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The Belgian shepherd malinois It is a large dog, with an athletic and well muscled body, that gives you a stunning beauty. Of course, we must bear in mind that, like all dogs, the Belgian Malinois must receive adequate preventive medicine and adequate care to preserve its good health and its balanced behavior.
¿Did you know that the nutrition of a Belgian Malinois is one of the most decisive aspects for its physical and mental health? Surely, you want to give your beautiful furry the best diet to see him always healthy and well disposed. And that is why, in this new AnimalWised article, we explain what should be the feeding of a Belgian Shepherd Malinois puppy and adult.You may also be interested in: Feeding a German Shepherd puppy Index
- Characteristics of the Belgian Malinois
- Belgian Malinois puppy feeding
- How many times should a Belgian Malinois puppy eat? And how often?
- Feeding an adult Belgian Malinois
- Feeding an elderly Belgian Malinois
- Is the BARF diet recommended for the Belgian Shepherd?
- Key tips for good nutrition for a Belgian Malinois
Characteristics of the Belgian Malinois
Knowing our dog is essential to know what their nutritional needs and the care it requires to present an optimal state of health. The Belgian Malinois stands out for its high energy, privileged intelligence, great sensitivity and excellent predisposition to work. Well trained, he performs with great ease and remarkable dexterity herding, tracking and canine sports functions..
The temperament of a Belgian Malinois is naturally balanced, alert, devoted and obedient. However, we must be clear that the behavior of each dog depends fundamentally on the education, the environment and the care offered by its guardians. A Belgian Malinois must be properly socialized to learn to interact with people, with other animals, with their toys and the elements of their home. The training of the Belgian Malinois will also be essential to keep him physically and mentally stimulated, in addition to teaching him to respect the rules of the home..
Belgian Malinois Shepherds flaunt a excellent health and they hardly get sick when they receive adequate preventive medicine. In addition, they have a huge advantage over other sheepdogs. As its cognitive capacity was historically more valued than its physical appearance, the Belgian Malinois was not exposed to as intense a process of aesthetic / genetic standardization as the bern buoy or the German sheepdog. Therefore, it presents low genetic predisposition to most degenerative diseases. However, being a large dog with accelerated growth, the Belgian Malinois can develop hip and elbow dysplasia..
Belgian Malinois puppy feeding
It is important to highlight the importance of respecting the weaning age when adopting a puppy. A dog that is separated from its parent before the proper time generally exhibits learning and socialization difficulties, as well as a more fragile immune system. From birth to 2 or 3 months of life, the ideal food for a puppy is mother's milk. Therefore, if for any reason you adopted a prematurely weaned puppy, you should offer him formula to nourish him until he can begin to try moist and solid food..
Between your 6ª or 7ª week of life, a cub would naturally begin to share food with its mother, stimulated by its own curiosity. And from 2 months, you can already try new foods and be introduced to the diet that you will maintain during your childhood, always slowly and gradually. At this point, you should choose to offer your puppy a natural food or base their diet on industrialized feed. It is very important that you have the guidance of a veterinarian you trust, to clarify the pros and cons of each option.
If you opt for the second option, you must choose a I think of excellent quality for puppies (generally commercially labeled as "Puppy " or "Junior "), preferably Premium line (high-end), as the basis of their diet. Its composition must be highly energetic and contain the appropriate proportions of the 5 essential nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. To help you decide, we recommend you to know the 15 best dog foods on the market.
As it is a large and muscular dog, it is important that its infant nutrition includes an extra dose of calcium. Therefore, do not forget to consult your trusted veterinarian to incorporate supplements into his diet and ensure complete nutrition for your little one. In addition, it will be a good idea to supplement your puppy's diet with homemade recipes that provide flavor, texture and moisture, but remember never to mix the feed with fresh or cooked food, as they require different digestion times..
How many times should a Belgian Malinois puppy eat? And how often?
As important as guaranteeing the excellent quality of your puppy's feed, it is respect the quantities suitable for optimal physical and mental development. You will see that the feed has in its packaging the dose indication according to the age, size and weight of each puppy, but the ideal is to consult your veterinarian to confirm the appropriate dose for your Belgian Shepherd Malinois during each stage of its growth..
In general, the distribution of feeds and the appropriate amount of food for a puppy will be:
- 2 - 3 months: 150 to 200 gr. per day, distributed in 4 daily servings. Ideally, these portions should be offered in the form of porridge, softening the commercial feed with warm water before offering it to the puppy..
- 4 - 5 months: from 250 to 300gr. per day, in 3 servings daily. At this time, the puppy will already be able to chew the feed well, not having to temper it or soften it.
- 6 - 8 months: 300 or 400 gr. per day, divided into 2 or 3 servings daily.
- 8 - 12 months: from 400 to 500 gr. per day, in 2 or 3 daily doses.
If, on the contrary, you decide to bet on homemade diets, Ideally, consult a veterinarian about the foods to offer, the amounts and the use of supplements. The specialist will calculate the doses of food and its composition to avoid depending on their development and particular needs. nutritional deficiencies.
