Food for dogs with kidney failure

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The kidney failure in dogs, Also known as kidney disease, it is a relatively common condition in domestic dogs. Likewise, kidney failure can also occur in cats. We can see that this pathology is common in elderly dogs or those that are already sick and develop kidney problems due to their disease..

It is vital to learn to recognize the signs of this pathology, as well as which one will be the best diet for dogs with kidney failure problems. In this AnimalWised article we will delve into this complex issue that, in addition, will require the professional guidance of our trusted vet.

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  1. Kidney failure in dogs and its impact on diet
  2. Symptoms of kidney failure in dogs
  3. Tips for feeding dogs with kidney failure
  4. Is dry food or homemade food better for dogs with kidney failure??

Kidney failure in dogs and its impact on diet

Kidney failure in dogs can be acute or chronic, the acute one can carry a high risk of mortality, although it is reversible, on the other hand, chronic renal failure involves damage to the renal tissue that is irreversible.

Under normal conditions, the toxins that circulate in the blood are dissolved in water through the kidney, properly filtered and subsequently excreted through the urine, but when there is kidney failure, the kidney needs a more water to be able to excrete the same amount of toxins. Still, there comes a point where increased hydration is not enough for the kidney to support the normal workload and these toxins rise in the blood.

Many of these toxins come from environment, on the other hand, others come from metabolism of some nutrients, for example, from proteins, whose metabolism generates ammonia, a toxic substance that must be converted into urea in order to be excreted through the urine.

In conditions of kidney failure in dogs, food is especially important, since we must avoid certain foods and maintain a caloric load that allows our friend to maintain his body weight. As always happens, diet is one of the factors with the greatest influence on health.

Symptoms of kidney failure in dogs

If our dog is suffering kidney damage, it is important to be able to identify it in order to go to the vet as urgently as possible. The clinical symptoms of kidney failure in dogs will vary depending on whether the kidney failure is acute or chronic:

Symptoms of acute kidney failure:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting
  • No urine
  • Disorientation
  • Lack of coordination
  • Physical weakness

Symptoms of chronic kidney failure:

  • No urine
  • Urine with blood
  • Shabby coat
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stooped posture
  • Bad breath
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Dehydration
  • Soft spot
  • Swelling

Kidney failure in dogs it is a serious pathology as it affects a vital organ and, therefore, requires urgent treatment that includes changes in the diet of our pet.

Tips for feeding dogs with kidney failure

The main objective of feeding a dog with kidney damage is lessen the workload of the kidney, since it can no longer filter all the toxins in the proper way, and keep the dog at an adequate weight, thus preventing a state of malnutrition. A good diet for a dog with kidney failure should be sustained on the following bases:

  1. It must be a diet low in sodium and phosphorus.
  2. Proteins of high biological value (rich in essential amino acids) should be provided but in a moderate amount, lower than the normal required in healthy adult dogs.
  3. Hydration must be optimal, for this the dog must always have fresh and clean water at its disposal and it will preferably opt for wet food.

A diet that respects these principles can be provided through balanced food (feed) or through homemade food, there is controversy about which is the best method..

Is dry food or homemade food better for dogs with kidney failure??

exist feed for dogs with kidney failure that are perfectly adapted to the nutritional requirements of a dog with kidney disease, however, some experts consider that the best diet in these cases is the homemade diet for dogs with kidney failure and that it only offers balanced food as a supplement. The veterinarian should advise us in this regard.

Some recommended foods for dogs with kidney problems are:

  • Boiled rice
  • Olive oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Eggshell
  • Unflavored gelatin
  • Cabbage
  • Zucchini
  • Carrot
  • Broccoli
  • Pork
  • mutton
  • Anchovies
  • Salmon

On the contrary, foods to avoid in a case of kidney failure they are:

  • Milk
  • Dairy Products
  • Nuts
  • Vegetables

In any case, it will be the veterinarian the only one that can prescribe one type of diet or another in dogs suffering from kidney failure. Likewise, it must also be the specialist who guides us in terms of ingredients, amounts, intakes or supplements.

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