The animal world it's amazing and from him we learn endless curious facts, more typical of a science fiction book than reality. However, the truth is that there are animals with surprising capacities, which undoubtedly any animal lover would want to know.
In this AnimalWised article we have prepared 20 curious facts about animals that you will love to know. You will discover some of the wonders that the fauna of our planet earth hides and we will explain why they happen. So, if you want to know a little more about these species, ¡keep reading!You may also be interested in: 20 curious facts about dogs Index
- What is the animal that sleeps the most?
- What is the largest insect in the world?
- The most impressive looks in the animal world
- An insect with a defensive blast
- What is the smallest animal in the world?
- Animals capable of camouflaging themselves in the environment
- Animals that use their noses to orient themselves
- The shortest and longest pregnancies in the animal kingdom
- A bloody defense
- What is the animal with the biggest heart?
- What is the fastest flapping animal?
- The communication of dolphins and its mysteries
- The most poisonous animal in the world
- The Platypus Electric Radar
- What is the fastest animal in the world?
- The surprising survivability of cockroaches
- What is the oldest animal in the world?
- The animal that jumps the furthest
- What is the animal with the most teeth in the world?
1. What is the animal that sleeps the most?
Rest is a common need that all living beings experience, since learning and the ability to replenish energy depend on it. However, in the animal kingdom there are some species that take their fondness for sleep further, such as the cats, who are able to sleep between 16 and 20 hours a day.
To this record is added the lazy (order Folivora), which sleeps about 20 hours a day, and the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), which spends 22 hours a day resting.
This is in contrast to what happens in other species, such as giraffes. The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) only sleeps between 20 minutes and 2 hours a day, but never rests continuously or goes to bed.
2. What is the largest insect in the world?
Continuing with more curious animal data, we must know that in prehistory there were insects so large that they would be considered monsters by humans, however, although things have changed a lot with respect to the size of these species, there are still three that take the award to the largest in the world.
Among the largest insects in the world, the white witch moth (Thysania agrippina), a native of Latin America. Their wingspan reaches 30 centimeters. This is followed by tall moth (Attlacus atlas), because with its wings spread its body can show up to 400 square centimeters, ¿Can you imagine meeting an insect of this size?
With regard to weight, the heaviest insect is the giant weta (Deinacrida), a species native to New Zealand and related to crickets that reaches up to 70.9 grams.
3. The most impressive looks in the animal world
Vision is one of the most important senses for certain animals. Regarding this, the giant squid (Architeuthis dux) is the animal with the largest eyes, since its eyeballs reach between 28 and 30 centimeters. However, if we talk about the species in which the eyes are larger than the rest of the body, the task becomes a bit complicated..
There are different opinions on the matter, but the majority are inclined to a fight between two species: the transparent crustaceans of the genus Cystisoma and Paraphromina, since their eyes occupy 25 and 45 percent of their body respectively, and the tarsier (genus Tarsius), an Asian primate whose eyes measure 16 millimeters in a body that only reaches 10 centimeters in height.
4. An insect with a defensive blast
Undoubtedly one of the curious facts about animals is starred in the bomber beetle (Brachinus crepitans) is a species capable of emitting a chemical discharge, similar to a bomb, towards its predators when it is in danger.
¿As it does? Inside its body, the bomber encloses small amounts of carbon peroxide and hydroquinone, Chemical substances that, when combined, produce quinone, which produces a small explosion when expelled from the body of the insect to 100 ºC.
5. What is the smallest animal in the world?
In the world there are giant and small animals, some so large that they can be recognized from a distance, while others are so tiny that humans are unable to perceive them with the naked eye..
Of all the smallest animals in the world, so far, the smallest non-parasitic insect that has been discovered is the beetle of the species Scydosella musawasensis. It was registered for the first time in Nicaragua in 1999, but it was not until 2016 that its existence and characteristics were confirmed..
This beetle measures only 0.325 mm, so it is impossible for humans to see it. It feeds on fungi and so far it is the only known of its genus.
6. Animals capable of camouflaging themselves in the environment
¿Have you ever come across what appear to be little "branches" walking through the bushes? Then you have come across one of the 3000 species that includes the genus of the phasmids (Phasmida).
These are insects whose appearance varies according to the place where they live, but all are characterized by merge in an extraordinary way with the vegetation That surrounds them. Slender, stylized, with or without wings or bumps, it's easy to think of them as sticks, remnants of leaves, or branches until seen moving.
8. Animals that use their noses to orient themselves
Each species must adapt to the ecosystem where it lives, the result of that can be senses developed in a quite peculiar way, as it happens with the star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata), which offers us one of the curious animal facts that is worth knowing.
