adaptations for digging. In this sense, they have a cylindrical shaped body, the muzzle is flexible and not so elongated, they have almost no neck and the forelimbs are much more developed than the hindquarters. The eyes are tiny and in some species they are covered with skin. This aspect is not strange, since vision is not really necessary given the type of underground habit of these animals. On the other hand, they also lack the external pinna. Moles are animals that are guided mainly by their senses of smell and touch, which do have highly developed.
Due to the type of habitat in which they develop, in some cases they are considered as pests, since they can cause certain inconveniences in lands arranged for crops and even in gardens. If you are interested in knowing certain non-harmful strategies to repel these animals, continue reading this AnimalWised article in which we will explain how to scare away moles.You may also be interested in: How to scare away birds? Index
- Why do I have moles in the garden?
- Mole repellent devices
- Homemade repellants to ward off moles
- Plants to repel moles
Why do I have moles in the garden?
Moles inhabit natural spaces such as certain types of forests and grasslands, however, the condition to be present in these areas has to do mainly with the soil characteristics, which cannot be rocky and must allow these animals to dig their burrows.
For all of it, an ideal type of soil for moles is that of crops and gardens, since in these places they can easily dig their network of tunnels due to the fact that they are not rocky soils and that they have been removed for planting, which facilitates excavation. Its presence in these cultivated areas is also due to the fact that there are, in general, animals such as worms and insects, which represent the main diet of moles.
On the other hand, moles are excellent soil bioindicators, since they are found in healthy lands and with the presence of a certain type of biodiversity. In addition, they are susceptible to environmental pollutants..
¿What if there are moles in my garden or orchard?
These animals may be favorable, as long as its population is kept under control, since when digging up to an average of 70 cm, help with soil aeration, which is quite beneficial for the plants present. On the other hand, they are biological controllers of certain insects that are usually harmful to plantations..
However, they can also cause damaging consequences in planting areas, such as:
- The presence of many mounds or entrances to the burrows affect the aesthetics of the gardens.
- Although they are exclusively carnivorous, they can cause damage to young plants that are growing while they build their burrows..
- They affect plants that are used as food for livestock, making these less palatable for these animals.
- When they excavate, they eventually carry rocks to the surface, which can cause damage to agricultural machinery..
- Sometimes they tend to affect the irrigation system for plantations.
- The tunnels of the moles are sometimes used by other animals that do feed on plant roots, which ends up affecting them.
Likewise, it is important to know that moles are not easily visible in the places they inhabit, since they only go outside when they need water or when the young must look for their own burrows. The rest of the time remain hidden underground, both day and night. In this way, their presence can be identified by the mounds they form at the entrance to the burrow..
Mole repellent devices
It is important to note that the methods to scare away moles, as well as any animal, must not be lethal or harmful. In this sense, it is necessary to avoid the use of toxic or poisonous products that, in addition to ending the life of the mole, can affect other animals, including domestic ones. On the other hand, these types of products are also harmful to humans and the environment. For all this, we propose these eco-friendly methods to scare away moles:
- Place a mesh: placing wire meshes with a depth of 70 cm and 30 cm in height around the area of interest will prevent the advance of the moles to the planting area.
- PinwheelsAnother option is to install pinwheels at the entrances to burrows. The spinning of the grinders will cause vibrations, something that these animals do not usually tolerate..
- Iron bars: the use of iron bars inserted in glass bottles upside down, on the mounds of earth, also generate vibrations that scare away the moles.
- Ultra sounds- Ultra-sounding artifacts can be helpful in removing moles when placed in strategic locations.
If in addition to moles you have snakes in the garden, we recommend you read this other AnimalWised article about ¿How to scare away snakes and snakes?
Homemade repellants to ward off moles
Some household repellants can be helpful in removing moles from the garden. Here are some of the most effective natural repellants:
Garlic repellent with cayenne
One option is a cayenne garlic mash. To prepare it, do the following:
- Mix 1 liter of vegetable oil, a tablespoon of cayenne and a whole head of garlic.
- Wait 15 days.
- After this time, remove the garlic and pour a tablespoon of soap (it can be dishwasher safe).
Once you have your homemade repellent, the ideal is spray it in the burrows.
Drive away moles with vinegar
You can also drive away moles with vinegar. To do this, you just have to mix the vinegar with a part of water. As in the previous case, the mixture should be sprayed at the entrances of the burrows.
Castor oil and water repellent
A third option to chase away moles with natural repellants can be to spray a mixture of equal parts of castor oil and water on the mounds, also adding two tablespoons of soap.
Plants to repel moles
On the other hand, planting certain plants can be an effective action to drive away moles from a particular area. Thus has verified the effectiveness of the following plants:
- Spurge or gorse grass (Euphorbia Lathyris).
- Imperial crown (Fritillaria imperialis).
- Incarvillea (Incarvillea delavayi).
- Elder leaves (Sambucus).
In the case of elderberry leaves, one kilo of leaves should be left in 10 liters of water for 3 days. Afterwards, the liquid is sprayed resulting in the entrances of the burrows.
Depending on the area in which we want to scare away the moles, one or the other of the suggested methods will be more effective, that is why it is very important before putting any of the options into practice., conduct an assessment of what would be most appropriate, depending on the extension of the terrain and the amount of moles that could be estimated by the number of accumulations of earth, since these do not usually share their burrows, they only make some extensions of certain tunnels to be shared with other individuals, but in general they carry a lonely life.