How to train a border collie?

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The border collie he is a very special dog; If you have already had the opportunity to look them in the eye, you will know the unique energy they transmit. They stand out not only for leading the ranking of smarter dogs, but also for its versatility, high capacity for memorization, charisma and predisposition for work. When properly stimulated, they can easily learn and flawlessly perform a huge range of sports tasks, tricks, and activities..

However, we must be clear that the Border Collie is like a long-lasting rechargeable battery. If we do not teach it or do not allow it to channel and positively express all this energy, we favor the development of undesirable behaviors and symptoms related to the accumulation of tension, stress and boredom. Therefore, if you are thinking of adopting a furry of this breed, AnimalWised invites you to know some key tips to know how to train a border collie.

You may also be interested in: How to train a Shar Pei? Index
  1. Knowing them is the first step to educate them
  2. Preparing to train a border collie
  3. Training the border collie according to its age
  4. Training a border collie puppy
  5. Stages of training a border collie puppy
  6. Training an adult border collie: from 12 months
  7. Training an adopted adult border collie
  8. Socializing your border collie is decisive for its training
  9. Physical activity and mental stimulation of the border collie
  10. Tips for training your border collie

Knowing them is the first step to educate them

Although we can talk about basic guidelines and criteria for dog training, it is important to understand that each dog is a unique individual. When learning, each animal will require its own time and must have the dedication and knowledge of its tutor to absorb and correctly reproduce the proposed commands. Thus, meet your dog it is a fundamental step to know how to educate him.

The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog, with an elongated and athletic body, strong, wide and well-muscled legs. His physical build allows him to reach high speeds when running and register remarkable heights in his jumps. That is why this breed is very successful in sports competitions and obtains unbeatable performances in the agility.

It is a true working dog, with an optimal predisposition for herding functions. His character it is naturally active, focused and compliant. In the countryside, he spends much of the day observing sheep or cattle and taking care of their territory. This allows you to expend a large amount of energy and maintain a balanced behavior. In domestic life, need to exercise constantly to stay healthy, active and happy. Otherwise, you can show symptoms of stress and boredom very easily..

Preparing to train a border collie

Training a dog as intelligent and active as a Border Collie requires more than good will. Before starting to educate your furry, you will need to get started in dog training to know its guidelines, methods and basic fundamentals. In addition, to facilitate your best friend's learning and optimize your time, we recommend knowing the "5 training tricks that every owner should know ".

After positioning yourself well in the context of canine education, it will also be important to put together your own training team with the following basic items:

  • Collar / harness.
  • Regulatory strap.
  • Long strap.
  • Fanny pack.
  • Prizes or snacks.
  • Toys.
  • Clicker (optional).

Of course, we must clarify that the clicker is not considered an essential item for dog training. However, if you learn to use it properly, you will see that it usually makes the trainer's job easier. If you have never used the clicker to teach your furry dog, be sure to read our advice in the article "Clicker for dogs - everything you need to know about it ".

Training the border collie according to its age

The training and physical training of all dogs must be subject to their age, health and physical strength. We cannot begin the education of a puppy by starting with complex tasks or commands. Just like the children, puppies must learn progressively, starting with the basic concepts of obedience that will be the foundation of your learning. Little by little, you will be able to increase the difficulty of the proposed tasks and, surely, you will be surprised with how quickly your border collie will memorize each order.

Regardless of when you start training a Border Collie, remember to use the positive reinforcement to stimulate their learning. Unlike the traditional method, positive education rejects any type of physical or emotional abuse, such as punishment or scolding. Instead of punishing misbehavior, which is detrimental to the animal's mental health and learning, positive reinforcement invests in the recognition of appropriate behaviors to stimulate the dog's cognitive, social and emotional abilities.

Training a border collie puppy

Ideally, start training your border collie from 3 months of age, when we can separate him from his mother while respecting his weaning period. A furry that is separated from its parents before the appropriate time usually shows learning and socialization difficulties. If you want to encourage the physical, emotional and cognitive abilities of your Border Collie from its first weeks of life, we recommend using early stimulation maneuvers.

But if the puppies were born in your home, you will need to educate them from their very birth. Although you cannot yet teach them the basic obedience exercises, you will need to pass on the rules of your home. For example: puppies should not get on the couch or sleep in our bed. Remember that if we do not feed unwanted behaviors in puppies, we will not need to correct them in adult dogs. It is also important to learn to recognize your name.

Remember that puppies should perform moderate activities and low impact exercises, that include a high dose of entertainment. The game works as a playful element in the education of dogs, and it is by playing that we stimulate the curiosity, physical and cognitive capacity of our best friends.

Stages of training a border collie puppy

For your information how to train your border collie puppy, Below we show the most suitable division by stages:

  • 3-6 months- We started teaching him the basic canine obedience commands, such as sit, come, lie down, stay still, get up, walk with you and do not pull on the leash. The idea is to propose simple and unit orders, that do not lead to the execution of multiple tasks to achieve success. Exaggerating the complexity of the exercises, during this stage, can confuse the puppy and generate a feeling of frustration, which will impair his learning. It is also advisable to teach your Border Collie puppy to relieve himself in the street, as well as do not neglect your socialization so that he learns to interact with other animals, people and the environment. Later we will talk about the importance of this point.
  • 6 to 12 months- Once your puppy has learned the basic commands, you can include new commands. At this time, we recommend teaching him to bring objects, "talk " and "shut up ". These last orders are fundamental because, being an excellent can shepherd, the border collie can become a barker constant. For this reason, the commands to "speak " and "shut up " guide him to bark only at appropriate times. In addition, you can include other tricks that you like, such as "roll " or "give the leg ", always respecting the times of your best friend.

