Puebla is a Mexican state whose location is very special, since its geography allows it to host a large number of animal species, many of which are endemic, that is, they are not found anywhere else in the world. Likewise, this great biodiversity is threatened by various factors, either by deforestation of forests and jungles, crop plantations and livestock activities or by the illegal hunting of many species that are sold as pets. Therefore, it is so important to know these animals to care for and preserve them..
If you want to know what they are endangered animals in Puebla, don't miss this AnimalWised article where we show you the most significant.You may also be interested in: 12 animals in danger of extinction in Peru Index
- Poblana frog (Lithobates pueblae)
- Puebla frog (Exerodonta xera)
- Necaxa Sword (Xiphophorus evelynae)
- Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
- Poblano mouse (Peromyscus mekisturus)
- Little dragon from the southern Sierra Madre Oriental (Abronia graminea)
- Highland Axolotl (Ambystoma velasci)
- Tirana eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus)
- Zacatuche rabbit (Romerolagus diazi)
- Green Macaw (Ara militaris)
Poblana frog (Lithobates pueblae)
Species of the Ranidae family and endemic to Puebla, Mexico. It lives in wooded areas with oak pines, about 1,600 meters above sea level and in tropical mountainous areas, in humid areas and with rivers. The male is between 3 and 8 cm long, while the female is larger and can reach up to 11 cm. Its head is robust and has a fold of skin behind and above the eardrums. Its limbs are short and its coloration is dark green with notable irregular and dark spots all over the body, while on the ventral part it is lighter..
It is in danger of extinction due to the destruction of their river environments, especially due to the presence of the Necaxa River dam.Image: naturalista.mx
Puebla frog (Exerodonta xera)
This species belongs to the Hylidae family and is also endemic to Mexico, specifically it lives in the center of Puebla, southeast of Zapotitlán and north of Oaxaca. It inhabits mountain areas up to 1,500 meters above sea level, in environments with shrubby vegetation, with rocky streams, where the frog finds an ideal microhabitat for its reproduction and development. This, like many other species of the same family, in dry seasons, takes refuge among the leaves of plants such as bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) and other epiphytes, abundant where it lives.
This frog is small in size, the males are about 2 cm and the females, which are larger, about 3 cm. The head is wide, as well as the body and its long limbs. Their skin color is green all over the body and cream colored under the hood. Their populations are seriously threatened with extinction mainly due to the loss of their habitat due to the advance of infrastructures for the tourism.
Necaxa Sword (Xiphophorus evelynae)
It is a fish that belongs to the Poeciliidae family and is distributed in the Tecolutla River basin, at its birth in Puebla, from where it is endemic. It presents quite marked sexual dimorphism, since the female measures about 6 cm, while the male reaches approximately 4 cm. Its coloration is variable, the male can present from light brown to yellow, like the dorsal and tail fins, and the female, on the other hand, is paler and less striking..
Because it lives in such a restricted habitat and in elevated bodies of water, where hydroelectric plants and dams have been built, this species is also part of the list of endangered animals of Puebla.Image: aqualog.de
Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
The ocelot belongs to the Felidae family and in Mexico it is distributed discontinuously, being present in the state of Puebla, in the Sierra Madre Oriental. It inhabits a great variety of environments, from tropical jungles to humid forests, semi-desert and mountainous areas. It measures between 70 and 90 cm in length and is characterized by its large eyes and ears, as well as by the design of its coat, yellow-brown in color and with rosette-shaped spots all over the body..
The main threats that have led the ocelot not only to be in danger of extinction in Puebla, if not throughout the country, are illegal hunting, either to obtain their skin or due to conflicts with farmers because they consume poultry, and the destruction of their habitat, that has caused more and more the decline of their populations. In this other article we talk more in depth about their threats: "¿Why is the ocelot in danger of extinction? ".
Poblano mouse (Peromyscus mekisturus)
The Poblano mouse belongs to the Cricetidae family and is distributed by the south of Puebla, where it lives in rocky and arid environments and in plantations. It measures around 24 cm and has a long tail with gray-ocher coloration on the dorsal part, while ventrally it is cream-colored and the extremities are dark, except for the fingers, which are white..
It is an endangered species in Puebla due to the loss of habitat and its native vegetation due to the advancement of agricultural activities, in addition, the environmental and climatic changes drastic also severely affect this mouse.
