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The rabbit feeding, Regardless of your breed (type belier, american chinchilla or toy / dwarf) it should be based on the consumption of hay, recommended fruits and vegetables and feed. But that the rabbit is a herbivorous animal does not mean that it can consume all kinds of plants, there are some harmful and harmful foods for its health.
In this AnimalWised article we will detail those foods that are forbidden for rabbits and we will explain some of the main reasons why you should never offer them to them.
Read on and discover what these forbidden foods are, whether they are homemade or of natural origin. Everything you need to know about harmful foods for rabbits below:You may also be interested in: Forbidden foods for ferrets Index
- Forbidden vegetables for rabbits
- Fruits forbidden for rabbits
- Noxious plants
- Dairy and other prohibited foods
- The importance of offering quality hay
- How to know if my rabbit has been intoxicated?
Forbidden vegetables for rabbits
Vegetables should be offered to our rabbit on a daily basis, however, there are some varieties that are really toxic so their consumption should be prohibited. Some vegetables are not recommended either because of their high sugar content or their low digestibility. Here we show you what they are the most dangerous vegetables for rabbits:
- The potato: it contains a large amount of a very toxic alkaloid called solanine. Solanine is eliminated by boiling it, however it is still a very caloric and starchy food, which can cause severe digestive disorders. It is highly advisable never to offer potatoes to our rabbits.
- Sweet potato: As with potatoes, this tuber contains high doses of solanine and large amounts of sugar. Its consumption should be totally avoided.
- Garlic: It has been used for years in minute proportions to prevent the appearance of intestinal parasites. However, it is not a food that should be offered regularly or undiluted. It is a food that causes serious stomach disorders.
- The onion: in addition to producing poor digestion, the onion contributes to the loss of red blood cells which causes weakness and dizziness in the rabbit. In the long run, its consumption can cause severe anemia and even death.
- Turnip: the turnip itself is very indigestible for rabbits, however the leaves are an excellent treat that they will love.
- Leeks: its effects are similar to that of onion, it is a food that produces very poor digestion in rabbits. In addition, leeks give rise to the appearance of gases that the rabbit cannot expel.
- MushroomsIn addition to the really poisonous mushrooms, other varieties such as the classic mushrooms are still very dangerous for rabbits. In the long run they can cause the appearance of tumors.
- Peas, parsnip, and rhubarbThese three vegetables have in common an excess of sugar which can cause intestinal, brain and kidney problems. It is very important to choose vegetables and fruits that are low in sugar..
- Broad beans: This food is very indigestible for the rabbit's organism.
Fruits forbidden for rabbits
Fruits are, in general, a food of plant origin that should be supplied with caution to rabbits. Despite being allowed foods or suitable for consumption, their high sugar content does not make them recommended as usual food. Some fruits can only be consumed by rabbits 1 or 2 times a week. However, there are fruits that under no circumstances should rabbits consume. We list them below:
- The banana and the banana: these foods are very rich nutritionally speaking and provide vitamin B1. However, they are foods that contain high sugar and are also very difficult to digest. In addition, they should never be green, but ripe. For this reason, it is better to avoid the consumption of these two foods or to offer them in very small quantities..
- Custard apple: besides being very rich in sugar, custard apple is a fruit that also contributes excessive fat to our rabbit. Its consumption should be avoided or offered very widely and in tiny portions. It is not a recommended food.
- Figs: despite being a very rich fruit with many properties, the fig has a very high amount of sugar which, as we have mentioned, is very harmful for our rabbit. It is a fruit to be avoided.
- Apricot, medlar, plum and peach: these three fruits, despite providing vitamin A and fiber to our little friend, have in common the presence of cyanide in their seed. For that reason we should always cut it and wash it and never offer pieces of meat close to the seed..
- Avocado: It contains a toxic compound called persin that is really harmful to the health of our rabbit as well as many other pets. It is a very harmful fruit that should never be offered. It also has a lot of fat.
We remember that it is very important not to offer any fruits that contain nuggets, very harmful due to its small cyanide content. This can slowly lead to tumors and diseases related to the intestinal system. Before offering any fruit, we will cut it up and clean it well.
The vast majority of ornamental plants what do we have at home they are toxic for rabbits. There are some poisonous because they have toxic elements in their composition, and others that are not toxic, but produce gases..
The intestinal tract of rabbits is unable to remove gases through flatulence. For this reason, these toxic gases enter the rabbit's blood supply, producing enterotoxemia (toxins from the intestine pass into the blood), an event that can be fatal for rabbits. Next we list the prohibited plants:
- Hemlock, Ivy
- Good herb
- Marine junk
Excess carbohydrates is very harmful for rabbits since they are foods that are very difficult to digest, in addition, before a disproportionate consumption of these products we can cause fermentation in the rabbit's stomach, damaging its intestinal system. Should be avoided:
- Sugary cereals
All kinds of cakes, fruits in syrup and sweets should be avoided, since refined flour and sugar are harmful to rabbits. This type of food can have serious consequences on your body, they should never be offered.
Dairy and other prohibited foods
The dairy are very harmful for rabbits. Cheeses, butter, and any derivative of milk should under no circumstances be offered to rabbits. Nor should they be given feed for dogs or cats, since they provide animal proteins, indigestible for rabbits..
The importance of offering quality hay
The hay form indispensable part of a healthy diet for the rabbit. However, some varieties of hay are healthier than others. The point is to avoid as much as possible those that contain more calories.
Our rabbits are not even close to practicing the physical activity of wild rabbits. Therefore we must satisfy your appetite with low-calorie hay varieties. The hay called Meadow Hay, and the grass timothy (Timothy Hay), are the most appropriate for a rabbit with low activity.
Alfalfa should be given in small amounts because it is high in calories. It will be an appropriate food for rabbits in the process of recovering from any ailment.
How to know if my rabbit has been intoxicated?
Despite carefully controlling the feeding of our rabbit, sometimes we can forget about some specific properties that some fruits and vegetables have. For this reason we have wanted to add a final section in which we will explain some common symptoms of poisoning of the rabbit:
- The rabbit has not eaten in more than 12 hours: especially if it has not consumed hay, we are facing a serious health problem.
- You have not had a bowel movement or urination in more than 12 hours.
- Obvious symptoms of listlessness, pain, malaise, or little activity.
- Overgrowth of rabbit teeth.
- Unusual stools or urine: very liquid, with mucus, abnormal color.
- Spam and abnormal movements.
- Vomiting and seizures.
If we observe any of these symptoms it will be essential go to the vet as soon as possible to realize an emergency exam. We must not forget that the rabbit is a very delicate mammal that needs an active intestinal transit to feel good. Going to the specialist promptly can save your life.