Feeding an adult Belgian Malinois
From their 12 months of life, the Belgian Malinois will already be considered an adult dog, and it will be time to change its puppy food for a Premium line for dogs "Adult " large size. It is essential to consult your veterinarian before choosing a new feed and making any changes to your dog's diet. You can find feed for Belgian Malinois and their opinions on the Internet, but ideally, you guarantee that it is a quality product by evaluating the composition of the feed and consulting with a professional..
Like any active dog with well-developed muscles, the Belgian Malinois should be fed a diet rich in protein and high-quality carbohydrates and easy to assimilate. It is recommended that the minimum protein index of the feed is not less than 25%, and carbohydrates must be present in moderate doses so as not to poison the animal's body. These 2 nutrients are the energy base of the body of every dog, and will allow your Malinis Belgian Shepherd to gain muscle mass more easily, maintain an active metabolism, and improve their physical resistance. Good fats, such as omega 3 and 6, will be essential, in moderate proportions, to strengthen your cardiovascular system and stimulate your cognitive capacity. Fibers, vitamins and minerals should complement your diet, favoring your digestion, strengthening your immune system, your bones and your joints..
We recommend that you also consult with your trusted veterinarian about the possibility of offering supplements and vitamins that help to strengthen the joints of your Belgian Malinois, to avoid the appearance of symptoms of hip dysplasia, and improve its performance as a sports dog (provided that you choose to start him in a dog sport, logically).
Feeding an elderly Belgian Malinois
When your Belgian Malinois reaches his 7 years old, it will have reached its third age. Then, you will have to change his feed "Adult " for one "Senior " with Premium quality. Elderly dogs require special attention to their diet to avoid the development of overweight and to contemplate the natural loss of muscle mass that they experience. For this reason, their feed must contain a caloric index lower than that of adults and be easily digestible. You should also look at vitamins for elderly dogs, which will help keep their immune system stable..
Is the BARF diet recommended for the Belgian Shepherd?
Fortunately, more and more guardians choose to offer a homemade and natural diet to their dogs. The BARF or ACBA (Biologically Appropriate Raw Food) diet is based on the balanced consumption of raw bones with meat and muscle (60%), lean and raw meat (25%) and moderate portions of vegetables, fruits, eggs and organ meats (15%). It is very important to remember that the bones should never be cooked, to avoid the danger of splintering and injuring the dog's digestive tract..
This type of diet offers numerous benefits for the health of your best friend, improving their digestion, facilitating their oral hygiene, and strengthening their immune system. In addition to providing freshness, flavor and texture to your food and eliminating the consumption of artificial preservatives. Any dog, whether mixed or of a defined breed, can enjoy the benefits of the BARF diet.
Logically, their tutors should adapt the daily amount of food according to the age, weight and size of their furry following the vet's recommendations, to avoid again the possible appearance of nutritional deficiencies.
It is also important to highlight that the transition from a traditional diet (based on dry feed) to the BARF diet must be carried out in a slow and gradual so as not to damage the dog's digestive tract. And if you decide to offer a natural diet to your Belgian Malinois, do not miss our examples of BARF diet for dogs.
Key tips for good nutrition for a Belgian Malinois
Here we will show you some general advice To ensure a good diet for the Belgian Shepherd:
- If you choose to offer a dry feed based on an optimal quality feed, remember to choose a product with a good concentration of animal protein. Many feeds contain a large percentage of vegetable protein, such as soy, rice or corn flour. Although these foods are not prohibited for dogs, their excessive consumption intoxicates the body of the dog, hinders its digestion and favors the formation of gases.
- If you choose to offer a BARF diet to your best friend, it is important to bet on fresh food of organic origin. It is also essential to pay close attention to food preservation, to prevent the proliferation of bacteria and pathogens in your furry's food. If you prepare meals for 2 or 3 days, remember to keep them in the fridge in airtight containers.
- All dogs should be fed in a quiet environment, where they feel safe to enjoy their food. The impact of stress is highly negative on the digestive process and on the immune system of our dogs. As our mothers and grandmothers used to teach us with good reason, mealtime is sacred.
- A dog must learn to respect its meal times, preferably when it is still a puppy. This is a fundamental part of their education that avoids unwanted behaviors, such as the dog jumping on the table, barking or crying while we are eating, or trying to steal food from the kitchen counter, for example. Therefore, avoid offering him food while you eat or reinforcing him to come up to the table in a "funny" way. Remember that if you teach a puppy well, you will not have to correct the behavior of an adult dog.
- Remember that physical activity and mental stimulation of your Belgian Malinois are as important as its optimal nutrition. If exposed to a sedentary lifestyle, your dog may present behavioral problems or symptoms associated with stress and boredom. In addition, daily exercises help maintain good weight management, preventing obesity and its health complications.
- If your Belgian Malinois presents acute diarrhea or outright not eating, go to the vet.