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The atopic dermatitis canine (DAC) is one of the most common skin conditions in dogs, producing reactions such as intense itching, wounds as a result of scratching, rashes or redness of the skin. In this way, owners of atopic dogs must provide the animal with specific dermis care in order to alleviate the symptoms produced by the pathology and promote its emotional stability, since the fact of feeling constant discomfort can develop in the dog a state of stress and frustration.
Among the basic care for dogs with dermatitis, is the modification of the diet, because an adequate diet can considerably favor the clinical picture and improve skin health. Therefore, in this AnimalWised article we will talk about the food for dogs with atopic dermatitis and we will indicate what to take into account.You may also be interested in: Food for dogs with arthritis Index
- Why does diet alleviate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?
- What to take into account when choosing a feed for dogs with CAD?
- What foods to avoid?
- Is the change of diet enough to treat dermatitis in dogs??
Why Diet Relieves Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms?
As it is a skin condition, diet can help strengthen the immune system and repair skin damage more quickly. Taking into account that CAD causes intense itching, redness of the dermis, irritation, inflammation and multiple wounds as a result of excessive scratching, an improper diet can worsen the clinical picture by causing the damaged tissues not to be repaired correctly or by enhancing these reactions, in addition to cause dry skin and even peeling.
For all the above, here are the criteria to take into account when selecting the diet for a dog with atopic dermatitis and what to avoid so as not to worsen the situation.
What to take into account when choosing a feed for dogs with CAD?
Modifying the diet of the dog with atopic dermatitis has three different objectives: to help restore damaged skin tissues, reduce itching and promote proper coat growth. For this, it is important to review the composition of the feed and choose a diet designed for atopic skin, such as the Atopic Care by Advance Veterinary Diets by Affinity, whose formula helps reduce itching and restore skin health. In addition, it contains alternative protein that reduces the risk of allergic reactions and provides a great flavor. But, ¿what are the recommended components? ¿How should the diet be??
Rich in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids
The deficit of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids not only favors the development of canine atopic dermatitis, but also worsens the condition of the dog's dermis and damages the health of its coat. Thus, the consumption of these substances helps relieve symptoms such as irritation and itching, and to repair the injuries produced. Opting for a diet rich in omega 3 and 6 is more than recommended, both for atopic dogs and for dogs without this skin condition.
Omega 3 fatty acid is found mainly in oily fish such as salmon or trout, in vegetable oils and green leafy vegetables. Omega 6 is also found in vegetable oils mainly.
With aloe vera
One of the most popular plants in the world for its healing properties, aloe vera has the ability to keep the lipid levels of the patient's epidermis balanced and, in general, to keep the skin barrier in perfect condition. In this way, it benefits the healing of the lesions produced by scratching and favors the correct regeneration of the skin..
On the other hand, aloe vera is antibacterial, a fact that results in the prevention of possible topical infections through wounds. Likewise, it has important moisturizing and anti-inflammatory properties, so relevant to alleviating the itching and irritation associated with atopic dermatitis in dogs.
Rich in biotin and collagen
Biotin, also known as vitamin B8, B7 or vitamin H, is a type of vitamin that is fundamental in the process of creating hemoglobin, regeneration of skin tissue cells, hair and nails, and metabolization of carbohydrates, fats and amino acids. Therefore, it is not surprising that an adequate diet for dogs with atopic dermatitis must contain biotin in its composition, since a deficit of it can increase hair loss in the affected dog and worsen the condition of skin lesions.. ¿Where can we find it? In legumes, whole grains, brewer's yeast, nuts and other products such as carrots, potatoes or salmon liver.
For its part, collagen is a protein that is responsible for holding together the connective tissues of tendons, cartilage, joints, bones, muscles and skin, among others. Thus, it is an essential substance to maintain the correct health of the dermis and, therefore, if the dog with atopic dermatitis is fed with food, it is recommended to opt for a product that contains collagen peptides.
With vitamin E
Vitamin E plays a role fundamental in the prevention of cellular oxidation of the dog and the consequent skin care. Therefore, offering feed and diets rich in vitamins is mandatory to keep the animal healthy and strong. Likewise, vitamin E, in addition to promoting atopic dog skin, reducing itching caused by dermatitis and accelerating the regeneration process of the dermis, helps to strengthen the immune system and also promotes eye health..
Foods like green leafy vegetables, cereals like rice, or fruits like avocado are excellent natural sources of vitamin E.
What foods to avoid?
After reviewing the recommended compounds to alleviate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis in dogs, it is time to mention those foods that should be avoided to prevent the appearance of skin reactions. Since many cases of dermatitis are related to food allergies, it makes sense ask the vet to identify the allergenic food, if there is. Once found, it should be completely eliminated from the atopic dog's diet.
Food allergies usually occur after the consumption of a certain ingredient or compound of the food, not of the product itself, the most common being veal proteins, chicken meat, dairy products, eggs or wheat. However, this is not an exact science and, therefore, there are also dogs that have allergies to proteins from specific fish or cereals. Therefore, it is recommended to opt for manufactured and quality feed to facilitate the digestion of dogs and reduce the symptoms of dermatitis. If you want to follow a homemade diet, it must be the veterinarian who prepares it.
Is the change of diet enough to treat dermatitis in dogs??
Although there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, food is the main element to alleviate the symptoms of the disease. However, to reinforce effectiveness, it is recommended to opt for specific treats and treats that are part of your eating routine.
Therefore, it is advisable to opt for food supplements designed to strengthen the natural barrier of the epidermis and improve the appearance of the skin, rich in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, such as the nutritional supplements DermaFortede Advance Veterinary Diets from Affinity, which help strengthen the skin barrier, in addition to being tender, tasty and effective.
Once the diet of the dog with atopic dermatitis has been adapted and approved by the veterinarian, a dermoprotective shampoo such as Affinity's Advance Veterinary Diets Atopic Care Shampoo, with aloe vera, collagen and olive leaf extract to treat atopic skin and reduce itching, rash and skin irritation. On the other hand, since atopic dermatitis can also be caused by environmental factors and irritants such as pollen or dust, it should be analyzed if these are the reason for the skin reaction to prevent the affected dog from coming into direct contact with these products.