Veracruz is one of the most biodiverse Mexican states thanks to the great diversity of landscapes it houses. The beaches, mountains, jungles, palm groves and savannas converge to host thousands of species, however, currently many of them are in danger of extinction due to the degradation and fragmentation of these habitats. In addition, several of the animal species that are in danger of extinction are endemic to Veracruz and Mexico, so they do not exist in another part of the world. Some of them are abundant, but their ecological requirements are so specific that they make them very sensitive to environmental changes, while others are so difficult to see that only a few specimens are known..
Do not miss this AnimalWised article where we will talk to you about the most endangered animals in Veracruz, its characteristics and threats.You may also be interested: Animals in danger of extinction in Puebla Index
- Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
- Jaguar (Panthera onca)
- Long-tailed Tlaconet (Pseudoeurycea lineola)
- Veracruz sole (Citharichthys abbotti)
- Coatzacoalcos mushroom-tongue salamander (Bolitoglossa veracrucis)
- Veracruz pygmy salamander (Thorius pennatulus)
- Marsh crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii)
- Veracruz white grouper (Hypoplectrus castroaguirrei)
- Tuxtla partridge pigeon (Zentrygon carrikeri)
- Central American spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus)
- Other endangered animals in Veracruz
Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
The ocelot is a feline of the Felidae family that is distributed from the southern United States to South America, in Paraguay and Argentina, and it is the third largest feline in America. It inhabits a great variety of environments, from tropical jungles to humid forests, semi-desert and mountainous areas. It measures between 70 and 90 cm in length and is characterized by its large eyes and ears, as well as by the design of its coat, yellow-brown in color and with rosette-shaped spots all over the body..
The main threats that have led this species to be in danger of extinction in Veracruz and other parts of its distribution are the illegal hunting, either to obtain their skin or due to conflicts with farmers because they consume poultry, in addition, the Destruction of their habitat has increasingly caused their populations to decline.
Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Also from the Felidae family, the jaguar is the largest feline in America and its distribution ranges from the southern United States to northern Argentina. It occupies a great diversity of environments, from tropical forests to mangroves, scrub areas, pine forests and mountain oaks, to drier and more arid areas. Taking into account from head to tail, it can reach more than 2 meters in length and the largest individuals weigh more than 150 kg. It is a very robust feline, with orange fur and spots all over its body..
The jaguar is in danger of extinction due to the fragmentation of their habitat, the illegal hunting for their skin or for conflicts with residents and for accidental run over on highways.
Long-tailed Tlaconet (Pseudoeurycea lineola)
This species of salamander belongs to the Plethodontidae family and is endemic to Mexico. It is present in the center of Veracruz in its preferred habitats: low altitude tropical cloud forests and in plantations, up to approximately 1200 meters. It is located under rocks, fallen leaves, logs and any other place that serves as a shelter and provides moisture. It can measure about 15 cm from head to tail, being very cylindrical and twice as long as its body. The limbs are very short, which gives it the appearance of a worm, its snout is rounded and its head quite small. Their body coloration ranges from dark gray to dull black. It has terrestrial and nocturnal habits and feeds on small invertebrates and their larvae.
This is one of the most endangered animals in Veracruz because it is threatened by the deterioration of their habitat by agricultural activities that pollute the soil and by human settlements that fragment the environment.Image: unionyucatan.mx
Veracruz sole (Citharichthys abbotti)
This species of fish belongs to the Paralichthydae family and inhabits the Gulf of Mexico, from Veracruz throughout the Yucatan Peninsula to Honduras. It frequents soft clay and sandy soils and usually reaches up to two meters deep. It measures around 14 cm and, like other soles, its eyes are located on the left side of its head, its coloration on the ventral part is clear and dorsally it has golden tones with dark spots..
Their populations are decreasing due to the Water contamination, fishing and the increasingly rapid degradation of their territory.
Coatzacoalcos mushroom tongue salamander (Bolitoglossa veracrucis)
This small amphibian belongs to the Plethodontidae family and is endemic to the southeast of Veracruz and eastern Oaxaca. It inhabits tropical perennial and mountain forests, but due to the degradation of these habitats it has had to adapt to degraded environments. It measures around 5 cm and its head is robust, with quite large eyes and a rounded snout. Its coloration is variable, between light brown and yellow, with dark spots along its tail..