This kind of mole is blind, but it has a peculiar nose from which "ramifications " stand out, giving it its name. With these ramifications, the mole is able to perceive what is happening around him through touch, because it is considered one of the most sensitive organs in the world.
9. The shortest and longest pregnancies in the animal kingdom
The gestation period varies according to the species and is sometimes surprising. The huge African elephant (genus Loxodonta) takes 22 months to be ready to be born. Meanwhile, the bandicut (genus Peramelidae), marsupial from Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia, gestates their young between 15 and 20 days.
¡Discover in Animal Expert all about elephant pregnancy!
10. A bloody defense
Another species that possesses extreme defense methods is the horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) as it is capable of lsquirting blood through their eyes.
This species lives in Mexico and the United States, where it feeds on crickets and other insects. When threatened, the lizard secretes blood in the creases of its eyes that it shoots at its attacker, since it is capable of reaching a distance of one meter.
11. What is the animal with the biggest heart?
The animal with the biggest heart in the world is the blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), cetacean that inhabits the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, where it feeds mostly on krill. The heart of this huge marine animal weighs between 180 and 200 kilos.
12. What is the animal that flaps the fastest?
Under the term hummingbird we identify different species of birds, characterized by their small size, their colorful plumage and the speed with which they move their wings. But, ¿you know how fast they are able to beat them?
A hummingbird flaps its wings around 53 times per second, so it is always on the move. It needs to move at this speed because its legs are very weak and it is unable to hold with them for a long time, so by flapping very fast it achieves stay in the same place while feeding on the nectar of flowers.
12. The communication of dolphins and its mysteries
The dolphins are perhaps the only animals, other than humans, that have been shown to use a very complex system for communicating. Research has even warned that each dolphin pod may have a own language that only its members are able to understand.
¿How do dolphins communicate? They use a series of particular sounds and screeches, some of which are even suspected of playing the same role as names, that is, they are used to differentiate one dolphin from another..
14. The most poisonous animal in the world
Continuing with the curious animal data we could not forget the sea wasp, also called box jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri) is the most veined animal in the world. It is found in the waters of Australia and its tentacles reach a length of between 80 centimeters and 3 meters.
In the tentacles of the sea wasp are found stinging cells that inject poison to everything that touches. The skin lesions become swollen and red, within a few minutes the victim experiences tachycardia, pain and increased blood pressure, until the death from cardiac embolism.
15. The electric platypus radar
The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is an endemic Australian mammal that has a peculiar way of detecting its prey: it uses a system called electrolocation.
Electrolocation consists of detecting the electric fields emitted by animals when they move. The platypus is able to perceive these fields thanks to the fact that it has electroreceptors, which are found in its snout..
¡Discover in Animal Expert more curiosities about the platypus!
16. What is the fastest animal in the world?
The Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) is considered the fastest bird in the world, as its flight speed is impressive. When in sustained flight, this hawk reaches 96 kilometers per hour, speed comparable to that of other animals that are also fast, such as hummingbird and swordfish. However, when it comes to catching one of its prey, the peregrine falcon is capable of flying at 360 kilometers per hour.
17. The surprising survivability of cockroaches
The cockroaches, These insects belonging to the genus Blattodea are among the most resistant animals on the planet. May survive without head for several weeks, after which they starve, and endure a month without drinking water, as they are capable of absorbing moisture present in the environment.
As if that were not enough, they are capable of withstanding 15 times greater radioactivity dose than humans, although high temperatures kill them easily.
18. What is the oldest animal in the world?
The older turtle of which there are records was called You´i Malila, was a specimen of madagascar star tortoise (Geochelone radiata) which is presumed to have lived 188 years. He belonged to the royal family of Tonga and died in 1965.
The second oldest tortoise was Harriet, Galapagos tortoise that lived 176 years in Australia. There is another, called Adwaita, which could also be crowned as the longest-lived, but no way has been found to corroborate that it actually lived the 250 years claimed by the legend.
19. The animal that jumps the furthest
There are many types of fleas, however, we must know that in general, the flea, This parasitic insect of the order Siphonaptera, is a champion in jumping, because, as you know, it is capable of passing from one animal to another in order to parasitize it. Nevertheless, ¿you know how far he can jump?
The flea can jump 18 centimeters vertically and 33 horizontally. This may seem like little, but if you consider that it only measures between 1, 5 and 3 millimeters, this distance represents about 200 times its size.. ¡Something surprising!
20. What is the animal with the most teeth in the world?
When it comes to teeth, the catfish, of the order of the Siluriformes, it takes the prize for its impressive quantity: 9,280 total teeth. It is undoubtedly one of the curious facts about animals that impacts the most.
There are 3000 species of catfish each with its own particular characteristics. However, they stand out for this surprising denture, which occurs in tiny pieces distributed in several rows inside the animal's mouth..