Training an adult border collie: from 12 months

¡Welcome to the wonderful world of the thousand possibilities of a border collie! Having completed the basic obedience stage, you will be able to enjoy your furry's intelligence and versatility for a advanced training. Start it in agility it will be an excellent decision to keep you physically and mentally stimulated throughout your adulthood. On the other hand, the searching it is highly recommended to stimulate your sensory and cognitive abilities. In addition, you can teach him fun tricks, dog sports or memorization games.

How the border collie shows great ease of learning and great memory, your mind must be constantly stimulated, which is often a challenge for their tutors. For this reason, we recommend that you attend a training circuit to have the guidance of a professional in advanced training..

Training an adopted adult border collie

If you have just adopted an adult border collie and you don't know how to train it, the first thing you should do is an analysis of the situation. In this way, try know the character of the dog who has just come to your home and find out if he shows symptoms of fear of abuse, some trauma, phobia or stereotypy. In case of presenting any behavior problem, you should treat it before starting the education period, since if, for example, you do not work on their fears, you will not make them advance in their training. You should get him to trust you and see you as something positive and, above all, safe.

Once the above points are addressed, you can start working on their socialization and practice the basic commands at home. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are the key to successfully training an adult Border Collie. Depending on the fears or traumas that the animal presents, do not hesitate to go to a canine trainer or ethologist.

Socializing your border collie is decisive for its training

Socialization is a key element to achieve an obedient dog, well educated and with a balanced character. The socialization process will teach your furry to interact positively with people, with other animals and even with their toys. Ideally, start socializing the Border Collie when it is still a puppy, from its 6 months of life (at the completion of its first cycle of vaccination and deworming).

In the specific case of the border collie, socialization and high physical activity will be essential to guide its predisposition to herding. While it is true that if we do not educate the puppy border collie to herd it may not present any related instincts, it is also true that, in case of having adopted an adult who has been in contact with this type of work, it can be an inconvenience. if we don't learn to guide it correctly. This learned behavior is so marked in this breed that, if we do not educate it, our furry will end up herding small animals or children in parks and squares, which is really dangerous. Must teach him to live with children as part of your family and not as a member of a herd to be herded.

Now, as we said, if the border collie has never been trained for herding, nor has it had any contact with cattle or sheep, it does not have to perform in this role if we leave it, for example, in the middle of a flock of sheep. . Although it is still being studied, it has not yet been shown that herding is part of the instinctive behaviors of certain breeds of dogs, so it is most likely that if we leave an uneducated border collie among sheep, it does not know how to act and ended up seriously injured.

Physical activity and mental stimulation of the border collie

As we tell you, the border collie is a true stack of renewable energy. Your body and mind need a high dose of stimulation to stay in perfect balance. A sedentary dog ​​or with an excess of accumulated tension will demonstrate concentration problems and learning difficulties. Therefore, the training of your border collie should include daily physical activity and cognitive training. To do this, we reaffirm the idea of ​​starting him in a dog sport and we indicate some intelligence games that you can practice in your own home, such as trilero or the use of food dispensing toys.

These dogs are most comfortable when they live in large environments where they can run freely. Raising a Border Collie in a small apartment or flat is very difficult, since in real life it is almost impossible to meet its daily need for physical activity. Would be necessary 3 to 4 walks, 40 to 60 minutes each to provide them with an optimal energy expenditure.

As you will see, the Border Collie is a dog that needs to be accompanied by an active and patient guardian, with good availability of time and space. In addition, they must receive adequate preventive medicine to stay healthy, active and happy. Therefore, remember to take your Border Collie to the vet every 6 months, respect its vaccination letter and internal and external deworming, and provide it with the specific care that this breed requires..

Tips for training your border collie

  1. Training requires perseverance: Your Border Collie will need your commitment and patience to assimilate the commands, one by one. Training is a constant and gradual process, where each exercise must be properly absorbed, memorized and executed to perfection. If you do not have enough time to educate your Border Collie, do not hesitate to consult a professional trainer.
  2. Know when to teach: obedience exercises should be trained daily, in short sections, counting on 10 or 15 minutes duration. Overloading your furry makes it easy for them to be distracted and counterproductive to their learning..
  3. Understand how to teach: the exercises must be trained one by one to allow their comprehensive understanding and not to confuse the animal. Typically, each exercise takes between 3 and 10 days to be fully internalized, absorbed, memorized, and executed. The assimilation time depends on each animal and the complexity of each task.
  4. Choose the ideal place: thinking about where to teach is as fundamental as knowing how and when to teach. Must avoid noisy places or with an excess of stimuli, such as aromas, music or many dogs, so as not to impair the concentration of our border collie.
  5. Apply positive reinforcement: positive reinforcement is the best method to stimulate learning for our border collie. In contrast, physical and emotional violence is counterproductive and dangerous. Remember to offer your furry a prize for each task successfully executed, to recognize their effort and stimulate their cognitive ability.
  6. Review the commands learned: Each taught command must be reviewed to reaffirm your learning and avoid forgetting. We recommend dedicating 1 or 2 days a week to remember the tasks already memorized.

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