It is in serious danger and its populations are becoming smaller due to the fact that the human activities, as the agricultural and livestock industry, they are increasingly destroying the environments where this species of salamander is distributed.Image: calphotos.berkeley.edu
Veracruz pygmy salamander (Thorius pennatulus)
This species also belongs to the Plethodontidae family and is endemic to central and western Veracruz. It lives in humid and mountain tropical forests, although it can also inhabit coffee and banana plantations. Like other amphibian species, it is associated with rocks, crevices, litter and rotten logs that serve as shelter. It is a very small species that can measure up to 2 cm, its tail is long and its head is robust. It is one of the smallest vertebrates that exists today. Its coloration is dark and has a lateral band on the sides of the body of a lighter color..
This salamander is also part of the list of endangered animals in Veracruz because its populations are decreasing due to the farming that fragments their habitat, changes in land use and their contamination, so this species is critically endangered.Image: Reinoanimalia.fandom.com
Marsh crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii)
Also known as the Mexican crocodile or Morelet's crocodile, this species of the Crocodylidae family is an inhabitant of the entire Gulf of Mexico and Central America, and in Veracruz it can be found in different bodies of water, especially in areas of mangroves and flooded forests. , swamps, estuaries and even coastal lagoons. It prefers isolated areas with wooded vegetation around it to protect it. It is also known to tolerate brackish water. It is a medium to small species, which can measure between 3 and 4 meters, its appearance is typical of other types of crocodiles, with greenish or brownish-gray coloration, and its snout is very wide, an aspect that distinguishes it from other species.
Their populations have been threatened for many years, when their skin was very precious to make footwear, handbags and other items, so the illegal hunting and the Destruction of their habitat are the main threats that have led to this endangered species in Veracruz and other places.
Veracruz white grouper (Hypoplectrus castroaguirrei)
A species of fish of the Serranidae family is endemic to Veracruz and inhabits coral reefs in the Gulf of Campeche and can be found up to 12 meters deep. It is a fish that is about 15 cm long and is white, with greenish-yellow fins, black spots under the eyes and at the base of the tail fin, highlighting blue lines on the head..
Being a species limited to the reef systems of Veracruz, its populations are in danger due to the severe degradation and contamination suffered by these environments, being another of the marine animals in danger of extinction in Veracruz.Image: biogeodb.stri.si.edu
Tuxtla partridge pigeon (Zentrygon carrikeri)
Also known as the Veracruz partridge pigeon, it is a bird that is within the Columbidae family, also endemic to Veracruz and inhabits the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, in humid mountain forests and tropical jungles. It is very difficult to observe, since it is restricted to very well preserved areas, where it takes long walks in search of food such as insects, fruits and seeds. It is between 29 and 30 cm long and its plumage is bluish-gray (ventrally the coloration is lighter), with reddish eyes and legs and is distinguished by having a black line at the end of the cheeks that goes up to the neck..
Its main threats are destruction and reduction of their habitat, which has led to it becoming more isolated and its populations disappearing.Image: ebird.org
Central American spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus)
It is one of the largest primates in the New World, belonging to the Atelidae family. This species is distributed in Mexico, Panama and part of Colombia, inhabits tropical and subtropical jungles, mountain cloud forests and mangroves. With a slim and elongated body, it reaches about 65 cm and its tail contributes around 80 cm more, being vital for its locomotion, since it serves to move around in the arboreal canopy. Its head is small and its eyes are located forward. Its color is reddish-brown, with the underside lighter. It feeds on fruits and plays a very important role in the dispersal of its seeds and the maintenance of the vegetation in the places where it lives..
It is in danger of extinction due to the deforestation, fragmentation and loss of the places where you live and because of hunting and illegal traffic, since it is a species used for mascotism.
Other endangered animals in Veracruz
Although the above are part of the list of animals in greatest danger of extinction in Veracruz, unfortunately they are not the only ones. Next, we name more threatened species:
- Veracruz brown snake (Rhadinaea cuneata)
- Cycad butterfly (Eumaeus toxea)
- Tlaconete (Parvimolge townsendi)
- Tamaulipas parrot (Amazona viridigenalis)
- Elisa's hummingbird (Doricha eliza)
- Dwarf Chara (Cyanolyca nana)
- Fawn motmot (Electron carinatum)
- Chopontil tortoise (Claudius angustatus)
- Yellow-headed parrot or king parrot (Amazona oratrix)
- Chivirín de Nava (Hylorchilus navai)
- Pygmy anteater (Cyclopes didactylus)
- Transvolcanic or Lerma Mascarita (Geothlypis speciosa)
- Huasteca frog (Lithobates johni)
- Royal flycatcher or royal flytrap (Onychorhynchus coronatus)
- Mexican tamandua or Mexican anteater (Tamandua mexicana)