In this video from EcologíaVerde you will be able to see how climate change affects and understand why this animal and others are seriously threatened by it:
Little dragon from the southern Sierra Madre Oriental (Abronia graminea)
This reptile of the Anguidae family is present in Puebla, Veracruz and Oaxaca, where it lives in pine and oak forests and in cloud forests, up to almost 3,000 meters above sea level. Like other species of the same genus, the little dragon has arboreal habits and is frequently associated with epiphytic plants where it takes refuge, in temperate and humid zones. It has a prehensile tail thanks to which it can move between the trees. It is about 10 cm long, plus another 16 cm that the tail can measure, its head is flat and its body flattened. It has a bright bluish or greenish coloration, which makes it very striking and can sometimes be known as "little blue dragon ".
This is another of Puebla's endangered animals due to the degradation of their habitat by the destruction of the environments where it lives, deforestation, fires and agricultural activities that produce changes in the soil. In addition, another of the threats that put you in danger is the illegal hunting for pets.
Being also distributed in Veracruz, this species is also on the list of threatened animals in this state. If you want to know the most vulnerable, see this article: "Animals in danger of extinction in Veracruz ".
Highland Axolotl (Ambystoma velasci)
The Altiplano axolotl is within the Ambystomatidae family, it is endemic to Mexico and is currently only found in the states of Puebla and Hidalgo. It lives in grassland environments and pine and oak forests, at more than 1,800 meters above sea level. Its build is robust and measures between 5 and 12 cm long from the snout to the cloaca. It has a long tail that sometimes exceeds the length of the body. Its coloration ranges from dark brown to black and with greenish or yellow spots on the back, on the ventral part and on the upper part of the extremities..
Although there are still current populations of this species, in some regions where it lived there are no longer records of it. Among its main threats are pollution and destruction of environments where today there is, above all due to population growth, the extraction of water that has led to the desiccation of their habitats, deforestation and the introduction of exotic fish species that compete or prey on it. For all these reasons, the axolotl is considered one of the most endangered animals in all of Mexico..Image: naturalista.mx
Tirana eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus)
Also known as black goshawk eagle, It belongs to the Acccipitridae family and is present in several states of Mexico, including Puebla. It inhabits areas of humid forests, secondary forests and gallery forests, always with open areas, since it is a species associated with this type of environment. It is a species of bird of prey that measures about 70 cm long and its wingspan reaches 140 cm. It is characterized by its dark plumage of opaque black feathers with a crest on the head and by its long tail with three characteristic gray bands..
This type of eagle is another of the animals in danger of extinction in Puebla and other states of the country, so there are currently several protected natural areas that include sites where this bird lives. Its main threats are deforestation and the destruction of their habitats, Since the forests where this species is present are increasingly reduced, in addition, hunting for its consumption can be common in some areas. Another factor that also puts it in danger is forest fires.
Zacatuche rabbit (Romerolagus diazi)
Also know as volcano rabbit, tepolito or teporingo, It belongs to the Leporidae family and it is an endemic species from central Mexico, which is present in Puebla. It is found in environments within the neovolcanic system of Mexico, in areas of alpine grasslands and with dense vegetation, known as zacatonales, above almost 3,000 and up to 4,000 meters above sea level. It is a species of rabbit that measures approximately 30 cm with a small tail and with ears that do not usually exceed 4 cm in length. Its coat is short and ocher in color, with yellowish tones and whiter in the nape area..
The biggest threat that has caused this rabbit to be on the list of endangered animals of Puebla is the destruction and fragmentation of habitats where he lives because of the improper afforestation of trees in grassland areas, also, poorly planned fires and grazing. In addition, the advance of urbanizations is another cause that has led the Zacatuche rabbit to be in danger of extinction.
Green Macaw (Ara militaris)
This bird belongs to the Psittacidae family, whose populations are distributed from Mexico to Argentina, being very restricted in the State of Puebla, in the Valley of Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. It lives in low and medium semi-deciduous forests and also in transitional areas of pines and oaks, as well as in more arid areas. It is a very striking and colorful species, with green plumage almost all over the body and with part of the neck and the upper feathers of the tail, which is very long, blue in color, while the rest is reddish in color and the wings are yellowish olive color. In addition, the base of the beak has deep red plumage and there are no feathers around the eyes. It is between 65 and 75 cm long and has a wingspan of just over 1 meter.
The status of the green macaw is critical, since it is in danger of extinction mainly due to the illegal hunting for the pet trade, which catches not only chicks, but also breeding adults. Besides, the fragmentation of their environments causes its distribution area to be reduced more and more.