The wild boar has the scientific name of Sus scrofa and it is a mammal belonging to the Suidae family, which it shares with pigs and corresponds to the genus Sus. Wild boars are native to Europe, Asia and some areas of Africa. However, they have also been introduced in several countries of America, in Australia and several islands of the planet..
Unfortunately, given their high reproductive capacity, they have become a invasive and harmful alien species, since they cause serious problems to the soil in search of its food, which affects the development of crops, and on the other hand, it damages certain plantations by feeding on these or their seeds. In this opportunity, in AnimalWised, we want to give you some ideas about how to drive away wild boars, so we invite you to continue reading this interesting and educational article.You may also be interested in: How to scare away birds? Index
- Wild boar characteristics
- Sounds and ultrasounds to scare away wild boars
- Physical repellants for wild boar
- Homemade repellants for wild boars
Wild boar characteristics
Wild boars are a social group, which are made up of a matriarchal structure, managing to move in considerable areas, except when the females are pregnant. During these movements, they are active looking for food, which is made up mainly of plant matter. However, they are also opportunistic, so they can consume certain types of invertebrates (insects and crayfish) and some types of vertebrates (amphibians and micro mammals)..
Both the seeds and certain animals on which they feed are buried in the ground, and wild boars are excellent rowers, that is, they remove the soil with their snouts in order to obtain their food. This rooting procedure ends up leaving the soil uncovered or unprotected due to the erosion caused, and affects the growth of certain species of plants. On the other hand, by consuming large amounts of seeds, they reduce the growth of crops, which generates damage for certain plantations of human interest..
Wild boars, in general, have widely distributed populations, and in some cases they show signs that they will continue to grow. Their high reproductive capacity is due to three aspects: they are early to reach sexual maturity, they have a relatively short gestation and a high average number of offspring, so that the detrimental impacts on plantations, which have been described, are produced by a significant and recurring amount due to these animals.
It has been proven that areas with sufficient food availability, such as acorns and other forest fruits, positively affect wild boar reproduction, resulting in more pregnant females and, therefore, more offspring per litter. On the contrary, in times of drought, the reproductive act is mainly restricted to the leading females.
Sounds and ultrasounds to scare away wild boars
Wild boars do not have very good vision, although they do have a good sense of smell and, above all, a excellent hearing system. In this sense, the installation of a sound player equipment with loudspeakers they can be quite useful in large areas that are affected by the presence of these animals.
The sounds o alarms to scare away wild boars could consist of:
- Barking hunting dogs.
- Shotgun shots.
- Calls for help from a wild boar
- People speaking in a high tone of voice.
Being quite sensitive to sounds, all these recordings could scare them and end up driving them away. It is important that these devices reproduce the selected sounds automatically and every so often.
However, if you prefer, in the market you will also find ultrasound equipment to scare wild boars, although if you are looking for a powerful device, it could be somewhat expensive.
Physical repellants for wild boar
In not so large areas, they can be used Physical barriers that prevent the access of wild boars to the space to be protected, so the fencing installation it can be highly effective in these cases to prevent the access of these animals.
It's important to put attention on fences must be sturdy and of a material that withstands the environmental conditions, thus ensuring that this option is durable and is maintained over time.
Homemade repellants for wild boar
As we have mentioned, wild boars have a fairly sensitive sense of smell, so we can prepare some homemade repellants with unpleasant odors for wild boars. One of them is is human smell, which scares them away quickly, so an effective way to scare them away can be collect human hair in a barbershop and spread them around the areas they usually frequent.
Another option is to formulate a homemade repellent for wild boar based on unpleasant food. As they have a very good memory, every time they smell that food, they will associate it with its bad taste, and that will drive them away. To achieve this, a cereal can be mixed with some type of animal oil, such as fish oil, then small croquettes are formed and spread in the areas where wild boars usually enter or around the crops to favor the consumption of the preparation before to be able to reach the plantation.
Wild boars have also been reported to avoid places where they smell animals such as dogs or wolves, so in small areas, having dogs and allowing them to urinate in the surroundings could scare these animals away.
Wild boars have been crossed in some areas with domestic pigs, especially males, since the females avoid pigs, originating hybrids such as the piglet that have increased part of the problem previously raised. However, one important aspect must be kept in mind, u is that these animals seek their reproduction and maintenance as any species does..
In the past, wild boars were highly pressured by hunting and fragmentation of their habitat, which ended up displacing them from their natural spaces. In this sense, we humans are responsible on many occasions for altering the population habits of the species, and then when they generate inconveniences we try to control their growth with lethal or unethical strategies. Therefore, if we have been the ones who originated the problem, we must look for non aggressive solutions and not harmful to animals, which today is made possible thanks to the advancement of science.